Caledon, County Tyrone

For other places with the same name, see Caledon.
Irish: Cionn Aird
 Caledon shown within Northern Ireland
Population 387 (2001 Census)
Irish grid referenceH755453
DistrictDungannon and South Tyrone
CountyCounty Tyrone
CountryNorthern Ireland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post town CALEDON
Postcode district BT68
Dialling code 028
EU Parliament Northern Ireland
UK ParliamentFermanagh and South Tyrone
NI AssemblyFermanagh and South Tyrone
List of places
Northern Ireland

Coordinates: 54°21′00″N 6°49′59″W / 54.35°N 6.833°W / 54.35; -6.833

Caledon /ˈkældn/, historically known as Kinnaird (Irish: Cionn Aird (head/top of the height or hill)[1]) is a small village and townland (of 232 acres) in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland. It is in the Clogher Valley on the banks of the River Blackwater, 7 miles from Armagh. It lies in the southeast of Tyrone and near the borders of County Armagh and County Monaghan. It is situated in the historic barony of Dungannon Lower and the civil parish of Aghaloo.[2]In the 2001 Census it had a population of 387 people. It is a designated conservation area.


The name Caledon appears to be a shortened version of Caledonia, the old Latin name for Scotland. Originating from the Pictish tribe of northern Scotland, the Caledonii, the term means "great, hard/tough people".


The old settlement of Kinard was burned in 1608 by the forces of Sir Cahir O'Doherty during O'Doherty's Rebellion. Sir Henry Óg O'Neill, the main local landowner, was killed by the rebels.

Caledon House was built in 1779 by James Alexander, a member of the Irish House of Commons for Londonderry, who had previously in 1778 bought the Caledon Estate. James Alexander was made Baron Caledon in 1790 and later Viscount Caledon in 1797. The House was begun in 1779 to designs by Thomas Cooley, but altered by John Nash in 1808-10.[3]

On 20 June 1968, Austin Currie, Nationalist Party MP at Stormont, with others, began a protest about discrimination in housing allocation by 'squatting' (illegally occupying) in a house in Caledon. The house had been allocated by Dungannon Rural District Council to a 19-year-old unmarried Ulster Protestant woman, Emily Beattie, who was the secretary of a local Ulster Unionist Party politician. Beattie was given the house ahead of older married Catholic families with children.[4] The protesters were evicted by officers of the Royal Ulster Constabulary, one of whom was Beattie's brother. The next day, the annual conference of the Nationalist Party unanimously approved of the protest action by Currie.[5]


Caledon railway station (on the narrow gauge Clogher Valley Railway) opened on 2 May 1887, but finally closed on 1 January 1942. Tynan and Caledon railway station on the mainline Great Northern Railway (Ireland) opened on 25 May 1858 and finally closed on 1 October 1957.[6]




19th century population

The population of the village decreased during the 19th century:[7][8]

Year 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population 1046 999 825 579 562 703
Houses 183 172 155 120 131 151

21st century population

On Census day (29 April 2001) there were 387 people living in Caledon. Of these:

For more details see: NI Neighbourhood Information Service

Caledon Townland

The townland is situated in the historic barony of Dungannon Lower and the civil parish of Aghaloo and covers an area of 232 acres.[9]

The population of the townland declined during the 19th century:[10][11]

Year 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population 28 28 38 25 16
Houses 5 5 10 7 4

The village of Caledon is in the townland of the same name and in 1891 had an area of 45 acres.

The townland contains one Scheduled Historic Monument: a Beam engine (grid ref: H7581 4521).[12]

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Caledon, County Tyrone.


  1. "Caledon". Place Names NI. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
  2. "Caledon". IreAtlas Townland Database. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
  3. O'Neill, B (ed). (2002). Irish Castles and Historic Houses. London: Caxton Editions. p. 25.
  4. Dwyer, T. Ryle (4 October 2008). "The spark that lit the Troubles is still smouldering in the embers". Irish Examiner.
  5. "A Chronology of the Conflict - 1968". Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN). Retrieved 11 July 2009.
  6. "Caledon and Tynan stations" (PDF). Railscot - Irish Railways. Retrieved 2007-09-14.
  7. "Census of Ireland 1851". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
  8. "Census of Ireland 1891". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
  9. "Townlands of County Tyrone". IreAtlas Townland Database. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
  10. "Census of Ireland 1851". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
  11. "Census of Ireland 1891". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
  12. "Scheduled Historic Monuments (to 15 October 2012)" (PDF). NI Environment Agency. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 October 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
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