Carlos, Duke of Parma
|Duke of Parma|
|Head of the House of Bourbon-Parma|
|Period||18 August 2010 – present|
|Heir||Hereditary Prince Carlos|
27 January 1970|
|Spouse||Annemarie Gualthérie van Weezel (m. 2010)|
Carlos Hugo of Bourbon-Parma|
Princess Luisa of Bourbon-Parma
Princess Cecilia of Bourbon-Parma
Carlos, Hereditary Prince of Parma
|Father||Carlos Hugo, Duke of Parma|
|Mother||Princess Irene of the Netherlands|
|Parmese Ducal Family|
HRH The Duke
HRH The Count of Bardi
|Dutch Royal Family|
Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Parma, Duke of Parma and Piacenza (born 27 January 1970) is the current head of the Royal and Ducal House of Bourbon-Parma, as well a member of the Dutch Royal Family. He is the uncontested traditional claimant to the defunct throne of the Duchy of Parma under the name Carlo V (English: Charles V), and is a contested pretender to the Carlist claim to the throne of Spain under the name Carlos Javier II (English: Charles Xavier II).
Prince Carlos was born in Nijmegen in the Netherlands as the eldest child of the late Carlos Hugo, Duke of Parma and Princess Irene of the Netherlands. He has two younger sisters Princess Margarita and Princess Carolina, and one younger brother Prince Jaime. Carlos spent his youth in several countries including the Netherlands, Spain, France, England, and the United States. In 1981, when he was eleven, his parents divorced. Together with his mother and his siblings he then moved to Soestdijk Palace (Baarn) in the Netherlands. He lived at the palace for a number of years with his grandparents, Queen Juliana of the Netherlands and Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands.
Education and career
After completing his studies Carlos worked for the company ABN AMRO in Amsterdam, where he was involved with preparations for the introduction of the euro. He then worked for a while in Brussels as a public affairs consultant for the company European Public Policy Advisors (EPPA). Since 2007 he has been engaged in projects concerning sustainability in the business world.
Royal representative assignments
Carlos is sometimes present at representative occasions concerning the royal house of the Netherlands. In 2003 he was involved, together with his aunt, Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands, in the inauguration of the "Prince Claus Leerstoel", a professorship named after the former queen's consort, Prince Claus of the Netherlands. During special events of the royal house he is regularly present. For example, he was one of the organizers of the wedding celebration of Prince Constantijn and Princess Laurentien of the Netherlands.
Relationship with Brigitte Klynstra and son
Prince Carlos had a relationship with Brigitte Klynstra (born 10 January 1959), the stepdaughter of Count Adolph van Rechteren Limpurg. During this relationship he fathered a son:
- Carlos Hugo Roderik Sybren Klynstra (born 20 January 1997 in Nijmegen). In December 2015, the then 18 year old Carlos Hugo Roderik Sybren Klynstra started the legal procedure to attempt to change his surname to that of his biological father, by Royal decree. If Carlos Hugo were to succeed in this procedure he would then be legitimised and would henceforth be known as His Royal Highness Prince Carlos Hugo Roderik Sybren de Bourbon de Parme. On the 9th of March 2016 the Minister of Security and Justice declared his request valid and therefore Carlos Hugo Roderik Sybren Klynstra's last name will be changed by Royal decree into "De Bourbon de Parme", and he will be "Prince de Bourbon de Parme".The exact date of this Royal Decree is not yet released, but is expected to be released in the usual timespan of 6 months.
Marriage with Annemarie Gualthérie van Weezel
On 7 October 2009 it was announced through his mother's private secretary that Prince Carlos would marry Annemarie Cecilia Gualthérie van Weezel. The civil marriage took place on 12 June 2010 at Wijk bij Duurstede. The church wedding was to have taken place at the La Cambre Abbey in Ixelles on 28 August, but it was postponed owing to his father's illness. Prince Carlos Hugo died shortly afterwards.
Annemarie (born The Hague, 18 December 1977) is the daughter of Johan (Hans) Stephan Leonard Gualthérie van Weezel and Ank de Visser. Her father was a member of the House of Representatives of the Netherlands for the Christian Democratic party, the Dutch ambassador to the Council of Europe in Strasbourg, and the ambassador in Luxembourg. Gualthérie van Weezel's paternal grandfather is Jan Hans Gualthérie van Weezel, who was the head of the police in The Hague and member of the Dutch resistance during the Second World War. Annemarie Gualthérie van Weezel went to secondary school in Strasbourg and obtained a Master of Laws degree at the University of Utrecht. Subsequently she completed a post-graduate study in Radio- and Television journalism at the University of Groningen. Gualthérie van Weezel works as a parliamentary journalist in The Hague and Brussels for the Dutch public channel NOS. In Brussels, she met Prince Carlos for the first time.
On 2 August 2010, it was revealed that the health of his father, the Duke of Parma, was quickly deteriorating due to cancer. As a consequence, the church wedding of the prince Carlos and his fiancée was delayed.In a final announcement about his condition, the Duke confirmed Carlos as the next Head of the House of Bourbon-Parma. Just before his death the Duke of Parma created Annemarie Countess of Molina in his capacity as sovereign in pretence.
Prince Carlos's father died on 18 August 2010 in Barcelona, Spain, at the age of 80; Carlos subsequently became the next Duke of Parma and Head of the House of Bourbon-Parma.
The new Duke of Parma and Annemarie were married on 20 November 2010 in La Cambre Abbey. Together they have two daughters and one son:
- Princess Luisa Irene Constance Anna Maria of Bourbon-Parma (born 9 May 2012, The Hague).
She was baptised in Parma by the Bishop of Parma, Enrico Solmi, on September 29, 2012, her godparents are: Princess Irene of the Netherlands (paternal grandmother), Ank Gualthérie van Weezel - De Visser (maternal grandmother), Prince Jaime, Count of Bardi (paternal uncle), Constance Mensink Gualthérie van Weezel (maternal aunt), Princess Maria Francisca of Bourbon-Parma (great-aunt) and Countess Franca Zanardi Landi di Veano.
- Princess Cecilia Maria Johanna Beatrix of Bourbon-Parma (born 17 October 2013, The Hague).
She was baptised in Piacenza on 5 April 2014, her godparents are: Johan Gualthérie of Weezel (maternal grandfather), Princess Margarita of Bourbon-Parma (paternal aunt), Beatrix of the Netherlands (maternal grandmother's sister), Princess Cecilia of Bourbon-Parma (great-aunt) and Véronique Kakebeeke - Gualthérie van Weezel (first cousin).
- Carlos Enrique Leonard, Hereditary Prince of Parma (born 24 April 2016, The Hague).
He was baptised in Parma on 25 September 2016, his godparents are: King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands (father's first cousin), Princess Marie des Neiges of Bourbon-Parma (great-aunt), Duarte Pio, Duke of Braganza, Lodewijk Gualtherie van Weezel and Javier Lubelza Roca.
Titles, styles and honours
Carlos, Duke of Parma
|Reference style||His Royal Highness|
|Spoken style||Your Royal Highness|
Titles and styles
- 27 January 1970 – 7 May 1977: His Royal Highness Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Parma
- 7 May 1977 – 18 August 2010: His Royal Highness The Hereditary Prince of Parma
- 18 August 2010 – Present: His Royal Highness The Duke of Parma and Piacenza
- Officially in the Netherlands: 15 mei 1996 – Present: His Royal Highness Prince Carlos de Bourbon de Parme
- Netherlands: Recipient of the King Willem-Alexander Investiture Medal
- Netherlands: Recipient of the Wedding Medal 2002 (The Prince of Orange and Miss Máxima Zorreguieta)
- San Marino:Grand Cross Order of San Marino
International sovereign organisations
- House of Bourbon-Parma: Sovereign Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Parmese Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George
- House of Bourbon-Parma: Sovereign Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Saint Louis for Civil Merit
- House of Bourbon-Parma: Sovereign Knight of the Order of St. George for Military Merit
- Carlism: Sovereign Knight of the Order of the Legitimidad Proscrita
- LL.AA.RR. Il Duca e la Duchessa di Parma e Piacenza – Website of the Royal and Ducal House of Bourbon-Parma (Italian)
- Mensaje al Pueblo Carlista de S.M.C. Don Carlos Javier II de Borbón, Rey de Las Españas – blogspot El Carlismo contra Globalizatión (Spanish)
- El primogénito de Carlos Hugo de Borbón – Nuevo pretendiente carlista a la corona de España – website news agency Europa Press (Spanish)
- "Bezwaarschrift prins Carlos afgewezen". Blauw Bloed (in Dutch). Retrieved 2016-03-14.
- News of the House of Parma (in Spanish) Archived 5 February 2005 at the Wayback Machine.
- Interview in the French magazine Point de Vue, edition 13–20 October 2010: Carlos & Annemarie de Bourbon de Parme, Les amoureux de Parme
- "Maxima shares Prince Carlos' joy as he weds his princess-bride". Hello Magazine. 24 November 2010.
- "Image: carlos-duke-of-parma-annemarie-gualth-rie-van_3637244.jpg, (500 × 333 px)". contactmusic.com. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- "Image: Carlo+Saverio.jpg, (720 × 483 px)". 2.bp.blogspot.com. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- "Image: carlos-duke-of-parma-annemarie-gualth-rie-van_3637262.jpg, (500 × 750 px)". contactmusic.com. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- "Image: 1282032-prince-carlos-of-bourbon-parma-and-950x0-2.jpg, (950 × 682 px)". static1.purepeople.com. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- "Image: Inauguration+King+Willem+Alexander+Queen+Beatrix+JjT2DHaBV6ym.jpg, (360 × 240 px)". www4.pictures.zimbio.com. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- "Image: bourbon-parma2--a.jpg, (530 × 700 px)". hellomagazine.com. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- "Ordine al Merito Militare di San Giorgio di Lucca". borboneparma.it. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- "https://royalhats.files.wordpress.com/2014/04/2014-04-05-bourbon-parma-christening-21.jpg?w=869". royalhats.files.wordpress.com. Retrieved 5 September 2015. External link in
- "www.borboneparma.it". borboneparma.it. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- "Image: Carlos-Duke-Parma-Annemarie-Gualthérie-van-Weezel-walked.jpg, (1459 × 2048 px)". media3.popsugar-assets.com. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- "http://8www.ecestaticos.com/imagestatic/clipping/ee8/5dc/2d2/ee85dc2d211846d0392f083e57885cfe.jpg?mtime=1414148161". 8www.ecestaticos.com. Retrieved 5 September 2015. External link in
- "Image: carlos javier en la rioja.jpeg, (647 × 231 px)". lavoz.circulocarlista.com. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- "Image: 527076_4324499828264_1419306276_n.jpg, (765 × 510 px)". 4.bp.blogspot.com. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
Carlos, Duke of ParmaBorn: 27 January 1970
|Titles in pretence|
|— TITULAR —
Duke of Parma
2010 – present
Reason for succession failure:
Annexed by Kingdom of Italy
Hereditary Prince Carlos
|— TITULAR —|
King of Spain
Reason for succession failure:
|Lines of succession|
Prince Alessandro of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
|Legitimist line of succession to the French throne
| Succeeded by|
Hereditary Prince Carlos