Central Sulawesi

Central Sulawesi
Sulawesi Tengah

Mountains, rice fields and pile houses near Palu


Motto: Maliu Ntinuvu (Palu)
(Unites All The Elements and The Potential that Exists)

Location of Central Sulawesi in Indonesia
Coordinates: 1°00′S 121°00′E / 1.000°S 121.000°E / -1.000; 121.000Coordinates: 1°00′S 121°00′E / 1.000°S 121.000°E / -1.000; 121.000
Country Indonesia
Capital Palu
  Governor Drs. H. Longki Djanggola, M.Si (Gerindra)
  Vice Governor Sudarto
  Total 61,841.29 km2 (23,877.06 sq mi)
Population (2014)
  Total 2,839,290
  Density 46/km2 (120/sq mi)
  Ethnic groups Butung (23%)
Kaili (20%)
Bugis (19%)
Tolaki (16%)
Muna (15%)
Gorontaloan (7%)
  Religion Islam (76.6%)
Protestantism (17.3%)
Roman Catholicism (3.2%)
Hinduism (2.7%)
Buddhism (0.16%)
  Languages Indonesian (official)
Time zone WITA (UTC+8)
Vehicle registration DN
HDI Steady 0.664 (Medium)
HDI rank 25th (2014)

Central Sulawesi (Indonesian: Sulawesi Tengah) is a province of Indonesia located at the centre of the island of Sulawesi. Its capital and largest city is Palu. The 2010 census recorded a population of 2,633,420 for the province, while the latest official estimate (for January 2014) is 2,839,290.

Established in 1964, Central Sulawesi has an area of 61,841.29 km2 (23,877 sq mi).[1] It is bordered by the provinces of Gorontalo to the north, West Sulawesi, South Sulawesi and South East Sulawesi to the south, by Maluku to the east, and by the Makassar Strait to the west.


Megalithic stone in Central Sulawesi

There are over 400 granite megaliths in the area of the Lore Lindu National Park, of which around 30 represent human forms. They vary in size from a few centimetres to approximately 4.5 metres (15 ft). The original purpose of the megaliths is unknown.[2] Other megaliths are in form of large pots (Kalamba) and stone plates (Tutu'na). Various archaeological studies have dated the carvings from between 3000 BC to 1300 AD.[3]

Central Sulawesi Province has many caves, seven of which have ancient pictures and, based on 2011 research by a joint Indonesian and Australian team, the pictures are known to have been drawn at least 40,000 years ago (about the same age as pictures found in the Caves of Monte Castillo, Spain which are known as the oldest ancient pictures in Europe).[4]

Islam reached the region in the 17th century, shortly after the Islamic avowal of Gowa, the powerful kingdom at the south part of the Sulawesi island. The Dutch colonial rule was established in the 18th century and began the protestantic missionary of the population. About a quarter of them are now Protestant, which is the highest percentage of the Indonesien archipelago. After the Japanese occupation in the Second World War, the region belonged to the Province North Sulawesi and separated in 1964 to the new formed Province Central Sulawesi.

Between 1999 and 2001 the region has been plagued by inter-religious violence between Muslims and Christians, where over 1,000 people were killed.[5] The Malino II Accord was thus made in 2001. However, riots erupted again in September 2006 on the Christian dominated areas of Central Sulawesi, after the execution by firing squad of three Roman Catholics convicted of leading Christian militants during the violence of the early first decade of the 21st century.[6] The riots appeared to be aimed at government authorities, not Muslims.[6]

Administrative divisions

Central Sulawesi is divided into twelve regencies (kabupaten) and one city (kota), which are listed below with their populations at the 2010 Census and according to the latest (for January 2014) estimates.

Name Area (km2) Population
Census 2000
Census 2010
Estimate 2014
Palu (city)395.06269,083335,297362,621 Palu
Banggai Regency 271,725323,872348,715 Luwuk
Banggai Islands Regency 141,175171,685184,933 Salakan
Banggai Laut Regency included in
Banggai Islands
included in
Banggai Islands
included in
Banggai Islands
Buol Regency 98,005132,381142,589 Buol
Donggala Regency10,472732,126277,236299,143 Banawa
Morowali Regency 160,797206,189222,317 Bungku
North Morowali Regency included in
included in
included in
Parigi Moutong Regency6,232*413,645445,652 Parigi
Poso Regency 232,765209,252225,449 Poso
Sigi Regency5,196*214,700231,700 Sigi Biromaru
Tojo Una-Una Regency #137,880148,494 Ampana
Toli-Toli Regency 173,525211,283227,677 Toli-Toli
Total Province 61,8412,175,9932,633,4202,839,290 Palu
* The 2000 Census populations for Parigi Moutong Regency and Sigi Regency are included in the figure for Donggala Regency.
# The 2000 Census population for Tojo Una-Una Regency is included in the figure for Poso Regency.

Palu is the provincial capital and the province's largest city. Other towns include Ampana, Banggai, Bungku, Buol, Donggala, Kolonodale, Luwuk, Parigi, Poso, and Toli-toli.


The decennial 2010 census recorded a population of 2,633,420 for the province, of which 1,349,225 are male and 1,284,195 are female. The population grew an average of 1.94% annually from the previous census.[7] There is some sort of religion interaction problems in this area[8] Most of the population are Muslims (76,6%).


Average annual population growth between 1990 and 2000 was 2.57% and 1.96% from 2000 to 2010.

Historical population
1971 913,662    
1980 1,289,635+41.2%
1990 1,711,327+32.7%
1995 1,938,071+13.2%
2000 2,218,435+14.5%
2010 2,635,009+18.8%
2014 2,839,290+7.8%
Source: Badan Pusat Statistik 2010 and 2014


Seaweed production

Morowali Regency, Central Sulawesi, is projected to be the biggest seaweed producer in Indonesia for the near future. The seaweed farming types are glaciria.[9] In 2010, Central Sulawesi produced nearly 800,000 tons of seaweed.[10]


Lore Lindu National Park

Lore Lindu National Park is in the highlands south of Palu,

Paragliding Open Tournament

In June 2011, an 'Indonesia Open' Paragliding Tournament in which 8 foreign countries participated was held in the province. The participating countries were Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, Romania, Czech Republic, Bulgaria, France, Russia and the Philippines.[11]

See also


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