Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs
|Motto||The Voice for Ethics in International Affairs|
|Type||International Relations Think tank|
|Joel H. Rosenthal|
The Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs is a New York City-based a 501(c)3 public charity serving international affairs professionals, teachers and students, and the attentive public. Founded in 1914, and originally named Church Peace Union, Carnegie Council is an independent and nonpartisan institution, aiming to be the foremost voice of ethics in international affairs. The Council focuses on, Ethics, War and Peace, Global Social Justice, and Religion in Politics as its three main themes. It is separate and independent from all other Carnegie philanthropies.
Carnegie Council publishes Ethics & International Affairs, a quarterly academic journal that examines the intersection of moral issues and the international sphere.
The Council convenes agenda-setting forums and creates educational opportunities and information resources for a worldwide audience of teachers and students, journalists, international affairs professionals, and concerned citizens. The Council's flagship publication is a quarterly scholarly journal, Ethics & International Affairs, which was launched in 1987. As an operating, rather than a grant-making foundation, the Council supports programs that it initiates and also works with partner organizations.
Church Peace Union (CPU)
The Carnegie Council was founded in 1914 by Andrew Carnegie in New York City. Carnegie gathered together numerous religious leaders, scientists and politicians, and appointed them trustees of a new organization, the Church Peace Union (CPU). Carnegie hoped to create, with the religious and secular leaders, a new moral leadership to prevent armed conflict. The CPU was established shortly before the outbreak of World War I. The planned international inaugural meeting, on Lake Constance, could not take place due to the outbreak of war. First President of the CPU was William P. Merrill. The first activities of the organization were educational programs, calls for reductions in military spending and an end to military education in public schools.
After the declaration of war by the US President Woodrow Wilson in April 1917, which led to internal disputes within the CPU, the leadership of the organization concluded in December 1917, to stand behind Wilson and the USA’s involvement in the war. Henry A. Atkinson was General Secretary of the CPU in 1918.
Between the World Wars, the CPU worked towards strengthening the League of Nations and promoted the American influence to resolve international conflicts. At the same time, in the 1920s, they tried to prevent an international naval arms race, and fought against discrimination of Japanese Americans. During the Great Depression, the CPU called for stronger government interventions in the economy. During World War II, the CPU supported the American government in its efforts to establish the United Nations. After World War II, the CPU helped with the establishment of the United Nations and fought for the prevention of nuclear proliferation. From 1950 to 1985, the organization published the monthly magazine Worldview.
Council on Religion and International Affairs (CRIA)
In 1961, the CPU was renamed the “Council on Religion and International Affairs” (CRIA) and appointed William A. Loos as president in 1963, Loos had been executive director since 1955. CRIA focused its work on the study of moral dimensions of a wide range of issues, especially dangers of a crusading moralism in US foreign policy. In the 1960s and 1970s, CRIA was a strong supporter of the US Civil Rights Movement and led open debates on the Vietnam War. In 1977, the Council put forth the “CRIA Distinguished Lectures on Ethics and Foreign Policy,” which was later renamed the “[Hans_Morgenthau|Morgenthau] Memorial Lecture.”
Robert Myers became the new president of CRIA in 1980, which the defeat of Apartheid in South Africa began in the 1980s and 1990s. Throughout this time, the council also lead programs on environmental policy and bioethics.
Carnegie Council on Ethics and International Affairs (CCEIA)
CRIA changed its name in 1986, to the “Carnegie Council on Ethics and International Affairs” (CCEIA). Since 1987, the council published its quarterly scholarly journal, Ethics & International Affairs. Successor of Robert J. Myers as president in 1995 was Joel H. Rosenthal. In the 2000s, after the attacks of 9/11 and the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, the CCEIA fought against cruel treatment and torture.
Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs
The Carnegie Council is mainly funded through an endowment from Andrew Carnegie. Other sources of funding come from grants, donations, and membership dues. The Carnegie Council is a 501(c)(3) public charity.
- Ethics & International Affairs - "Carnegie Council's flagship publication, this is an interdisciplinary resource for scholars, students, and policy analysts concerned with the moral dimensions of global issues. The journal covers global justice, civil society, democratization, international law, intervention, sanctions, and related topics."
- Morgenthau Lectures - "Named for famed international relations scholar Hans Morgenthau, the annual Morgenthau Memorial Lecture series is the longest-running public education initiative of the Carnegie Council, showcasing today's most distinguished thinkers on ethics and international affairs."
- Public Affairs – consisting of more than 50 events each year, in which the speakers include well-known authors, Novel laureates, high-ranking UN officials, and people from the world of international affairs.
- US Global Engagement – is focused on the U.S. relations with partners throughout the established democracies, problematical allies, and states of deep concern.
- American Leadership Series – an independent program that evaluated various topics related to ethics in international security, and is a partnership between the Center for National American Security (CNSA) and Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs.
- Ethics Matter – memorable conversations featuring speakers with a passion for strong morals and commitment to their work even though they all come from different backgrounds, countries and professions.
- Carnegie New Leaders – the CNL program allows future leaders to meet with others who share their compassion for the global and ethical matters which play a key role in their success.
- Global Ethics Network – a platform enabling educational institutions and individuals around the world to explore the magnitude of international affairs by creating and sharing multimedia resources.
- 100 Carnegie Council – in celebration of the Carnegie Council’s 100s anniversary, the Ethics for a Connected World was put into place as a three-year project which connects public intellectuals, business leaders, policymakers, religious leaders, students, and educators worldwide, and enables them to see how mutual ethical and moral values can be used to fight international challenges.
- Global Ethical Dialogues – a multi-year project, which is part of the Council’s Centennial programs, in which societies across the world are connected in the pursuit for global ethics, and shared values in order to overcome problems placed on the national boundaries.
Notable authors and speakers
- "Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs". Charity Navigator. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
- "Carnegie Council History". Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- "Timeline". Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- "Programs". Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs. November 2014. Retrieved 16 November 2014.