CSS Fredericksburg

CSS Fredericksburg (far right) during the battle of Trent's Reach in 1865.
Name: Fredericksburg
Operator: Confederate States Navy
Laid down: 1862
Launched: 1863
Commissioned: March 1864
Fate: Destroyed to prevent capture, 4 April 1865
General characteristics
Tons burthen: 2,500
Length: 188 ft (57 m)
Beam: 40 ft 3 in (12.27 m)
Draft: 9 ft 6 in (2.90 m)
Propulsion: Steam engine
Speed: 5 knots (9.3 km/h)
Range: 4,160 nmi (7,700 km) at 80 kn (150 km/h)
Complement: 150 officers and men
  • 1 × 11 in (279 mm) smoothbore cannon
  • 1 × 8 in (203 mm) rifled cannon
  • 2 × 6.4 in (163 mm) rifled cannons
Service record
Part of: James River Squadron

CSS Fredericksburg was an ironclad of the Confederate States Navy during the American Civil War, built at Richmond, Virginia in 1862-1863. Fredericksburg was the second ironclad to be completed in Richmond. On November 30, 1863 she was reported completed and awaiting armament. She was taken down to Drewry's Bluff in March 1864 for fitting out and was placed under the command of Commander Thomas R. Rootes, CSN.

Fredericksburg, one of the ships of the James River Squadron commanded by Commodore John K. Mitchell, CSN, was actively engaged in the James River from mid-1864 until the end of the war. Accompanied by CSS Virginia II and nine other ships, Fredericksburg participated in an engagement at Trent's Reach with the Union's double-turreted monitor USS Onondaga on June 21, 1864; little damage was inflicted on either side due to the distance between the vessels.[1] Similar inconclusive encounters took place in August, October, December, and the following January. With the evacuation of Richmond on April 3, 1865, the Confederates blew up Fredericksburg and other warships in the vicinity the following day; the lost Confederate Fleet's remains were found in the James River. Fredericksburg's sunken hulk lies about 50 yards up river from the remains of her sister ironclad Virginia II; both lie parallel with the river under the heavy river silt and mud, somewhere between six to 15 feet deep.[2]


The commanders of the CSS Fredericksburg were:[3]


  1. "C.S.S. Fredericksburg".
  2. "Hunt for the Lost Confederate Fleet".
  3. Coski (1996), John M. Capital Navy: The Men, Ships and Operations of the James River Squadron, Campbell, CA: Savas Woodbury Publishers. ISBN 1-882810-03-1.


External links

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