Caracoles, Antofagasta

This article is about a mining town in Antofagasta during the 19 century. For other uses, see Caracoles (disambiguation).
The prosperous town of Caracoles in 1872

Caracoles was an little, but important town dedicated to the mining of the silver resources located in 23°01′S 69°01′W / 23.02°S 69.01°W / -23.02; -69.01Coordinates: 23°01′S 69°01′W / 23.02°S 69.01°W / -23.02; -69.01[1]:29 in the Atacama desert.

Its accurate location led to dispute between the Bolivian and the Chilean Governments because the Boundary Treaty of 1866 between Chile and Bolivia ordered that tax incomes from the region between the 23°S and the 25°S should be divided in equal parts. Negotiations led to the Corral-Lindsay agreement, which was not ratified by Bolivia, but later both countries signed the Boundary Treaty of 1874 between Chile and Bolivia which eliminated the "Mutual Benefits Zone" between the 23°S and the 25°S parallels.

See location of Caracoles in commons:Provincia de Antofagasta-1895.jpg map of Antofagasta in 1895,

See also


  1. Carmen Gloria Bravo Quezada, La flor del desierto. Caracoles y su impacto sobre la economía chilena, Ediciones de la Dirección de Bibliotecas, Achivos y Museos, Santiago, Chile.
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