Cardiff City F.C.
|Full name||Cardiff City Football Club|
|Short name||CAR, CCFC, City|
|Founded||1899(as Riverside A.F.C.)|
|Ground||Cardiff City Stadium|
|Website||Club home page|
Cardiff City Football Club (Welsh: Clwb Pêl-droed Dinas Caerdydd) is a professional association football club based in the city of Cardiff, Wales. The team compete in the Championship, the second tier of the English football league system. They play their home games at the Cardiff City Stadium, after moving from Ninian Park in 2009.
The club was founded as Riverside A.F.C. in 1899 and is the only club from outside England to have won the FA Cup, doing so in 1927. The club won the Football League Championship title in the 2012–13 season and were promoted to the top flight for the first time in 51 years. This followed two lost national cup finals, the 2008 FA Cup Final against Portsmouth 0–1 and the 2012 Football League Cup Final against Liverpool, the latter being settled by a penalty shootout after a 2–2 draw in extra time.
Since 1908, the club's home colours have been blue and white, leading to a nickname of The Bluebirds, with the exception of a period between 2012 and 2015 when the club's owner, Vincent Tan, rebranded the club and changed the home colours to red. The club reverted to their traditional blue in January 2015.
Riverside A.F.C. was formed in 1899 as a way of keeping players from the Riverside Cricket Club together and in shape during the winter months. Their first season saw them playing friendlies against local sides at their Sophia Gardens ground, but in 1900 they joined the Cardiff & District League for their first competitive season. In 1905 Cardiff was granted city status by King Edward VII, and as a result the club put in a request to change their name to Cardiff City, but the request was turned down as they were deemed to be not playing at a high enough level. To combat this they arranged to join the South Wales Amateur League in 1907 and the following year they were granted permission to change the name of the club to Cardiff City.
Interest in the club began to rise during this time, but they were forced to turn down the opportunity to join the newly formed Southern League Second Division due to the lack of facilities at their Sophia Gardens ground. Over the next two years Cardiff welcomed many of Britain's top sides to Cardiff, including Middlesbrough, Bristol City and Crystal Palace, with the matches being played at various grounds in Cardiff and nearby towns. The club would eventually move into their new ground, Ninian Park, in 1910. The club made its first signing the following year with the acquisition of Jack Evans from fellow Welsh club Cwmparc FC.
With the new ground in place, Cardiff joined the Southern League Second Division, and Bartley Wilson was quick to hire the club's first manager in Davy McDougall, who became player-manager. Their first match was a 2–1 defeat to Aston Villa, in which new signing Evans scored the only Cardiff goal. They went on to finish in fourth place in their first year in the league. They stayed in the division for the next decade, apart from when the league was suspended due to the outbreak of World War I.
The club's most successful period so far was the 1920s in which they finished runners-up to Huddersfield Town in 1924 in the old Football League First Division on Goal Average, followed by two FA Cup Finals in 1925 against Sheffield United and in 1927 against Arsenal. The Final against Arsenal saw Cardiff become the only team to have taken the FA Cup out of England with a 1–0 victory. The final was also notable as it was the first to be broadcast to the nation by BBC Radio. Cardiff City and Swansea City are the only Welsh football clubs to have played at the highest level of English football.
Cardiff ended the 1914–15 season third in the Southern League table, before league football was suspended during the First World War. On the cessation of hostilities, Cardiff spent one final season in the Southern League, finishing fourth, before being invited to join the Football League Second Division as the strongest team in Wales, with the remaining Southern League clubs forming the new Football League Third Division.
On 30 August 1920, Cardiff City played their first Football League match at Ninian Park, when 25,000 supporters attended a scoreless draw with Clapton Orient. Cardiff City's first ever Football League victory at Ninian Park occurred only five days later, when Stockport County were beaten 3–0.
This early Cardiff City team showed more than enough class to match others in the League, and they were promoted to the top flight of English Football at the first attempt. In fact, the champions, Birmingham City, only pipped Cardiff City to the title on goal differential. The average gate for this season was 29,000. They also had a great run in the FA Cup reaching the semi-final stage, where they went out to Wolverhampton Wanderers after a replay.
Cardiff City now found themselves in the top tier of the Football League. On 21 January 1922, Len Davies scored the club's first ever top-flight hat-trick in a 6–3 win over Bradford City. Even though their first taste of top-flight football got off to a miserable start – they only recorded three points from their first seven matches – City's form improved and they eventually finished in fourth position.
1923–24 has proved to be the best ever in the league for Cardiff City. After a dramatic season in which they and Huddersfield Town competed for the Championship title, Cardiff went into the last game of the year, one point ahead of second-placed Huddersfield.
Huddersfield eventually beat their opponents on the day, Nottingham Forest by a scoreline of 3–0, meaning that for Cardiff City to lift their first ever league title they would have to overcome Birmingham City. With the scoreline deadlocked at 0–0, Cardiff City were awarded a penalty. Top scorer Len Davies took the spot kick, however he missed from 12 yards and Birmingham held out for a draw, meaning Cardiff would have to settle for 2nd spot on goal average. Although having scored one more goal than Huddersfield during the season, Cardiff also conceded one more meaning they had a worse scoring-to-conceding ratio of 1.794 compared with Huddersfield's 1.818, which meant Huddersfield won the First Division championship in the 1923–24 season. If goal difference had been used, Cardiff would have been champions.
The following season was the first time Cardiff City appeared at Wembley Stadium. In the first round of the FA Cup (then known as the English Cup), Cardiff City beat Darlington; this was followed by a 1–0 home win against Fulham in round two. The Bluebirds then travelled to Meadow Lane in Round 3 where they defeated Notts County 2–0 before an epic fourth round tie between Leicester City almost dashed Cardiff hearts. With the scores locked at 1–1, Welsh international Willie Davies scored directly from a corner with the last kick of the game to send Cardiff through to the Semi-Finals against Blackburn Rovers. Cardiff City tore the Rovers defence apart and raced away with a 3–1 victory to set up a final against Sheffield United. After a dour final played out in front of 91,763 fans, the game was decided by England international Fred Tunstall who scored the only goal in a 1–0 victory for Sheffield United.
The 1926–27 season was Cardiff's worst performance in the top tier of English Football since they had entered via promotion six seasons prior, and they finished in 14th position. However the 1926–27 season did not go down in the history books as another year in which Cardiff City ended it without a major trophy to show for their efforts. Cardiff entered the FA Cup competition in the 3rd round, where they met and defeated Aston Villa 2–1 at Ninian Park. Trips to Darlington and subsequently to Bolton Wanderers in the 4th and 5th rounds respectively, both finished with the same scorelines; 2–0 wins for Cardiff City.
In the quarter-finals, Cardiff met a youthful and promising side, in another away fixture, this time against Chelsea. A goalless draw was played at Stamford Bridge in front of a crowd of 70,184. The replay at Ninian Park was watched by 47,854. Having led 2–0 thanks to goals by Sam Irving and Len Davies, Cardiff City allowed Chelsea to get back into the fixture, and soon after half-time the scores were once again level at 2–2. As the tie began to look destined for another draw, Hughie Ferguson netted the winning goal from the penalty spot. At the Semi-Final stage, Cardiff City met Reading at Molineux and Cardiff ended up as comfortable 3–0 victors.
1927 FA Cup Final
On St George's Day, 23 April 1927, at Wembley Stadium in London, the FA Cup was taken out of England for the first time when Cardiff City beat Arsenal 1–0 in the Final, cult hero Hughie Ferguson scoring the only goal of the game.
In the 74th minute, collecting a throw from the right by George MacLachlan, Ferguson hurried a tame shot toward the Arsenal goal. Dan Lewis, the Arsenal goalkeeper, appeared to collect the ball but, under pressure from the advancing Len Davies, clumsily allowed the ball to roll through his grasp. In a desperate attempt to retrieve the ball Lewis only succeeded in knocking the ball with his elbow into his own net. Ernie Curtis, the 19-year-old centre-wing said of the goal:
|“||"I was in line with the edge of the penalty area on the right when Hughie Ferguson hit the shot which Arsenal's goalie had crouched down for a little early. The ball spun as it travelled towards him, having taken a slight deflection so he was now slightly out of line with it. Len Davies was following the shot in and I think Dan must have had one eye on him. The result was that he didn't take it cleanly and it squirmed under him and over the line. Len jumped over him and into the net, but never actually touched it."||”|
It is believed that this cup final attracted one of the largest audiences ever, as it was the first to be broadcast by BBC Radio. Captain Fred Keenor received the FA Cup trophy from King George V only seven years after Cardiff City had entered the Football League and six seasons since they had been promoted to the top division.
The commentators did not know how to tell people where the ball was being played, so a day before the game they brought out a notice with a picture of a pitch on it and squares with numbers on it, to tell people where the ball was on the pitch. Arsenal was always passing back to the keeper, which was in square one, and the commentators said and the ball is back to square one and that is where the saying came from.
Ferguson still appears on the record books for Cardiff City, having scored five goals in the First Division fixture with Burnley on 1 September 1928. In fact, Ferguson's 32 goals in all competitions in 1926–27 stood until Robert Earnshaw overtook it in March 2003. He scored the first in the 2–1 victory over the Corinthians in the 1927–28 Charity Shield and his two goals won the Welsh Cup later that same season for Cardiff against Bangor; but despite a healthy return of 77 goals during his four seasons there his days at Ninian Park were numbered.
Further 1920s success
That FA Cup Final win was not the end of their cup exploits that season; they also won the Welsh Cup defeating Rhyl by a scoreline of 2–0 — making Cardiff the only team to win the national cup of two different countries in the same season — and would go on to win the FA Charity Shield after beating the Corinthians 2–1 at Stamford Bridge.
The following season, 1927–28, once again resulted in a top flight, top-six finish for Cardiff City. Having led the Championship for a brief spell during mid-season, their performances began to tail off, and they had to settle for sixth place.
In the 1928–29 season, Cardiff City were relegated from the First Division of the Football League, despite conceding the fewest goals of all teams in the division that year. However, this was only a sign of things to come for the Bluebirds, and after two seasons in the Second Division, they were once again relegated in 1931 into Division 3 South having played 42 league matches, and only managing to win eight. During this time in the lowest division of recognised league football; Cardiff City were once again able to show some promise, and in fact recorded their biggest ever win in the Football League, when they beat Thames by a scoreline of 9–2. Results however continued to be below what was expected by the City faithful, and therefore in May 1933, Fred Stewart resigned after 22 years in charge of the club.
Bartley Wilson was chosen to replace Fred Stewart; however the results continued to be extremely disappointing, and in March 1934, Ben Watts-Jones, was given the opportunity to manage the club he had supported as a youngster. However, he was unable to turn the clubs' fortunes around by the end of the season, meaning Cardiff City were forced to apply for re-election after finishing bottom of the division. Watts-Jones remained in charge for another three years until he was replaced by Bill Jennings, a former Welsh international who had originally been brought to the club as trainer four years earlier.
To add to the club's woes, in January 1937 the centre stand at Ninian Park was destroyed by fire. However, this caused the fans and club members to pull together in order to save the club. The teams' results began to improve over the next two seasons, and in turn this meant that more fans were coming to Ninian Park to see their team's revival. The 1938–39 season saw the debut of a resourceful winger who would be a prominent member of future City sides, Billy Baker; however, a final league position of 13th in the division was not thought to be good enough by new chairman Herbert Merrett, and he appointed Cyril Spiers as secretary-manager to replace Jennings for the 1939–40 season. That season; Spiers set about changing the personnel, bringing in a number of new faces including Forward Trevor Morris from Ipswich and also young centre forward Wilf Wooller, a Welsh Rugby union International who was also to captain Glamorgan at Cricket. World War II led to the suspension of the Football League in September 1939; and this suspension continued until the 1947 Season.
Cardiff City were crowned as champions of Division 3 South and returned to Second Division in 1946–47 season. They finished as runners-up and returned to top level after 23 years in 1951–52 season.
Following the return of the Football League, Cardiff chairman Sir Herbert Merrett established close links with Torquay United, after being a regular visitor to a hotel owned by the Torquay chairman. The arrangement saw any players Cardiff thought not good enough being offered to Torquay and Cardiff would get first refusal on any players who were thought good enough to make it in higher leagues. A number of players joined Cardiff from Torquay, the most successful being goalkeeper Phil Joslin, winger Mike Tiddy and forward Tommy Northcott. However the relationship soured after Cardiff allowed Harry Parfitt to join the Devon based side in the understanding they could have him back when required. In 1954 Cardiff offered £2500 to bring him back but Torquay demanded £5000. Despite the Torquay chairman being willing to let him return to Cardiff for £2500, several members of the club's board decided to block the move until a higher price was agreed. Cardiff eventually paid the £5000 asking price but subsequently broke off ties with Torquay.
During the 1960s Cardiff began qualifying for European competition for the first time through the Welsh Cup. Their first ever match in European competition was in the European Cup Winners Cup during the 1964–65 season against Danish side Esbjerg fB, winning 1–0 on aggregate over two legs, the only goal being scored by Peter King. They went on to reach the quarter-finals before being knocked out by Real Zaragoza. Despite their exploits in Europe, the club were still struggling in league competition under the stewardship of Jimmy Scoular, finishing in 20th position in Division Two. One high point at this time was the emergence of a 16-year-old striker named John Toshack who would go on to become an important part of the team for several years, along with his strike partner Brian Clark, before a high-profile switch to Liverpool.
Two years later the club would go on to reach the semi-final of the Cup Winners Cup, the furthest any non-top division club has ever gone in European competition (the record was eventually equalled by Atalanta in 1988). Wins over Shamrock Rovers, NAC Breda, and Torpedo Moscow set up a tie with German side Hamburg, whose squad contained a number of German internationals, Uwe Seeler being perhaps the most prominent example. After a 1–1 draw in the first leg, just over 43,000 fans turned out at Ninian Park to watch Hamburg win 3–2. Despite their defeat, the cup provided inspiration for the side and they managed to finish in a more stable 13th position, with their strike partnership of Clark and Toshack finishing the season with 39 goals between them. Defeats against FC Porto and Göztepe saw them knocked out in the opening rounds of the tournament during the next two seasons.
At the start of the 1970–71 season, the club paid £35,000 for midfielder Ian Gibson from Coventry City to provide support for Clark and Toshack up front, but the strikeforce was broken up three months later when Toshack was sold to Liverpool for £110,000. The club paid £40,000 to bring Alan Warboys in from Sheffield Wednesday as a replacement but missed out on promotion by finishing third. Although the sale of Toshack did hamper the team's progress, they did manage to reach the quarter-finals of the Cup Winners Cup where they faced Spanish giants Real Madrid. The first leg of the tie was held at Ninian Park where 47,000 fans watched one of the most famous victories in the club's history when Brian Clark headed in to give Cardiff a 1–0 win. Despite going out after losing the second leg 2–0 the result would still go down in the club's history. The club remained old Second Division except seasons of 1975–76 and 1982–83.
Between 1985 and 1993, Cardiff were continuously in the lower two divisions of the league after being relegated to the Third Division. They were relegated to the Fourth Division once in 1985–86 season and were promoted back up in 1987–88 as runners-up. Two years later they dropped back down. Cardiff won the new Division Three championship in 1993 but were relegated two years later, and in 1996 finished in their lowest-ever league position – 22nd of 24 in Division Three, with only Scarborough and Torquay United below them. They did better the following season, finishing seventh (although they lost in the playoff semi-final), but suffered a setback and slipped into the bottom half of the table in 1998. They finished third in Division Three in 1999 and won automatic promotion to Division Two.
The club also endured a high turnover of managers during this era, with two successful managers being Eddie May, manager of their promotion winning team in 1993, and Frank Burrows, manager of the promotion winning side in 1999.
Cardiff struggled in Division Two throughout the 1999–2000 season and were relegated in 21st place. They finished as Division Three runners-up the following season and Lebanese businessman Sam Hammam joined the club.
2000–: Recent history
Having sold his interests in Wimbledon, Hammam purchased control of Cardiff City in August 2000. Shortly after taking over at Cardiff, Hammam controversially pledged to get the entire Welsh nation to support Cardiff by renaming the club "The Cardiff Celts" and changing the club colours to green, red and white. However, after lengthy talks with senior players and fans, he decided that the best policy was not to change the name of the club; however the club crest was redesigned. This new design incorporated the Cardiff City bluebird in front of the Flag of Saint David; and featured the Club's nickname superimposed at the top of the crest.
Lennie Lawrence guided Cardiff to promotion via a Division Two playoff triumph in 2003 against Queens Park Rangers, substitute Andy Campbell came off the bench to score the only goal in extra time and ensure Cardiff returned to Division One after an 18-year absence.
The Bluebirds established themselves in Division One. After failing to get the new stadium plans agreed by Cardiff Council, due to concerns over financial security in 2006, Hammam agreed to a takeover by a consortium led by new chairman Peter Ridsdale and including the lead developer of the new stadium, Paul Guy. However, the takeover was in doubt until 22 December 2006 with the club in threat of administration until the consortium agreed to pay Hammam's company Rudgwick an extra £500,000 and £90,000 to Hammam's brother. Ex-Wales rugby captain Mike Hall said after the deal was completed: "That was money which would have been spent on players. But instead it's gone into Sam's pocket. It was the only way the deal was going to be done. I know people say he's a complex character, but at the end it was total greed and self-interest. It was amazing, but football is a murky world."
The club added several big-name signings for the 2007–08 season, with Robbie Fowler, Jimmy Floyd Hasselbaink and Trevor Sinclair all joining the club. Cardiff reached the semi-final of the FA Cup for the first time in 81 years after beating Middlesbrough 2–0 on 9 March. After coming through their semi-final against Barnsley with a 1–0 win at Wembley Stadium on 6 April with a goal from Joe Ledley, they eventually lost 1–0 to Portsmouth in the final.
Throughout that season the club were involved in a court case with financial backers Langston over the repayment of a £31m loan taken out by former chairman Sam Hammam in 2004. The Langston Corporation claimed that the club had broken its agreement with the company and began legal proceedings in order to force Cardiff to repay the loan back immediately. In March the two parties attended a meeting at the High Court as Langston sought a summary judgement meaning that the club would be forced to pay back the loan without a full trial, but the claim was rejected by the High Court judge. During the procedures the club told the High Court it believed that former chairman Hammam was behind the company. Chairman Peter Ridsdale has called for talks with Langston in an attempt to prevent the case going to a full trial in the future.
After the FA Cup final, Cardiff built on their success, almost qualifying for the 2008–09 Premier League playoffs, finishing in seventh position in the Championship. During the January transfer window they kept hold of star players, such as £2 million-rated Joe Ledley and added Quincy Owusu-Abeyie, Chris Burke and Michael Chopra to the side. The £4 million fee for Chopra dwarfed the previous record transfer fee paid by the club for a player which stood at £1.75 million for Peter Thorne from Stoke City in 2001.
Before the 2009–10 season, Ridsdale travelled to the Far East to try to get a business deal which he promised would see Cardiff's debt problem resolved, as well as the creation of an academy in the Far East. No investment was forthcoming, but Malaysian businessman Dato' Chan Tien Ghee was an addition to the club's board. Having staved off a winding-up order from HMRC under a payment agreement, in November 2009, Ridsdale offered a "Golden Ticket" scheme to fans, such that, if they bought their 2010–11 season ticket before 6 January 2010, then they would not see a rise on prices for five years, and all monies raised would be spent on players in the January 2010 transfer window. However, on 27 January 2010, Ridsdale admitted that in addition to the "Golden Ticket" money not being spent on players, club assets would be sold to fulfil a £2.7 million tax bill and avert another winding-up order. Cardiff finished the league as 4th and qualified to 2009–10 Premier League playoffs. They eliminated Leicester City in the semi-finals but lost the final 3–2 to Blackpool.
Datuk Chan Tien Ghee (TG) took over as chairman on 27 May 2010 after a meeting on the same day, with Vincent Tan also investing and joining the board. TG confirmed that Dave Jones would continue as the Cardiff City manager. On 17 August Cardiff signed Wales captain Craig Bellamy on a season-long loan from Manchester City, with the financial side being backed by the new owners. Despite the influx of Bellamy and several other loan players, Cardiff were unable to achieve promotion, falling out of the top two and losing to Reading in the play-off semi-final. At the end of 2010–11 season, Dave Jones was sacked, and four days later former Wales rugby player, Mike Hall rejoined the board as part of a deal with PMG. On 17 June 2011, Watford boss Malky Mackay was appointed as manager of Cardiff. During his first season, Mackay had to rebuild the squad, as loan players from the previous season returned to parent clubs and several contracts expired. Despite this he took Cardiff to the League Cup final for the first time in the club's history. Cardiff also played in their third consecutive play-off campaign, only to lose in the semi-finals against West Ham United.
Cardiff changed their home colours to red and black as well as their badge from the 2012–13 season, in exchange for an investment plan from the Malaysian owners including a new training facility, stadium expansion and a transfer budget. They went on to have their best start to a league campaign ever, whilst also breaking the club record of nine consecutive home wins, when they won their tenth home game against former manager Dave Jones' Sheffield Wednesday side.
Cardiff topped the Championship with a 10-point cushion after 28 games of the season. On 1 March 2013, Datuk Chan Tien Ghee resigned his position as chairman to pursue other business opportunities. The club won the 2012–13 Championship title and with it gained promotion to the Premier League for the first time.
On 18 August 2013, Cardiff played their first ever Premier League game away to West Ham United, losing 2–0. A week later, they played their first home Premier League game against Manchester City, winning 3–2 with goals from Aron Gunnarsson and two from Fraizer Campbell. Cardiff only won two more games before the turn of the year, including against fierce rivals Swansea City On 27 December, a day after Cardiff lost 3–0 at home to Southampton, Malky Mackay was sacked by Vincent Tan following showdown talks. On 2 January 2014, it was announced that former Manchester United striker Ole Gunnar Solskjær would be Cardiff's new manager on a 12-month rolling contract. Cardiff were relegated back to the Championship following a 3–0 away defeat to Newcastle United.
Solskjær was sacked on 18 September 2014, and replaced by Leyton Orient manager Russell Slade. He began with a 2–1 home victory over a then unbeaten Nottingham Forest. On 2 January 2015, Cardiff beat League One strugglers Colchester United 3–1 in the FA Cup in front of the lowest ever recorded crowd of 4,194 at the Cardiff City Stadium which prompted an emergency meeting of the Cardiff Board. A week later, the club announced an official statement that after deliberation with members of the board and chosen fans, the club's home colours would be changed back to blue with immediate effect.
The entity participating in the Premier League is "Cardiff City FC Limited", which is a member of the Football Association of Wales. It is a wholly owned subsidiary of "Cardiff City Football Club (Holdings) Limited", which is the ultimate parent company of the group. There is one shareholder owning 10% or more of the issued-share capital in the ultimate parent company, Vincent Tan, who holds 51%.
Principal shareholder Tan from Malaysia is founder, major shareholder and, until 2013, chairman of the Berjaya group of companies.
In January 2014, the club's financial records for the fiscal period up to May 2013 were revealed. According to the released figures, Cardiff City have recorded a £30 million loss, taking their overall level of debt to £118 million, of which £66 million is owed to owner Vincent Tan from loans to the club, even after the Malaysian businessman converted £2.5 million into shares and wrote off £5 million in interest owed.
The accounts also show "life president" Sam Hammam’s Langston company was paid £22 million to address the historic debt it was owed, including a one-off payment of £15 million along with further non-interest bearing payments totalling £7 million over a seven-year period.
There was a reduction in revenue from £20 million in 2012 to just over £17 million in 2013. In terms of costs, the club’s wages and salaries rose from £18.5 million in 2012 to almost £30 million in 2013, the cost of sales increased by £13 million, and there was an £8 million increase in administration costs.
On 13 February 2014, the club's Chief Executive Officer Simon Lim stated that "the previous football management" acted in an "imprudent and careless" manner, through having the club "commit[ing]...to a significant cost and liability over a five year contract for Andreas Cornelius," a player who, according to Lim, "cost the club in total just under £10 million," thus forcing Cardiff City to "realise a large loss in excess of £8.5 million." Former manager Malky Mackay had defended the signing of Cornelius on the BBC Radio Wales Sport programme, on 6 February 2014: "When we signed him," he'd said, "[Cornelius] was a 20-year-old huge prospect, 6ft 4in, a centre-forward who had broken into the international team,... and Danish player of the year" and added that Cardiff "outbid another European team to get him." "Unfortunately for him he took a nasty ankle knock against Accrington that kept him out for the best part of three and a half months," said Mackay.
Kit manufacturers and shirt sponsors
|Period||Kit manufacturer||Shirt sponsor|
|1984–85||Merthyr Motor Auctions|
|1992–94||Bluebirds||South Wales Echo|
|2000–02||Ken Thorne Group|
|2011–14||Malaysia tourist board and BBC Cymru|
- 1920–21: Football League Second Division (2)
- 1921–29: Football League First Division (1)
- 1929–31: Football League Second Division (2)
- 1931–47: Football League Third Division (3)
- 1947–52: Football League Second Division (2)
- 1952–57: Football League First Division (1)
- 1957–60: Football League Second Division (2)
- 1960–62: Football League First Division (1)
- 1962–75: Football League Second Division (2)
- 1975–76: Football League Third Division (3)
- 1976–82: Football League Second Division (2)
- 1982–83: Football League Third Division (3)
- 1983–85: Football League Second Division (2)
- 1985–86: Football League Third Division (3)
- 1986–88: Football League Fourth Division (4)
- 1988–90: Football League Third Division (3)
- 1990–92: Football League Fourth Division (4)
- 1992–93: Football League Third Division (4)
- 1993–95: Football League Second Division (3)
- 1995–99: Football League Third Division (4)
- 1999–00: Football League Second Division (3)
- 2000–01: Football League Third Division (4)
- 2001–03: Football League Second Division (3)
- 2003–04: Football League First Division (2)
- 2004–13: Football League Championship (2)
- 2013–14: Premier League (1)
- 2014–: Football League Championship (2)
Cardiff City's most significant rivalry over the years has been with neighbours Swansea City, though traditionally there is also ill-feeling between the club's supporters and followers of Bristol City, known as the Severnside derby, and to a lesser extent, Bristol Rovers. In April 2006, relations with Cardiff City supporters and Swansea City supporters were aggravated after Swansea won the Football League Trophy final against Carlisle United 2–1 in the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff. During their celebrations, Lee Trundle and Alan Tate brandished a Welsh flag with an anti-Cardiff obscenity written on it in. As well as carrying the flag, Trundle was also seen wearing a T-shirt with an image of a Swansea City player urinating on a Cardiff City shirt. The Football Association of Wales (FAW) said the images paraded at the match, which took place at Cardiff's Millennium Stadium on 2 April 2006, were "of an extremely offensive and insulting nature and such behaviour is totally unacceptable". The two players in question were arrested by the Police on suspicion of section four public order offences, fined £2,000, and handed one-match suspensions.
Cardiff City was seen for many years as most likely to be promoted to the Premier League. Over several previous meetings between Cardiff City and Wolverhampton Wanderers, fighting has broken out between the two sets of supporters resulting in 17 arrests during one meeting alone. This led to the game which was held on 20 January 2007 being moved forward to 1 pm with no Cardiff City fans allowed to attend the match. This decision, which was taken by Wolves' chairman Jez Moxey, was met with widespread criticism from many supporter groups throughout the UK, including the Football Supporters Federation (FSF). A peaceful protest, organised by the FSF, took place in Wolverhampton on the day of the game and was attended by fans of many clubs who wished to show their opposition to such a ban. An FSF statement read: "We are appealing to all football supporters who can make it to be there to show their opposition to all away fan bans. It could be your club next. Time to reclaim the game!".
There has also been a significant amount of bad feeling between Cardiff and Leeds United, which stems from the FA Cup tie at Ninian Park on 6 January 2002, when Second Division Cardiff beat Premier League Leeds 2–1. Shortly after the late winning goal was scored, but before the full-time whistle had blown, Cardiff fans pelted the players, match officials and the away section with bottles and coins. Injuries were reported among women and young children, and Cardiff's then chairman Sam Hammam walked around the edge of the pitch, gesturing to the crowd – an act Leeds fans saw as his gloating over their defeat. After the game, Cardiff fans spilled onto the pitch to celebrate and later there was a stand-off between rival fans outside the stadium, and a number of arrests were made. Three years later on 15 January 2005, Cardiff played Leeds at Elland Road in a Championship fixture, and a hardcore hooligan element amongst the Leeds fans saw this as an opportunity for revenge; again there was rioting, leading to a high-profile court case two years later, in which several dozen Leeds fans received banning orders.
There is also a lesser rivalry with Welsh neighbours Newport County due to the proximity of the two Welsh cities. However, they have rarely played against each another since the 1980s due to Cardiff being in higher leagues. In total they have only ever played 20 football league games against eachother.
Cardiff's first ground was at Sophia Gardens recreational park where they played from their founding in 1899 until 1910 when, due to the lack of facilities at the ground and the increasing amount of support for the club, Bartley Wilson contacted Bute Estate, who owned large amounts of Cardiff at the time, in an attempt to find land suitable for building a stadium. They eventually agreed on an area of waste ground on Sloper Road. The land was a former rubbish tip and required extensive work to get a playable surface, but with the assistance of Cardiff Corporation and volunteers the work was completed. The ground was originally to be known as Sloper Park but was instead named after Lord Ninian Crichton-Stuart, who was a large force in helping the club get the ground built, and became Ninian Park.
The stadium was built with one stand before the opening of another in 1928 which could hold 18,000 people to replace an earth embankment. The club record attendance in the ground is 60,855 which was achieved during a league match against Swansea City on 27 August 1949. The record stands to this day, and is unlikely to be beaten due to the scaling down of the ground throughout the 1970s and 1980s due to safety fears, which saw the ground capacity fall to 22,000. In its final year in use, the ground was the only one above League One level that still contained standing areas.
Cardiff City Stadium
In June 2009, Cardiff City completed a state-of-the-art 26,828 seater stadium on the site of the now-demolished old Cardiff Athletics Stadium. The project required the rebuilding of the athletics stadium, to be known as Cardiff International Sports Stadium, on the opposite side of Leckwith Road in Cardiff. This ground was deliberately built to house both Cardiff City FC & Cardiff Blues RFC.
The plan required the demolition of the Cardiff Athletics Stadium, and the council initially insisted that its replacement be built before the start of construction of the Cardiff City Stadium, which would allow the city to have a major athletics facility for the 11 months between the demolition of the old stadium and the building of a new athletics facility nearby. But developers said that the main infrastructure work including highway improvements, drainage, gas supply and electricity cables could be carried out in a way that would allow Leckwith to remain open until July 2007.
On 20 September 2007 it was announced that the Cardiff Blues rugby union club would leave their Cardiff Arms Park home to become tenants of Cardiff City at the new Leckwith stadium.
Construction began on the new Cardiff International Sports Stadium in January 2007, and that venue was opened in January 2009. The new football ground, officially named Cardiff City Stadium, opened in July 2009. On 8 May 2012, Cardiff Blues confirmed they would leave the Stadium to return to Cardiff Arms Park for the 2012–13 season and onwards.
In August 2014, expansion plans were completed, increasing the stadium capacity to 33,316. However, in March 2015, it was announced that the Ninian Stand extension was to be shut for the 2015–16 season due to poor ticket sales, dropping the capacity to 27,978.
Colours and crest
When Riverside A.F.C. was formed in 1899, the club used a chocolate-brown and gold checkered shirt. Since the club became known as Cardiff City F.C. in 1908, their home colours have consisted of a blue shirt and white or blue shorts and socks. However, for the first nine years black socks were used. In 1919 Cardiff reverted to blue socks with a white hoop. From 1926 Cardiff used a turquoise blue with a white collar, until 1930 when the darker blue was re-introduced. In 1936 the club adopted white sleeves. For the next 20 years the club rarely changed their kit, just swapping between white and blue sleeves.
In 1959, Cardiff used white socks for the first time. In the 1965–66 season they used an all-blue strip for the first time, the following season they swapped back to white shorts and socks but keeping the same shade of blue. From 1975 they played in an all-blue strip with yellow and white vertical stripes. In 1983 Cardiff turned back to a blue shirt, white shorts and blue socks using this until 1992 before going all-blue again up until 1996.
In 2012, Cardiff changed their home kit colours from the traditional blue, white and yellow to red and black. The crest was also changed to one in which the Welsh dragon was more prominent than the traditional bluebird. The crest was changed to "appeal in 'international markets'" The change angered fans, who expressed their opposition in news and social media as well as directly to management. Cardiff rugby player Jamie Roberts criticised the change. However, on 9 January 2015, it was announced that Cardiff City were changing their home kit back to blue with a red away kit, effective immediately. On 15 June 2015, Cardiff confirmed they had entered a long term agreement with manufacturer Adidas to provide the official kit and equipment.
From 1908 Cardiff played in unadorned shirts. This changed in 1959, when they played in shirts with a simple crest featuring an image of a bluebird. The following season their shirts were featureless, and remained so until 1965, when they played in shirts with the word "Bluebirds" embroidered. A new crest, similar to the one previously used and again featuring a bluebird, was introduced in 1969. Variations on this crest remained until the 1980s, when extra features including words and additional motifs were added. A major change was made in 2012, when owner Vincent Tan attempted to rebrand the club in order to expand the club's appeal outside Wales. This change gave large prominence to the Welsh Dragon, reducing the bluebird to a minor feature. In March 2015, Cardiff announced a new crest which would predominantly feature the Bluebird once again with an oriental dragon replacing the standard Welsh dragon.
- ^ a b c Moor, Dave. "Cardiff City". historicalkits.co.uk. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
- As of 13 October 2016
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Out on loan
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
- As of 22 August 2016
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Cardiff currently runs a highly successful youth academy, with a number of youth groups from ages seven to eighteen years. Recent players to come through the youth system include Wales internationals Joe Ledley, Chris Gunter, Aaron Ramsey, Adam Matthews, Darcy Blake and Declan John and, prior to the youth system being granted academy status, Robert Earnshaw and James Collins.
Notable former players
|Assistant Manager||Kevin Blackwell|
|First Team Coach||Ronnie Jepson|
|Goalkeeper Coach||Martyn Margetson|
|Head of Fitness & Conditioning||Lee Southernwood|
|Head of Medical||Hywel Griffiths MCSP HCPC|
|First Team Physiotherapist||Edward Richmond|
|Senior Strength & Conditioning||Mike Beere|
|Sports Scientist||Ben Parry|
|Club Doctor||Dr. Len Nokes|
|Performance & Recruitment Analyst||Graham Younger|
|Academy Manager||James McCarthy|
|U21 Manager||Kevin Nicholson|
|Lew Clayton (caretaker)||1973||1973|
|Jimmy Goodfellow & Jimmy Mullen (caretakers)||1984||1984|
|Jimmy Mullen (caretaker)||1986||1986|
|Kenny Hibbitt (caretaker)||1996||1996|
|David Kerslake (caretaker)||2013||2014|
|Ole Gunnar Solskjær||2014||2014|
|Scott Young & Daniel Gabbidon (caretakers)||2014||2014|
Football League 100 Legends
The Football League 100 Legends is a list of "100 legendary football players" produced by The Football League in 1998, to celebrate the 100th season of League football. Three former Cardiff City players made the list.
Welsh Sports Hall of Fame
The following have played for Cardiff City and have been inducted into the Welsh Sports Hall of Fame :
PFA Team of the Year
The following have been included in the PFA Team of the Year whilst playing for Cardiff City:
- 1976 Clive Charles (Third Division)
- 1988 Terry Boyle, Paul Wimbleton (Fourth Division)
- 1993 Damon Searle (Third Division)
- 1996 Carl Dale (Third Division)
- 1999 Jon Hallworth, Mark Delaney, Jason Fowler (Third Division)
- 2001 Josh Low, Robert Earnshaw (Third Division)
- 2002 Graham Kavanagh (Second Division)
- 2003 Graham Kavanagh, Robert Earnshaw (Second Division)
- 2004 Danny Gabbidon, Robert Earnshaw (First Division)
- 2006 Jason Koumas (Championship)
- 2007 Michael Chopra (Championship)
- 2009 Joe Ledley, Roger Johnson (Championship)
- 2010 Peter Whittingham, Michael Chopra (Championship)
- 2012 Peter Whittingham (Championship)
- 2013 Mark Hudson, Peter Whittingham (Championship)
- Club Record Attendance: 57,893 vs. Arsenal.
- At Ninian Park: 57,893 vs. Arsenal.
- At Cardiff City Stadium: 28,680 vs. Derby County, 2 April 2016.
- Year Formed: 1899 (as Riverside A.F.C.)
- Previous Names: 1899 Riverside A.F.C.; 1902 Riverside Albion; 1908 Cardiff City.
- Previous Grounds: Ninian Park, Riverside, Sophia Gardens, Old Park and Fir Gardens until 1910.
- Record Transfer fee paid: £9,500,000 Gary Medel from Sevilla F.C.
- Record Transfer fee received: £10,000,000 Gary Medel to FC Internazionale.
First Division (as first tier)
- Runners-up: – 1923–24
Second Division/First Division/Championship (As second tier)
Third Division (South)/Third Division/Second Division/League One (As third tier)
Fourth Division/Third Division/League Two (As fourth tier)
- Winners: – 1927
- Runners-up: – 2012
Southern Football League Second Division
- Champions: – 1912–13
- Winners: – 1912, 1920, 1922, 1923, 1927, 1928, 1930, 1956, 1959, 1964, 1965, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1973, 1974, 1976, 1988, 1992, 1993
- Runners-up: – 1929, 1939, 1951, 1960, 1994, 1995
- Winners: – 2002
- Runners-up: – 1998, 2000
- Winners: – 1990, 1995, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2006
- Runners-up: – 1992, 2005, 2008, 2015
- Runners-up: – 1971
Algarve Challenge Cup
- Winners: – 2008
- Winners: – 2016
Welsh Football League Cup (Cardiff City Reserves)
- Winners: – 1927–28, 1928–29, 1935–36, 1937–38, 1959–60, 1972–73, 1973–74
- Runners-up: – 1975–76, 1976–77, 1977–78
Welsh Football League (Cardiff City Reserves)
- Winners: – 1922–23, 1928–29, 1966–67, 1967–68, 1969–70, 1971–72
- Collins, David (2002). Born Under a Grange End Star (Illustrated ed.). Wilmslow: Sigma Leisure. p. 126. ISBN 1-85058-787-6.
- Shepherd, Richard (2002). The Definitive Cardiff City F.C.: A Statistical History. The Definitive. 17. Nottingham: Tony Brown. p. 124. ISBN 1-899468-17-X. OCLC 52143309.
- Lloyd, Grahame (1999). C'mon City!: A Hundred Years of the Bluebirds (Illustrated ed.). Bridgend: Seren. p. 288. ISBN 1-85411-271-6. OCLC 42366942.
- ↑ "Statement from Tan Sri Vincent Tan". Cardiff City F.C. 9 January 2015. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
- ↑ "The Foundations and early years". Cardiff City F.C. 17 November 2004. Archived from the original on 15 March 2008. Retrieved 19 February 2008.
- 1 2 3 4 McLean, Kirk. "Queens Legends: George McLachlan and the 1936 Overseas tour". Queen of the South F.C. Archived from the original on 26 February 2009. Retrieved 14 April 2009.
- ↑ The 1927 FA Cup (Television news production). BBC. 23 April 1927. Archived from the original (WMV) on 26 April 2006. Retrieved 14 April 2009.
- ↑ You scratch my back..." The Cardiff City Miscellany pg.32
- ↑ Atalanta
- ↑ ECWC Semifinal 1987–1988
- ↑ Atalanta History on Italian
- ↑ "The Scoular Years" Cardiffcityfc.co.uk Retrieved on 2 September 2008 Archived 28 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
- ↑ "Hammam accused of Cardiff 'greed'". BBC Sport. BBC. 23 December 2006. Retrieved 3 January 2010.
- ↑ McKenzie, Andrew (6 April 2008). "Barnsley 0–1 Cardiff City(FA Cup Semi-final)". BBC News. Retrieved 3 January 2010.
- ↑ "Cardiff chief rejects debt claim" BBC Sport Retrieved on 19 May 2008
- ↑ "Hammam named in Cardiff loan case" BBC Retrieved on 19 May 2008
- ↑ "Ridsdale calls for Cardiff talks" BBC Retrieved on 19 May 2008
- ↑ "Chopra completes Cardiff switch". BBC Sport. 4 July 2009. Retrieved 8 September 2011.
- ↑ "Thorne joins Bluebirds". BBC Sport. 13 September 2001. Retrieved 3 February 2009.
- ↑ "Jones hopes for £3m transfer pot". BBC News. 1 January 2010. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
- ↑ "Cardiff chairman Ridsdale to stay". BBC News. 28 January 2010. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
- ↑ "Manager Dave Jones commits his future to Cardiff City". BBC Sport. 25 May 2010.
- ↑ "Dave Jones leaves Cardiff City". Cardiff City Official Site. Cardiff City Football Club. 30 May 2011. Archived from the original on 6 April 2012. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- ↑ "Cardiff & PMG agreement reached". Cardiff City Official Site. Cardiff City Football Club. 3 June 2011. Archived from the original on 17 September 2012. Retrieved 13 September 2013.
- ↑ "Malky Mackay is new City manager". cardiffcityfc.co.uk. Cardiff City F.C. 17 June 2011. Archived from the original on 6 April 2012. Retrieved 13 September 2013.
- ↑ "Cardiff City FC Statement". Cardiff City Official Site. 6 June 2012. Archived from the original on 31 August 2012. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- ↑ "Cardiff 1–0 Sheffield Wednesday". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 2 December 2012. Retrieved 2 December 2012.
- ↑ "Cardiff City chairman Dato Chan Tien Ghee resigns". BBC Sport. 1 March 2013. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
- ↑ "Premier League promotion party starts at Cardiff City after 0–0 draw against Charlton Athletic". Daily Telegraph. 16 April 2013. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- ↑ "Cardiff 0 Charlton 0". BBC Sport. 16 April 2013. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- ↑ "Malky Mackay proud of Cardiff spirit in Championship title win". BBC Sport. 20 April 2013. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
- ↑ "WEST HAM 2 CARDIFF 0". BBC Sport. 18 August 2013. Retrieved 19 August 2013.
- ↑ "CARDIFF 3 MANCHESTER CITY 2". BBC Sport. 25 August 2013. Retrieved 25 August 2013.
- ↑ "Cardiff 1–0 Swansea". BBC Sport. 3 November 2013. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
- ↑ "Cardiff 0–3 Southampton". BBC Sport. 26 December 2013. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
- ↑ "Malky Mackay: Cardiff City sack manager". BBC Sport. 27 December 2013. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
- ↑ "Ole Gunnar Solskjaer: Cardiff City hire former Man Utd striker as boss". BBC Sport. 2 January 2014. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
- ↑ "Newcastle 3–0 Cardiff". BBC Sport. 3 May 2014. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
- ↑ "Ole Gunnar Solskjaer: Cardiff City manager leaves post". BBC Sport. 18 September 2014. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
- ↑ "Cardiff City: Russell Slade confirmed as new manager". BBC Sport. 6 October 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
- ↑ "Cardiff 2 – 1 Nottingham Forest". BBC Sport. 18 October 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
- ↑ "Cardiff 3–1 Colchester United". BBC Sport. 2 January 2015. Retrieved 2 January 2015.
- ↑ "Cardiff City owner Vincent Tan agrees return to blue home kit". BBC Sport. 9 January 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- 1 2 3 Club ownership, Cardiff City F.C. website (Retrieved 13 February 2014)
- ↑ "Vincent Tan to retire from Berjaya Corp", The Star, 23 February 2013
- 1 2 3 4 "Cardiff City debt reaches £118 million, with more than £66 million owed to Vincent Tan", WalesOnLine,
- 1 2 3 Chief Executive Statement Feb 13, Cardiff City F.C. website (Retrieved 13 February 2014)
- 1 2 3 "Cardiff City blame 'imprudent and careless' management for loss", BBC News, 13 February 2014
- ↑ "City and Puma Pen Five Year Deal". The Official Website of the Cardiff City FC. 10 September 2013. Archived from the original on 9 March 2012. Retrieved 23 April 2010.
- ↑ "SBOBET.com: City's new sponsor". cardiffcityfc.co.uk. 10 September 2013. Archived from the original on 8 June 2012. Retrieved 28 August 2009.
- ↑ "Cardiff wear 'Malaysia' with pride". cardiffcityfc.co.uk. 17 June 2011. Archived from the original on 8 May 2012. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- ↑ "Championship kits 2014/15". Historical Kits. 14 September 2015.
- ↑ "Swansea insults disappoint Hammam". BBC Sport. 3 April 2006. Retrieved 3 January 2010.
- ↑ "Swans pair arrested over insults". BBC Sport. 5 April 2006. Retrieved 3 January 2010.
- ↑ Cleaver, Sion. "Preview: Manchester City v Swansea City". Backpage Football. Retrieved 29 February 2012.
- ↑ "Call for Cardiff fans' ban U-turn". BBC News. 29 December 2006. Retrieved 3 January 2010.
- ↑ From Sophia to SWALEC" cricketarchive.co.uk Retrieved on 2 November 2008 Archived 9 November 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
- ↑ "Cardiff teams agree ground share". BBC Sport. 19 September 2007. Retrieved 3 January 2010.
- ↑ "Cardiff's grounds for optimism". BBC Sport. 6 August 2009. Retrieved 14 January 2010.
- ↑ "Cardiff City & Blues Agreement". Cardiff City Football Club Official Site. 8 May 2012. Archived from the original on 29 May 2012. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- ↑ "Cardiff City's new £12m Ninian Stand to be mothballed less than a year after opening". Wales Online. 31 March 2015. Retrieved 7 May 2015.
- ↑ "Cardiff City 2012/13 kits revealed". Cardiff City Official Site. 6 June 2012. Archived from the original on 16 May 2013. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- ↑ "Cardiff City to change kit from blue to red amid financial investment". 6 June 2012 – via www.bbc.com.
- ↑ Red rage! Cardiff ditch traditional blue kit in move that angers fans, Daily Mail, 6 June 2012
- ↑ "Cardiff City owner Vincent Tan agrees return to blue home kit". Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- ↑ "Adidas and Cardiff City announce partnership". Retrieved 15 June 2015.
- ↑ "Cardiff City to change kit from blue to red amid financial investment". BBC Sport. 6 June 2012. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- ↑ "Cardiff city 2015 crest reveal". Cardiff City FC. 9 March 2015. Retrieved 9 March 2015.
- ↑ Author_1. "Cardiff City FC Player Profiles".
- ↑ "SKY Sports – Cardiff City News, Fixtures, Transfers". SKY Sports. BSKYB (c) 2014. Retrieved 27 August 2014.
- ↑ Phillips, Rob. "Inter Milan: Cardiff City's Gary Medel joins club for £10m". BBC Sport. BBC (c) 2014. Retrieved 27 August 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cardiff City F.C..|
- Cardiff City F.C. Official website
- Cardiff City F.C. on BBC Sport: Club news – Recent results – Upcoming fixtures
- A collection of items relating to Cardiff City Football Club's historic victory against Arsenal in the 1927 FA Cup
- Cardiff City stats at Football Club History Database
- Cardiff City play-off record