Infanta Catherine Michelle of Spain
|Infanta Catherine Michelle|
|Duchess consort of Savoy|
10 October 1567|
6 November 1597 30) (aged|
|Spouse||Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy|
Isabella, Hereditary Princess of Modena|
Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy
Margaret, Vicereine of Portugal
Thomas Francis, Prince of Carignano
|Father||Philip II of Spain|
|Mother||Elisabeth of Valois|
Catherine Michelle of Spain (Spanish: Catalina Micaela de Austria; 10 October 1567 – 6 November 1597) was a Duchess consort of Savoy by marriage to Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy: she also served as Regent of Savoy several times during the absence of her spouse. She was the youngest surviving daughter of Philip II of Spain and Elisabeth of Valois; she was also the sister of Isabella Clara Eugenia, Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands.
Catherine Michelle was described as beautiful, intelligent, arrogant and well aware of her high social status. She had a good relationship with her father and exchanged letters with him after her marriage. Charles Emmanuel I suggested the marriage as a way of gaining Spanish support for his plans to expand Savoy on the coast of the then weakened France. The wedding took place in Zaragoza on 11 March 1585 and the couple made their entrance to Turin in Savoy 10 August 1585.
Catherine Michelle was initially unpopular because of her arrogance and tried to introduce Spanish pomp, ceremony and way of dress to the Court in Turin. However, she soon gained respect because of her political and diplomatic skill, which she used to defend the autonomy of Savoy against Spain. She refused the Spanish offer to install a Spanish garrison in Turin from Milan with the excuse of giving her a life guard. She is reported to have had great influence on Charles Emmanuel I and to have reformed him for the better. She also served as regent several times during the absence of the duke on military campaigns, such as during the Lyon campaign in 1594. Catherine Michelle also benefited cultural life in Savoy, founded many new buildings including an art gallery and invited several artists such as Torquato Tasso, Chiabrera, Marini, Tassoni and Botero.
Catherine Michelle died near the end of 1597; she had miscarried earlier that year. Her father died the following year. Her sister Isabella married Albert VII, Archduke of Austria, and later became Governess of the Netherlands.
In 1584, she married Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy. This marriage produced ten children:
- Philip Emanuel (1586–1605)
- Victor Amadeus (1587–1637)
- Emanuel Filibert of Savoy, (1588–1624), Spanish Viceroy of Sicily, (1622–24).
- Margaret (1589–1655), married Francesco IV Gonzaga of Mantua
- Isabella (1591–1626), married Alfonso III d'Este, duke of Modena
- Maurice, a cardinal (1593–1657)
- Maria Apollonia, a nun in Rome (1594–1656)
- Francesca Caterina, a nun in Biella (1595–1640)
- Thomas Francis, Prince of Carignano (1596–1656), Founder of the House of Savoy-Carignano and ancestor of the erstwile ruling Family of Italy
- Anna (born 1597)
|Ancestors of Infanta Catherine Michelle of Spain|
- Vincent Joseph Pitts, Henri IV of France: His Reign and Age, (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009), 311.
- Yves-Marie Bercé, The Birth of Absolutism: A History of France, 1598-1661, (MacMillan Press Ltd, 1996), 8.
- Paola Rapelli, Symbols of Power in Art, (Getty Publications, 2011), 265
- Paola Rapelli, Symbols of Power in Art, 265
Margaret of France, Duchess of Berry
|Duchess consort of Savoy
| Succeeded by|
Christine Marie of France