Charles Martel of Anjou

Charles Martel of Anjou
titular King of Hungary
Born 8 September 1271
Died 12 August 1295 (aged 23)
Burial Naples Cathedral
Spouse Klementia of Habsburg
Issue Charles I of Hungary
Beatrix of Hungary
Clementia of Hungary
House House of Anjou-Sicily
House of Anjou-Hungary (founder)
Father Charles II of Naples
Mother Maria of Hungary

Charles Martel (Hungarian: Martell Károly; 8 September 1271 – 12 August 1295) of the Angevin dynasty was the eldest son of king Charles II of Naples and Maria of Hungary,[1] the daughter of King Stephen V of Hungary. The 18-year-old Charles Martel was set up by Pope Nicholas IV and the ecclesiastical party as the titular King of Hungary (1290–1295) as successor of his maternal uncle,[1] the childless Ladislaus IV of Hungary against whom the Pope had already earlier declared a crusade.

He never managed to govern the Kingdom of Hungary, where an agnate of the Árpád dynasty, his cousin Andrew III of Hungary ruled at that time. Charles Martel was, however, successful in asserting his claim in the Kingdom of Croatia, then in personal union with Hungary.

Charles Martel died of the plague in Naples. His son, Charles (or Charles Robert), later succeeded in winning the throne of Hungary.[2]

Charles was apparently known personally to Dante: in the Divine Comedy, the poet speaks warmly of and to Charles's spirit when they meet in the Heaven of Venus (in Paradiso VIII).


He married Klementia of Habsburg (d. 1295), daughter of Rudolph I, Holy Roman Emperor.[3]

They had three children:


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  1. 1 2 John V.A. Fine Jr., The Late Medieval Balkans, (The University of Michigan Press, 1994), 207.
  2. John V.A. Fine Jr., The Late Medieval Balkans, 208-209.
  3. Theresa Earenfight, Queenship in Medieval Europe, (Palgrave Macmillan, 2013), 173.

Charles Martel of Anjou
Born: 8 September 1271 Died: 12 August 1295
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Ladislaus IV
King of Croatia
Succeeded by
Andrew II
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
another crowned
King of Hungary
Title next held by
Charles I

Further reading

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