A caul is an historical headress worn by women that covers tied-up hair. A fancy caul could be made of satin, velvet, fine silk or brocade, although a simple caul would commonly be made of white linen or cotton. The caul could be covered by a crespine or a hairnet to secure it from falling off.
During the second half of the thirteenth century, network caps, more properly called "Cauls", came into fashion for ladies' wear. These headdresses were shaped like bags, made of gold, silver or silk network. At first they fit fairly close to the head, the edge, band or rim being placed high up on the forehead, to show some hair on the temples and around the nape; they enclosed the head and hair, and were secured by a circlet or fillet. Jewels were often set at intervals in the band, also at the intersections of the cross-bars.
- Herbert Norris (1999). Medieval Costume and Fashion. Dover Publications. p. 181.
- Hilda Amphlett (2012). Hats: A History of Fashion in Headwear. Dover Publications. ISBN 0-486-42746-3.
- Georgine de Courtais (2013). Women's Hats, Headdresses and Hairstyles. Dover Publications. ISBN 0-486-44850-9.
- A Crowning Glory: Hairstyles and Headwear In Venice
- Medieval Woman's Hairstyles & Headwear 1327–1485