Chute was the son of Chaloner Chute of the Middle Temple. He was admitted to Middle Temple and was called to the bar. He developed a great reputation at the bar and was defence lawyer in several high-profile cases including Sir Edward Herbert (the king's attorney-general), Archbishop Laud, the eleven members of the House of Commons charged by Fairfax and his army as delinquents, and James Duke of Hamilton. In 1653 he bought The Vyne, the Tudor palace which is located near Sherborne St John on the outskirts of Basingstoke in Hampshire. He demolished much of the northern part of the decaying building and employed the architect John Webb, a pupil of Inigo Jones, to add the portico to the north front in the 1650s, the first of its kind on an English country house.
Chute was elected Member of Parliament for Middlesex in the Second Protectorate Parliament in 1656 (but was prevented from taking his seat). He was elected MP for Middlesex again to the Third Protectorate Parliament in 1659 and became its first Speaker. However he had to stand down because of ill health and died in April.
Chute married Anne Place, widow of William Place of Dorking, Surrey and daughter of Sir John Scory of Wormesley, Herefordshire. He was succeeded by his only surviving son Chaloner.
- Charles Herbert Cottrell (a descendent)
|Parliament of England|
Sir James Harrington, Bt
Sir William Roberts
|Member of Parliament for Middlesex
With: Sir John Barkstead 1656
Sir William Roberts 1656
William Kiffen 1656
Francis Gerard 1659
| Succeeded by|
Not represented in Restored Rump