Bus station

The Central Omnibus Station in Flensburg (Germany) in 2012. The first Central Omnibus Station in Germany was opened here in 1931.
Kamppi Centre is the largest underground bus station in Europe.[1]
Dunkerque station
Tel Aviv Central Bus Station in Israel is the largest intercity bus station in the world.

A bus station is a structure where city or intercity buses stop to pick up and drop off passengers. While the term bus depot also refers to a bus station, "bus depot" may be used to refer to a bus garage. A bus station is larger than a bus stop, which is usually simply a place on the roadside, where buses can stop. It may be intended as a terminal station for a number of routes, or as a transfer station where the routes continue.

Bus station platforms may be assigned to fixed bus lines, or variable in combination with a dynamic passenger information system.[2] The latter requires fewer platforms, but does not supply the passenger the comfort of knowing the platform well in advance and waiting there.

Types of stations

Type Alighting Boarding Layover
Bus Stand yes yes
Arrivals Stand yes no no
Departure Stand no yes
Layover Stand no no
  • ^1 If separate layover bays are provided then buses usually park in them if not they park in the Departure Stand or Bus Stand.

Accessible station

A former bus station typical of the heyday of coach travel in the 1930s

An accessible station is a public transportation passenger station which provides ready access, is usable and does not have physical barriers that prohibit and/or restrict access by people with disabilities, including those who use wheelchairs.[3]

Largest bus stations

At 37 acres (150,000 m2), the Chennai Mofussil Bus Terminus in Chennai, India, is the largest bus station in Asia.[4]As of 2010, the terminus handled more than 500 buses at a time, and 3,000 buses and 250,000 passengers a day.[5]

The largest underground bus station in Europe is Kamppi Centre of Helsinki, Finland completed in 2006. The terminal cost 100 million Euro to complete and took 3 years to design and build. Today, the bus terminal, which covers 25,000 square meters, is the busiest bus terminal in Finland. Every day, the terminal has around 700 bus departures, transporting some 170,000 passengers.[1]

See also


  1. 1 2 "Kamppi –The Helsinki Underground Bus Terminal". Xtralis. Archived from the original (pdf) on 2009-09-15. Retrieved 2010-02-07.
  2. "New hightech bus station in Amstelveen opened". Vialis. 2009-10-13. Retrieved 2010-02-07.
  3. Federal Transit Administration - Part 37-Transportation Services for Individuals with Disabilities - 0726CB3D4779478E8B60DA001A4ABF47 Archived June 12, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  4. Dorairaj, S. (28 December 2005). "Koyambedu bus terminus gets ISO certification". The Hindu. Chennai: The Hindu. Retrieved 16 Oct 2011.
  5. "Bus terminus chokes under rush". The Times of India. Chennai: The Times Group. 13 January 2010. Retrieved 16 Oct 2011. |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
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