Chairman of the State Duma

Chairman of the State Duma of the Russian Federation
Председатель Государственной Думы Российской Федерации

Appointer State Duma
(Elected by)
Term length 5 years (without time limitations)
Formation April 27, 1906
First holder Sergey Muromtsev
Website Chairman of the State Duma (ru)

The Chairman of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation (Russian: Председатель Государственной Думы Федерального собрания Российской Федерации), also called Speaker (спикер), is the presiding officer of the lower house of the Russian parliament. His responsibilities include overseeing the day-to-day business of the State Duma presiding and maintaining order at the regular sessions of the parliament. The Speaker also chairs the Council of the Duma which includes representatives from all the parliamentary parties and determines the legislative agenda.

The Speaker of the Duma may intervene and express his views but is supposed to be unbiased in his activities at the regular sessions of the parliament.


Sergey Muromtsev – the first Chairman of the State Duma.

The position Chairman of the State Duma was established in 1906, when the State Duma of the Russian Empire was established. The first chairman was Sergey Muromtsev. This position existed for 11 years during which five people held this position. It was abolished together with the State Duma after the Russian Revolution.

It was restored after 76 years, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the constitutional crisis of 1993. The first Chairman of the State Duma after the restoration of the post was Ivan Rybkin.

Since January 1995, the speaker of the State Duma is also a member of the Security Council of the Russian Federation.

Current Chairman Vyacheslav Volodin was elected October 5, 2016.[1]


According to the 101st article of the Russian Constitution[2] and the Regulations of the State Duma, the Chairman is elected from among its members by secret ballot, using ballot papers of the candidates who have the right to nominate deputy associations and deputies. State Duma may decide to hold an open vote.


Colour key
(for political parties)
Portrait Name Took office Left office Political Party Duma
State Duma of the Russian Empire
1 Sergey Muromtsev
April 27, 1906 July 8, 1906 Constitutional Democratic Party 1st
2 Fyodor Golovin
February 20, 1907 June 3, 1907 Constitutional Democratic Party 2nd
3 Nikolay Khomyakov
November 1, 1907 March 6, 1910 Union of October 17 3rd
4 Alexander Guchkov
March 10, 1910 June 20, 1910 Union of October 17
October 29, 1910 March 15, 1911
5 Mikhail Rodzianko
March 22, 1911 June 9, 1912 Union of October 17
November 15, 1912 October 6, 1917 4th
State Duma of the Russian Federation
(Since 1993)
6 Ivan Rybkin
January 14, 1994 January 17, 1996 Agrarian Party 1st
7 Gennadiy Seleznyov
January 17, 1996 January 18, 2000 Communist Party (prior June 4, 2002)

Non-partisan / Independent (June 4, 2002 - October 29, 2002)

Non-partisan / Party of Russia's Rebirth (since October 29, 2002)
January 18, 2000 December 29, 2003 3rd
8 Boris Gryzlov
December 29, 2003 December 24, 2007 United Russia 4th
December 24, 2007 December 19, 2011 5th
9 Sergey Naryshkin
December 21, 2011 October 5, 2016 United Russia 6th
10 Vyacheslav Volodin
October 5, 2016 Incumbent United Russia 7th

The Fathers of the house who started the new legislatures

Traditionally when a new Russian parliament is formed the eldest deputy opens and leads the first session until a chairman or a speaker is elected. In the history of the post-Soviet Dumas these were

Year Name Born
1994 Georgy Lukawa 1924
1996 Grigory Galaziy 1925
2000 Yegor Ligachev 1920
2003 Valentin Varennikov 1923[3]
2007 Zhores Alferov 1930[4]
2011 Vladimir Dolgikh[5] 1924
Zhores Alferov 1930
2016 Zhores Alferov[6] 1930

Living former Chairmans

As of December 2016, there are three living former Chairmans. The most recent death of a former Chairman was that of Gennadiy Seleznyov (1996–2003) on 19 July 2015, aged 67.

NameTerm of officeBorn
Ivan Rybkin 1994–1996 5 January 1946
Boris Gryzlov 2003–2011 15 December 1950
Sergey Naryshkin 2011–2016 27 October 1954

See also


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