Carnegie Hero Fund

This article is about U.S. Carnegie Hero Fund Commission. For the UK Carnegie Hero Fund Trust, see Carnegie Hero Fund Trust.
Andrew Carnegie

The Carnegie Hero Fund Commission, also known as Carnegie Hero Fund, was established to recognize persons who perform extraordinary acts of heroism in civilian life in the United States and Canada, and to provide financial assistance for those disabled and the dependents of those killed saving or attempting to save others. Those chosen for recognition receive the Carnegie Medal[1] and become eligible for scholarship aid and other benefits. A private operating foundation, the Hero Fund was established in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in 1904 with a trust fund of $5 million by Andrew Carnegie, a Scottish-American industrialist and philanthropist.


The fund was inspired by Selwyn M. Taylor and Daniel A. Lyle, who gave their lives in rescue attempts following the Harwick Mine disaster in Harwick, Pennsylvania, just outside Pittsburgh, on January 25, 1904. The disaster claimed 181, including Taylor and Lyle, who were killed during rescue attempts. Greatly touched by Taylor's and Lyle's sacrifice, Carnegie had medals privately minted for their families, and within two months he wrote the Hero Fund's governing "Deed of Trust",[2] which was adopted by the newly created commission on April 15, 1904.


Administered by a 21-member board still based in Pittsburgh, the Hero Fund has awarded 9,893 medals as of September, 2016, and has given $38.5 million in one-time grants, scholarship aid, death benefits, and continuing assistance.[3] Recipients who have fully met awarding requirements have been selected from more than 88,000 nominees.[3] The Commission’s working definition of a hero as well as its requirements for awarding remain largely those that were approved by the founder. The candidate for an award must be a civilian who voluntarily risks his or her life to an extraordinary degree while saving or attempting to save the life of another person. The rescuer must have no full measure of responsibility for the safety of the victim. There must be conclusive evidence to support the act’s occurrence, and the act must be called to the attention of the Commission within two years. About 90% of the those awarded are male, and, over the life of the Fund, 20.7 percent of the awards have been given posthumously.[4]

Carnegie Medal

The three inch (7.13 cm) in diameter bronze medals which are given to awardees, are struck by Simons Brothers Co. of Philadelphia and consist of 90% copper and 10% zinc.[5]

A verse from the New Testament of the Bible encircles the outer edge: "Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends" (John 15:13).

The first medals issued by the trust were in bronze, silver and gold. The trust soon stopped issuing gold medals. The last silver medal was issued in 1981.[5]

Expanded into Europe

Dutch medal of the Carnegie Hero Fund.

On 21 September 1908, Andrew Carnegie expanded the concept with the establishment of the British Carnegie Hero Fund Trust, based in Dunfermline, Scotland.[6]

Within the next three years, the British trust was followed by equivalent foundations in nine other European countries:

See also


  1. "Awardees". Carnegie Hero Fund Commission. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
  2. "Deed of Trust". Carnegie Hero Fund Commission. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
  3. 1 2 "History of the Carnegie Hero Fund Commission". Carnegie Hero Fund Commission. Retrieved 11 October 2016.
  4. McDougall, Christopher (November 2007). "The Hidden Cost of Heroism". Men's Health. Retrieved 2010-09-08.
  5. 1 2 "Carnegie Medal". Carnegie Hero Fund Commission. Retrieved 18 December 2015.
  6. "Carnegie Hero Fund Trust, Registered Charity no. SC000729". Office of the Scottish Charity Regulator.

External links

Wikisource has the text of the 1920 Encyclopedia Americana article Carnegie Hero Fund.
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