Charles III, Duke of Lorraine

Charles III
Duke of Lorraine

Charles III, copper engraving by Dominicus Custos, 1600/02
Born 18 February 1543
Ducal Palace of Nancy
Died 14 May 1608(1608-05-14) (aged 66)
Spouse Claude of France
Issue Henry II, Duke of Lorraine
Christina, Grand Duchess of Tuscany
Charles, Cardinal of Lorraine
Antoinette, Duchess of Jülich-Cleves-Berg
Francis II, Duke of Lorraine
Catherine, Abbess of Remiremont
Elisabeth, Electress of Bavaria
House Lorraine
Father Francis I, Duke of Lorraine
Mother Christina of Denmark

Charles III (18 February 1543 – May 14, 1608), known as the Great,[1] was Duke of Lorraine from 1545 until his death.


He was the eldest surviving son of Francis I, Duke of Lorraine,[1] and Christina of Denmark. His mother served as the regent during his minority.

During his childhood, his aged great-grandmother, Philippa of Gelderland, died in 1547, leaving her inheritance to the young Charles.

His dynasty claimed the Kingdom of Jerusalem and used also the title of Duke of Calabria as symbol of their claims to the Kingdom of Naples. Additionally, they had a claim to the Duchy of Gelderland, inherited from Charles of Egmont, Duke of Gelderland.


Charles III, Duke of Lorraine, studio of François Clouet, oil on panel, 32.3 x 23 cm

He married Claude of Valois, princess of France, daughter of king Henry II and Catherine de' Medici. He had the following children:


Charles III's ancestors in three generations
Charles III, Duke of Lorraine Father:
Francis I, Duke of Lorraine
Paternal Grandfather:
Antoine, Duke of Lorraine
Paternal Great-grandfather:
René II, Duke of Lorraine
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Phillipa of Guelders
Paternal Grandmother:
Renée of Bourbon-Montpensier
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Gilbert, Count of Montpensier
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Chiara Gonzaga
Christina of Denmark
Maternal Grandfather:
Christian II of Denmark
Maternal Great-grandfather:
John of Denmark
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Christina of Saxony
Maternal Grandmother:
Isabella of Austria
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Philip I of Castile
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Joanna of Castile

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Charles III, Duke of Lorraine.


  1. 1 2  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Charles III. or II. (Duke of Lorraine)". Encyclopædia Britannica. 5 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 934.
Preceded by
Francis I
Duke of Lorraine and Bar
Marquis of Pont-à-Mousson

Succeeded by
Henry II
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