|Born||12 February 1887|
|Died||August 10, 1961 74)(aged|
Swedish State Railways|
Geological Survey of Sweden
|Known for||Varve geochronology, Quaternary geology of Patagonia|
Caldenius worked as geotechnical engineer for the Swedish State Railways until 1922 when he started to work full-time with his Ph.D thesis "Ragundasjöns stratigrafi och geokronologi" (Stratigraphy and geochronology of Lake Ragunda) that he defended in 1924. In 1925 he travelled to Argentina as part of a Swedish-Argentine collaboration to extend the clay varve chronology of Gerard De Geer to the Southern Hemisphere. After returning to Swedsen in 1930 he joined an expedition to Australia and New Zealand where he applied knowledge of varves to study the Carboniferous Karoo Ice Age.