Caledon, Ontario

Town (lower-tier)
Town of Caledon

Ontario Highway 10 through Caledon


Caledon's location within southern Ontario

Coordinates: 43°52′N 79°52′W / 43.867°N 79.867°W / 43.867; -79.867Coordinates: 43°52′N 79°52′W / 43.867°N 79.867°W / 43.867; -79.867
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
Regional municipality Peel Region
Established January 1, 1974
  Type Town
  Mayor Allan Thompson (List)
  Governing Body Caledon Town Council
  MP David Tilson (CPC)
  MPP Sylvia Jones (PC)
  Land 688.15 km2 (265.70 sq mi)
Highest elevation[2] 485 m (1,591 ft)
Lowest elevation[3] 221 m (725 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
  Total 59,460
  Density 86.4/km2 (224/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
  Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 905, 519

Caledon (2011 population 59,460) is a town in the Regional Municipality of Peel in the Greater Toronto Area of Ontario, Canada. In terms of land use, Caledon is somewhat urban, though it is primarily rural. It consists of an amalgamation of a number of urban areas, villages, and hamlets; its major urban centre is Bolton, located on its eastern side adjacent to York Region.

Caledon is one of three municipalities of Peel Region. The town is located just northwest of the city of Brampton. At over 688 square km, Caledon is the largest city or town by area in the Greater Toronto Area.

Maclean's magazine has named Caledon the safest town in Canada to live in for two years running,[4] however, local media reported in 2010 that crime rates have increased since the Maclean's article.[5]


By 1869, Belfountain was a Village with a population of 100 in the Township of Caledon County Peel. It was established on the Credit River. There were stages to Erin and Georgetown. The average price of land was $20.[6]

Caledon inherited the name from Caledon Township, Ontario, which was likely named by settlers, like Edward Ellis or by public voting.[7] whom came from the area around Caledon, County Tyrone in Northern Ireland.


According to the 2011 Canadian Census,[8] the population of Caledon is 59,460, a 4.2% increase from 2006. The population density is 86.4 people per square km. The median age is 40.4 years old, basically on par with the national median at 40.6 years old. There are 19,649 private dwellings with an occupancy rate of 97.1%. According to the 2011 National Household Survey, the median value of a dwelling in Caledon is $474,087 which is significantly higher than the national average at $280,552. The median household income (after-taxes) in Caledon is $83,454, much higher than the national average at $54,089.

Caledon is mostly made up of persons of European descent. Other ethnic and "racial" make up of Caledon is:

Most of Caledon is either a Christian (77.5%), or affiliates with no religion (18.6%). 2.0% are Muslim, and the remaining 1.9% are of another religion.

Caledon has seen some migration of visible minorities in recent years. 4.97% of Caledon was a visible minority, of which the highest percent was of Blacks 30.74%, South Asians 27.94%, Chinese 8.38%, West Asian 7.19% and Latino 6.79%.[9] Caledon also has small Arab, Japanese, Korean and Filipino populations.

Historical populations
Source: Statistics Canada
Canada 2006 Census Population % of Total Population
Visible minority group
South Asian 1,265 2.2
Chinese 360 0.6
Black 860 1.5
Filipino 215 0.4
Latin American 485 0.9
Southeast Asian 175 0.3
Other visible minority 735 1.3
Total visible minority population 4,095 7.2
Aboriginal group
First Nations 225 0.4
Métis 100 0.2
Inuit 15 0
Total Aboriginal population 360 0.6
White 52,385 92.2
Total population 56,840 100


According to the 2011 Census, 76.8% of the town's population have English as mother tongue; Italian is the mother tongue of 8.1% of the population, followed by Punjabi (1.6%), Portuguese (1.4%), German (1.3%), Polish (1.2%) and Spanish (1.2%).[8]

Mother tongue Population Percentage
English 45,490 76.83%
Italian 4,815 8.13%
Punjabi 975 1.65%
Portuguese 840 1.42%
German 765 1.29%
Polish 740 1.25%
Spanish 725 1.22%
French 580 0.98%
Croatian 310 0.52%
Greek 230 0.39%


Caledon in the Regional Municipality of Peel

Caledon is divided into five wards represented on town council by:[11]

and on regional council by:[11]

Per capita, Caledon has by far the largest representation on Peel Regional Council among the three municipalities.



The Peel District School Board operates secular Anglophone public schools. The Dufferin-Peel Catholic District School Board operates Catholic Anglophone public schools. The Conseil scolaire Viamonde operates secular Francophone schools serving the area. The Conseil scolaire de district catholique Centre-Sud operates Catholic Francophone schools serving the area.

School (Location)

  • Allan Drive Middle School (Bolton)
  • Alloa Public School (Caledon)
  • Alton Public School (Alton)
  • Belfountain Public School (Belfountain)
  • Bolton Montessori School (Private)
  • Brampton Christian School (Private)
  • Caledon Central Public School (Caledon Village)
  • Caledon East Public School (Caledon East)
  • Countryside Montessori and Private School
  • Creative Children's Montessori School (Bolton)
  • Credit View Public School (Cheltenham)
  • Ellwood Memorial Public School (Bolton)
  • Herb Campbell Public School (Campbell's Cross)
  • Headwater Hills Montessori School (Private)
  • Holy Family Elementary School (Bolton)
  • Humberview Secondary School (Bolton)
  • Huttonville Public School (Huttonville)
  • King's College School (Private)
  • James Bolton Public School (Bolton)
  • Macville Public School (Bolton)
  • Mayfield Secondary School (Caledon)
  • Palgrave Public School (Palgrave)
  • Pope John Paul II Elementary School (Bolton)
  • Robert F. Hall Catholic Secondary School (Caledon East)
  • SouthFields Village Public School (Southfields Village)
  • St. Cornelius Elementary School (Caledon East)
  • St. John the Baptist Elementary School (Bolton)
  • St. Nicholas Elementary School (Bolton)
  • St Michael Catholic Secondary School (Bolton)


Unlike Brampton and Mississauga, Caledon does not have any municipally-owned heritage attractions; its stories are told and its records are stored by the Peel Art Gallery, Museum and Archives in downtown Brampton.


Established in 1888 as the Cardwell Observer,[13] The Caledon Enterprise is published weekly from Bolton by Metroland Media.[14] Also based out of Bolton is The Caledon Citizen, established in 1982. A MELINIUM paper, it is published by Caledon Publishing Ltd.[15] A third newspaper was launched by Rick and Shelly Sargent in 2010: The Regional, published monthly in Bolton. In November 2012, this paper was acquired by Caledon Publishing and ceased publication. The Sargents began working with the Caledon Citizen.

A short-lived student-run newspaper, The Caledon Underground, existed as of 2010.

There are no television stations in Caledon, which is located with the broadcast area of stations in Greater Toronto Area and Hamilton.

Key Porter Books and parent H.B. Fenn are both headquarters in Bolton. Broadcast radio stations CJFB-FM and CFGM-FM.

History and trails


Protected areas

Caledon Lake lies in the Headwaters of Credit River

Sports and recreation

Junior hockey teams include the Caledon Golden Hawks and Caledon Canadians, the latter defunct.

Minor Hockey Teams include the Caledon Hawks and Caledon Coyotes

Lacrosse in the Town of Caledon is represented by the Caledon Vaughan Minor Lacrosse Association which operates Minor Field and both Minor and Junior C. Box Teams

Mike Fox, the winner of the 2007 Queen's Plate, was foaled in Caledon, while Peaks and Valleys currently stands there.

Caledon Equestrian Park in Palgrave will host the equestrian events of the 2015 Pan American Games.[16]

Caledon Centre for Recreation and Wellness, located in Bolton, Ontario.


Cheltenham, a community in Caledon, on the Twinning Post in Cheltenham Township, Pennsylvania, United States.[17][18][19][20]

The primary administrative and commercial centre of Caledon is the community of Bolton, which the municipal government estimated as having a population of 26,478 in 2006.[21]

Smaller communities in the town include Albion, Alloa, Alton, Belfountain, Boston Mills, Brimstone, Caledon, Caledon East, Caledon village, Campbell's Cross, Castlederg, Cataract, Cedar Meadows, Cedar Mills, Cheltenham, Claude, Coulterville, Ferndale, Forks of the Credit, The Grange, Humber, Humber Grove, Inglewood, Kilmanagh, Lockton, Mayfield West, Macville, Melville, McLeodville, Mono Mills, Mono Road, New Glasgow, Palgrave, Queensgate, Rockside, Rosehill, Sandhill, Silver Creek, Sleswick, Sligo, Snelgrove, Stonehart, Taylorwoods, Terra Cotta, Tormore, Valleywood and Victoria. The region is otherwise very sparsely populated with farms being the only residential centres.


Emergency services

The town runs its own fire services through the composite Career and volunteer firefighters of the Town of Caledon Fire & Emergency Services, which has nine stations.

Ambulance services are run by the regional government's Peel Regional Paramedic Services, with three stations.

Despite being part of Peel Region, policing in Caledon is conducted by a detachment of the Ontario Provincial Police rather than Peel Regional Police.


GO Transit operates two bus routes in Caledon;

It additionally has storage and service facilities in the town.

Brampton Transit recently extended Route 30 Airport Road into the Tullamore Industrial Area within the Town of Caledon, with a total of six trips per day.

The town currently has no government-supported local public transit system. However, growing population prompted former local resident Darren Parberry[22] to start a trial bus service with two routes, called Métis Transit, which ran briefly in 2006. Caledon Township also ran a commercial bus operations in 1999 under the name Caledon Transit Incorporated,[23] but it ceased operations due to low ridership.

Transit services for the elderly, disabled, and infirm are provided by Caledon Community Services Transportation and Transhelp (run by Peel Region).

Taxi service is also available in the Bolton, Ontario area.

The highways in the municipality are:

Notable people

Travel Region

Caledon is part of the Hills of Headwaters Tourism Association and Central Counties of Ontario, two tourism related associations.

Caledon is the main setting in 1999, a well-known creepypasta (an Internet urban legend.)

See also



  1. 1 2 Statistics Canada: 2012
  2. 43° 51' 44" N, 80° 8' 13" W, as per Google Earth
  3. 43° 49' 15" N, 79° 43' 34" W, as per Google Earth
  4. "Where you can't get away with anything". - Canada - Features. Retrieved 2008-04-05.
  5. Caledon news report
  6. The province of Ontario gazetteer and directory. In 1997 to 1999, Caledon had its own local TV show, called Caledon local 21. There were shows such as Mr bears cellar, boobie and paint with the soul. Unfortunately, it was shut down. H. McEvoy Editor and Compiler, Toronto : Robertson & Cook, Publishers, 1869
  8. 1 2 NHS Profile of Caledon:
  9. .
  10. 1 2 "Pickering, Ontario (City) Census Subdivision". Community Profiles, Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada.
  11. 1 2
  12. "Albion Field Centre". 1981-2010 Canadian Climate Normals. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2016-05-12.
  13. Heyes, Esther (1968). The Story of Albion (PDF) (2 ed.). Bolton ON: Bolton Enterprise. p. 323. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
  14. "Caledon Enterprise". Metroland Media. Mississauga ON. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
  17. Cheltenham Twinning Association
  18. Cheltenham Town Council: Other Cheltenhams
  19. Other Cheltenhams
  20. Cheltenham Township Twinning
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