This article is about the city in Zimbabwe. For the royal kraal of the Zulu empire, see Bulawayo (Zulu empire).

View of Bulawayo's Central Business District (CBD) from Pioneer House by Prince Phumulani Nyoni. The CBD is 5.4 square kilometres and is in a grid pattern with 17 avenues and 11 streets


Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 'City of Kings', 'Skies', 'Bluez' or 'Bulliesberg'
Motto: Siyephambili

Location in the Bulawayo Province

Location in the Bulawayo Province

Coordinates: 20°10′12″S 28°34′48″E / 20.17000°S 28.58000°E / -20.17000; 28.58000Coordinates: 20°10′12″S 28°34′48″E / 20.17000°S 28.58000°E / -20.17000; 28.58000
Country Zimbabwe
Province Bulawayo
District City of Bulawayo
Settled 1840
Incorporated (town) 1897
Incorporated (city) 1943
4 Districts, 29 Wards, 156 Suburbs
  Type Provincial Municipality
  Mayor Martin Moyo
  City 1,706.8 km2 (659.0 sq mi)
  Water 129.3 km2 (49.9 sq mi)
  Urban 993.5 km2 (383.6 sq mi)
  Metro 1,706.8 km2 (659.0 sq mi)
Elevation[1] 1,358 m (4,455 ft)
Population (2016)
  City 1,200,337
  Density 700/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
  Urban 1,205,675
  Urban density 2,305/km2 (5,970/sq mi)
Time zone SAST (UTC+2)
  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+2)
Area code(s) 9
Climate Cwa
Website citybyo.co.zw

Bulawayo is the second-largest city in Zimbabwe after the capital Harare, with, as of the 2012 census, a population of 653,337.[2] It is located in Matabeleland, 439 km (273 mi) southwest of Harare, and is now treated as a separate provincial area from Matabeleland. The capital of Matabeleland North is now Lupane, as Bulawayo is a stand-alone province.

Colloquially Bulawayo is also known by various names, these being the 'City of Kings', 'Skies', 'Bluez', 'Bulliesberg' or 'KoNtuthu ziyathunqa' – a isiNdebele phrase for "a place that continually exudes smoke". This name arose from the city's historically large industrial base.[3] The majority of the Bulawayo's population belongs to the Ndebele ethnic and language group.

For a long time in Zimbabwe's history Bulawayo was regarded as the industrial centre of Zimbabwe and the city served as the hub to the country's rail network with the National Railways of Zimbabwe headquartered there because of its strategic position near Botswana and South Africa.[3] It is the nearest large city to Hwange National Park, Matobo National Park and Victoria Falls.


Inhabitant of Bulawayo, 1890
Bulawayo Scouts in 1893

The city was founded by the Ndebele king, Lobengula the son of King Mzilikazi kaMatshobana who settled in modern-day Zimbabwe around the 1840s after the Ndebele people's great trek from Zululand. The name Bulawayo comes from the isiNdebele word KoBulawayo meaning 'a place where he is being killed.' It is thought that at the time of the formation of the city, there was a civil war and a group of Ndebeles not aligned to Prince Lobengula were fighting him as they felt he was not the heir to the throne, hence he gave his capital the name 'where he (the prince) is being killed'. It is said that when King Lobengula named the place "KoBulawayo" his generals asked "who is being killed mtanenkosi (prince)?" and he replied "Yimi umntwanenkosi engibulawayo", meaning "its me the prince who is being killed". At the time Lobengula was just a prince fighting to ascend his father's (Mzilikazi) throne. It was common at the time for people to refer to Bulawayo as "KoBulawayo UmntwaneNkosi" "a place where they are fighting or rising against the prince". The name Bulawayo is imported from Nguniland which is a place once occupied by the Khumalo people. The place still exists and it is next to Richards Bay.

In the 1860s the city was further influenced by European intrigue and many colonial powers cast covetous eyes on Bulawayo and the land surrounding it. Britain made skilful use of private initiative in the shape of Cecil Rhodes and the Chartered Company to disarm the suspicion of her rivals. Lobengula once described Britain as a chameleon and himself as the fly.[4]

During the 1893 Matabele War, the invasion by British South Africa Company troops forced King Lobengula to evacuate his followers, after first detonating munitions and setting fire to the town.[5] BSAC troops and white settlers occupied the ruins. On 4 November 1893, Leander Starr Jameson declared Bulawayo a settlement under the rule of the British South Africa Company. Cecil Rhodes ordained that the new settlement be founded on the ruins of Lobengula's royal kraal, which is where the State House stands today. In 1897, the new town of Bulawayo acquired the status of municipality, Lt. Col. Harry White became one of the first mayors,[6] and in 1943 Bulawayo became a city.


At the outbreak of the Second Matabele War, in March 1896, Bulawayo was besieged by Ndebele forces, and a laager was established there for defensive purposes. The Ndebele had experienced the brutal effectiveness of the British Maxim guns in the First Matabele War, so they never mounted a significant attack against Bulawayo, even though over 10,000 Ndebele warriors could be seen near the town. Rather than wait passively, the settlers mounted patrols, called the Bulawayo Field Force, under legendary figures such as Frederick Selous and Frederick Russell Burnham. These patrols rode out to rescue any surviving settlers in the countryside, and attacked the Ndebele. Within the first week of fighting, twenty men of the Bulawayo Field Force were killed and another fifty were wounded.

During the siege, conditions inside Bulawayo quickly deteriorated. By day, settlers could go to homes and buildings within the town, but at night they were forced to seek shelter in the much smaller laager. Nearly 1,000 women and children were crowded into the small area and false alarms of attacks were common. The Ndebele made a critical error during the siege in neglecting to cut the telegraph lines connecting Bulawayo to Mafikeng. This gave both the besieged Bulawayo Field Force and the British relief forces, coming from Salisbury and Fort Victoria, now Harare and Masvingo respectively 300 miles to the north, and from Kimberley and Mafeking 600 miles to the south, far more information than they would otherwise have had. Once the relief forces arrived in late May 1896, the siege was broken and an estimated 50,000 Ndebele retreated into their stronghold, the Matobo Hills near Bulawayo. Not until October 1896 would the Ndebele finally lay down their arms.

Modern city

Bulawayo City Hall
Bulawayo City Council Offices
Kenilworth Towers, residential flats

In recent years, Bulawayo has experienced a sharp fall in living standards coinciding with the severe economic crisis affecting the country. Today it is home to the strongest opposition to the government of Robert Mugabe. The main problems include poor investment and widespread unemployment. Water shortages due to lack of expansion in facilities and supplies have become steadily more acute since 1992. Cholera broke out in 2008.

Bulawayo City Council

Although controlled by the main opposition party MDC-T, the council has managed to stand out as the leading municipality in Zimbabwe in terms of service delivery to its residents, through various campaigns engineered by the city council such as the #mycitymypride campaign and #keepbyoclean on social media, these have been met with positive responses by residents and other stakeholders within the city. In recent years Bulawayo has now been widely perceived as the cleanest city in Zimbabwe due to the council's effective waste management strategy, although like all major cities and towns in the country Bulawayo faces water challenges, but the situation within the city has been described as manageable. In 2015 the City of Bulawayo was praised for its town planning which unlike major urban areas such as Harare and Chitungwiza has not been marred by corruption and problems such as illegal settlements.


Bougainvillea outside a Bulawayo home


The city sits on a plain that marks the Highveld of Zimbabwe and is close to the watershed between the Zambezi and Limpopo drainage basins. The land slopes gently downwards to the north and northwest. The southern side is hillier, and the land becomes more broken in the direction of the Matobo Hills to the south.

Petrea flower in a garden in Bulawayo


Due to its relatively high altitude, the city has a subtropical climate despite lying within the tropics. Under the Köppen climate classification, Bulawayo features a humid subtropical climate (Cwa), though it is a drier version of the climate. The mean annual temperature is 19.16 °C (66.44 °F),[7] similar to Pretoria at a similar altitude but almost 600 km (373 mi) farther south. As with much of southern and eastern Zimbabwe, Bulawayo is cooled by a prevailing southeasterly airflow most of the year, and experiences three broad seasons: a dry, cool winter season from May to August; a hot dry period in early summer from late August to early November; and a warm wet period in the rest of the summer, early November to April. The hottest month is October, which is usually the height of the dry season. The average maximum temperature ranges from 21 °C (70 °F) in July to 30 °C (86 °F) in October. During the rainy season, daytime maxima are around 26 °C (79 °F). Nights are always cool, ranging from 8 °C (46 °F) in July to 16 °C (61 °F) in January.

The city's average annual rainfall is 594 mm (23 in), which supports a natural vegetation of open woodland, dominated by Combretum and Terminalia trees. Most rain falls in the December to February period, while June to August is usually rainless. Being close to the Kalahari Desert, Bulawayo is vulnerable to droughts and rainfall tends to vary sharply from one year to another. In 1978, 888 mm (35 in) of rain fell in the three months up to February (February 1944 is the wettest month on record with 368mm) while in the three months ending February 1983, only 84 mm (3 in) fell.

Climate data for Bulawayo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36.7
Average high °C (°F) 27.7
Daily mean °C (°F) 21.8
Average low °C (°F) 16.5
Record low °C (°F) 10.0
Average rainfall mm (inches) 117.8
Average rainy days 10 8 5 3 1 1 0 0 1 4 8 10 51
Average relative humidity (%) 69 71 70 62 56 54 48 43 41 43 55 63 56
Mean monthly sunshine hours 244.9 212.8 251.1 252.0 279.0 267.0 288.3 300.7 288.0 272.8 237.0 226.3 3,119.9
Mean daily sunshine hours 7.9 7.6 8.1 8.4 9.0 8.9 9.3 9.7 9.6 8.8 7.9 7.3 8.5
Source #1: World Meteorological Organization[8] NOAA (sun and mean temperature, 1961–1990)[9]
Source #2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (extremes and humidity)[10]

Water scarcity

Bulawayo's physical geography has led to the presence of varying degrees water scarcity throughout distinct suburbs within the city. The geographical factors causing water scarcity are the area's high elevation and the arid environment of the Matabeleland. Bulawayo provides residents with water by using a system of dams, treatment plants, and reservoirs; however, due to the short supply, many residents obtain their water from wells and boreholes. The low accessibility to water in residential areas, along with the water quality within these areas, correlate with the spread of diseases within each respective area. In particularly, neighborhoods with relatively high population density and areas that are at higher physical elevations have lower availability to water. According to studies taken in 2007 and 2008, the densely populated suburb of Mpopoma has significantly lower water consumption than that of the less densely populated Khumalo, which is situated on lower ground. In addition to receiving less water than Khumalo, Mpopoma also has a higher proportion of water-related diseases.

Environmental and sanitation circumstances have detrimental effects on water quality. Sources such as groundwater and tap water are subject to pollution due to waste from burst sewers contaminating them. Samples taken from well water from the Pumula and Robert Sinyoka suburbs show that well water maintain levels of coliform higher than the Standards Association of Zimbabwe and World Health Organization give.[11][12]


Population census controversy

The population of Bulawayo, according to the 2012 national census, stands at 653 337;[13] however, this figure has been rejected by the Bulawayo City Council authority with Councillor Martin Moyo claiming an anti-Bulawayo conspiracy to under fund projects in the city.[14][15]

The population of the city according to metropolitan council sources is closer to 1,5 million and a more closer and estimated figure being 1,2 million. Reports have alluded to the de-industrialization of the city as the reason for its population decline, a claim which was rubbished as council officials referred to the fact that in 1992 were the city's population stood at 620 936 the city has grown in the number of households due to urban expansion. City authorities also laid claim to the fact that the current water challenges facing the city were also as a result of an increasing population despite the economic challenges facing the city.

Historical population
1992 620,936    
2002 676,650+9.0%
2012 653,337−3.4%
Source: Zimbabwe National Statistics Agency (ZIMSTAT)


Bulawayo has long been known as the industrial hub of Zimbabwe. It has a large manufacturing presence, and large industries such as Merlin Textiles, Zimbabwe Engineering Company (Zeco), Hubert Davies, Radar Metal Industries, National Blankets, G & D Shoes, Merlin, Tregers Group, Stewarts & Lloyds, Hunyani Holdings, and Cold Storage Commission. However, some of these companies have either moved operations to Harare or no longer exist altogether which has crippled Bulawayo's economy. The industries are deserted and the infrastructure has since been left to deteriorate, further deterring investors from operating in the city. The reason for the city's de-industrialization has been heralded to be the lack of infrastructure to support the size of the city and its operations and an unreliable source of water and the collapse of the rail infrastructure which was a core reason of placing industry in Bulawayo to begin with. Many locals argue that it is because of marginalisation they experience against the government due to cultural differences between the Shona in Harare and the Ndebele Proper in Bulawayo because the National railways of Zimbabwe (Headquarters Bulawayo) is a government parastatal and as such should have been thriving had it not been for embezzlement of allocated funds by company executives who are believed to be Shona. The water issue is not new and had brought about the "help a thirsty Matabele" initiative of the 1970s and the Matabeleland Zambezi Water Project which would put an end to the water issue in Matabeleland was drafted; however, this project was put on hold soon after independence. these allegations have all been labelled hogwash by the relevant authorities; however, they have only fueled the secessionist initiative into a general opinion. Before the collapse of Zimbabwe's rail infrastructure, Bulawayo was an important transport hub, providing rail links between Botswana, South Africa and Zambia and promoting the city's development as a major industrial centre. The city still contains most of what remains of Zimbabwe's heavy industry and food processing capability including a Thermal Power Station which resumed operations in February 2011 after a capitalisation deal with the Government of Botswana where Bulawayo would supply 45 Megawatts in three years. Like many parts of the country, Bulawayo has for the past ten years seen a huge drop in service delivery and an increase in unemployment due to the number of resignations of people seeking better prospects across the border. Many people resorted to farming, mining and the black market for sustenance, while others depended on the little foreign currency that would be sent by family in other countries. However, with the introduction of the multi-currency system in 2009, a new approach is seen by investors in the city who admire the already-available infrastructure and the huge workforce and Bulawayo as great prospects for the future and is set to once again contribute greatly to the economy of Zimbabwe. The city is served by Joshua Mqabuko Nkomo International Airport which has been expanded a number of times to cope with the influx of visitors into the region. The Edgars clothing stores are headquartered in Bulawayo. The Rovos rail run luxury train, Pride of Africa makes a stop in Bulawayo for pick up and dropping off passengers. Bulawayo is situated along the Trans-African Highway network important trade route of Cairo – Cape Town Highway. Most of the city's industries are privately owned, especially in the transport sector.

The Bulawayo Centre

Important buildings and infrastructure

These include

The Nesbitt Castle
The Nesbitt Castle, Bulawayo


Mayors since independence

Mayor Party Time in office
Martin Moyo (Incumbent) MDC-T 2013 –[16]
Patrick Thaba-Moyo MDC-T 2008–2013[17]
Japhet Ndabeni Ncube MDC, MDC-M 2001–2008[18]
Abel Siwela ZANU-PF 1996–2000 died in office[18]
Joshua Teke Malinga ZANU-PF 1993–1995?
I. Gadhlula ZANU-PF 1992-1993
N. Sidanile ZANU-PF 1991-1992
Dennis Madulane Ndlovu ZANU-PF 1990-1991
A.L. Ncube ZANU-PF 1989-1990
J.M. Ndlovu ZANU-PF 1988–1989
Nicholas Joel Mabodoko PF-ZAPU 1985–1988
Enos M. Mdlongwa PF-ZAPU 1983–1985
Naison Khutshwekhaya Ndlovu PF-ZAPU 1981–1983

Mayors during UDI

Mayor Party Time in office
Mike Constandinos 1979–1981
D.J. Rowland 1978-1979
Mrs. J.L. Sharland 1977-1978
E.Hoyle 1976-1977
L. Sexon 1975-1976
C.M. Scott 1974-1975
E.D. Gordon 1973-1974
R.S. Harris 1972-1973
H. Coronel 1971-1972
T.H. Doyle 1970-1971
J.M. Logan 1969-1970
J. Goldwasser 1968–1969[19]
W.R. Kinleyside 1967-1968
A. Menashe 1965–1967[19]

Mayors during the colonial period

Mayor Party Time in office
A.C. Dold 1964-1964
Aubrey M. Butcher 1963-1964
S.H. Millar 1962-1963
J.G. Pain 1961-1962
M.E. Brett 1960-1961
S.H. Millar 1959-1960
M.M. McNellie (OBE, MM) 1957-1959
J.W. Phillips (OBE) 1955-1957
J.M. MacDonald 1953-1955
C.M. Newman (OBE, MC, VD, ED) 1951-1953
J.H. Butcher 1949-1951
H.A. Holmes 1947-1949
Donald Macintyre (CBE) Southern Rhodesia Labour Party 1944–1947[20]
E.J. Dawies 1942-1944
D.W. Young 1940-1942
T.A.E. Holdengarde 1938-1940
Donald Macintyre (CBE) Southern Rhodesia Labour Party 1936–1938[20]
C.M. Harris 1934–1936[19]
T.A.E. Holdengarde 1933-1934
W. Maver 1932-1933
W.H. Peard 1929–1932[20]
H.B. Ellenbogen 1927–1929[19][20]
H.R. Barbour 1924-1927
J.H. Bookless 1923-1924
James Cowden Rhodesia Party 1919–1923 four consecutive terms[20][21]
W.J. Atterbury 1918-1919
George Stewart 1917-1918
W.J. Atterbury 1915-1917
W.B. Bucknall 1914-1915
Alex Fraser 1913-1914
Lt. Col. Walter Baxendale 1912-1913
Alex Fraser 1911-1912
E. Basch 1907–1911[19]
E.F. Philip 1906-1907
Lt. Col. Walter Baxendale 1904-1906
J.E. Scott 1902-1904
John Kerr 1901-1902
William H. Haddon 1900-1901
Lt. Col. Henry Frederick "Harry" White (DSO) 1899–1900 returned to military service[6]
Charles Holland 1898-1899
I.G. Hirschler 1897–1898[19]


Twin towns – sister cities

Bulawayo is twinned with:

Culture and recreation


Bulawayo is home to the Queens Sports Club and Bulawayo Athletic Club, two of the three grounds in Zimbabwe where test match cricket has been played. It is also home to Hartsfield Rugby grounds where many international Test matches have been played. Hartsfield was developed by Reg Hart, after whom the grounds were named, and on which field many of southern Africa's greatest rugby players have competed. It is home to two large football teams, Highlanders and Zimbabwe Saints. Other football teams include Bantu Rovers, Chicken Inn, How Mine and Quelaton.

Other important sporting and recreational facilities include


Bulawayo has a number of museums of national importance, including the Natural History Museum of Zimbabwe, National Gallery, Bulawayo and the Bulawayo Railway Museum.


There are a number of parks in Bulawayo, including

Suburbs and districts

No Suburb/location Origin of name
1AscotAdjoining the Bulawayo Ascot race-course
2Barbour FieldsThe suburb was named after a former mayor, H. R. Barbour, who during the colonial era was greatly interested in the welfare of the indigenous people. There is a place called Barbour in Argyll & Bute. Barbour is a Scottish family name, though it was apparently first recorded on the English side of the border, in Cumberland and Northumberland. The father of Scottish vernacular poetry, John Barbour (1320–1395), is best remembered for his epic poem "The Brus", telling the story of King Robert I. The origin of the name is occupational (a cutter of hair as well as an extractor of teeth during the Middle Ages).
3Barham GreenThe suburb was named after two people. The first was a former Bulawayo City Councillor [who later became an Alderman] Mrs. M. E. Barham, M.B.E. and the other was Rev. Rufus Green. The two people were critical in the establishment of this suburb. During the colonial Rhodesia era, the suburb was designated for the Coloured community.
4Beacon HillAlso known as Beryl Drive, reference is made to fact that it is the high point of the suburbs and possesses the areas with the highest marking beacon at its summit.
5BellevueThe suburb was named after the estate name. It is sometimes spelled Belle Vue. The origin of this universally-popular place name is ultimately French – "beautiful view".
7Belmont Industrial AreaThe area was named after a former Bulawayo City Engineer, Mr. Kinmont.
8BradfieldThe suburb was named after Mr. Edwin Eugene Bradfield, a pioneer.
9BurnsideThis area used to be a portion of former town council area, and used to be part of Matsheumhlope Farms. The name is derived from the reference to the River Matsheumhlophe. "Burn" is a Scottish and northern English word for a stream.
10CementThis was named after the surrounding industrial area, responsible for the making of cement.
11Cowdray Park
13Donnington West
14DouglasdaleThe Douglas family, descendants of William de Duglas (late 12th century), was one of the most powerful in Scotland.
16EmakhandeniEmakhandeni is the isiNdebele name for Fort Rixon, which was the area where the regiment aMakhanda were located. eMakhandeni is the locative term.
17EmganwiniReference is made to the plentiful amarula trees in the vicinity.
20EntumbaneThis is where King Mzilikazi was buried. It is one of the dozens of high density suburbs of Bulawayo, commonly referred to as the "Western Suburbs". The first disturbances that led to the Gukurahundi were sparked in Entumbane, hence the term "Impi ye Ntumbane" that refers to the disturbances.
21Estate name
22Estate name
24FamonaThe suburb was named after Famona, one of the daughters of King Lobengula. It means jealousy or envy must end (literally, "die").
25Fortunes Gate (including Mtaba Moya)The suburb's name comes from the original property name, and the gates are those of the original market building.
26Four WindsThe suburb name comes from the original property name, the first house was on top of a hill.
27GlencoeThis name is etched into the Scottish psyche as the bleak glen in the Highlands where, in 1692, a party of MacDonald men, women and children were treacherously massacred by the Campbells, who were acting under government orders.
28GlengaryThe suburb was named after its estate name. The "Glengarry" bonnet is an oblong woollen cap, popular amongst pipe bands.
29Glenville (including Richmond South)The suburb was named after its estate name.
30Granite Park
31GreenhillThe suburb's name is a reference to scenery and topography.
32GwabalandaNamed after a Ndebele chief, Gwabalanda Mathe
36HillcrestThe suburb's name comes from the reference to topography. It is Greenhill's crest.
37HillsideThe suburb's name is a reference to topography (Greenhill's slope).
38Hillside SouthThe suburb's name comes from its position as the south facing slope of Greenhill.
39Hume Park"Hume"/"Home" is a Lowland Scottish family name.
40Hyde ParkThe name originates from the large amount of residents who trace their ancestry to England.
41IlandaNdebele name for the egret
42IminyelaThis is the name of a type of tree common in the area.
43IntiniThe name was given as a commemoration to the Mhlanga family, who originally set out with the Khumalo family under Mzilikazi as gratitude to their contribution to the Ndebele Kingdom, Mthwakazi. The Ntini is the totem of the Mhlanga-Mabuya clan.
44JacarandaThis is a reference to the jacaranda trees.
45Kelvin (Industrial area, includes North East and West)The area was named in reference to a suburb of Glasgow. It takes its name from the River Kelvin, a tributary of the River Clyde.
46KenilworthThe suburb was named after its estate name.
47KhumaloThe suburb was named after the Royal Clan of the Matabele.
48Khumalo NorthThis is a reference to the position of Kumalo suburb.
52LakesideLakeside is the stretch of water at the junction of the Old Essexvale Road and the road to the suburb of Waterford, and then on to Hope Fountain Mission.
53LobengulaItisnamed after the second and last Matabele King, Lobengula.
54LobenvaleThe suburb's name is derived from a combination of King Lobengula's name and Umguza Valley.
55LochviewThe suburb's name is in reference to Lakeside Dam and is famous in the city for its large Scottish residents and the Scottish style houses. According to the Bulawayo City Suburb Names website, the suburb was named in reference to Lakeside Dam.
56LuveveNamed after Ndebele chief Luveve; established in 1935
57MabuthweniThe suburb's name means "where the soldiers are"; the name was given in reference to a bachelors' quarters.
58MagwegweThe suburb name is named after Magwegwe, who was one of the significant people in King Lobengula's royal Bulawayo town.
59Magwegwe NorthThis is a reference to the position relative to that of Magwegwe.
60Magwegwe WestThis is a reference to the position relative to that of Magwegwe.
61MahatshulaMahatshula is named after one of the Ndebele Indunas, Mahatshula Ndiweni.
62MakokobaThe suburb got its name from the actions of Mr. Fallon, who used walk around with a stick. The name comes from the word "umakhokhoba" which was how the locals referred to Fallon, meaning "the little old man who walks with a stick". The word actually describes the noise of the stick hitting the ground, ko-ko-ko, or the doors. It is the oldest African dwelling in the city. Political activism was rife in the pre-Zapu era.
63MalindelaThe suburb was named after the mother of Faluta, who was the mother of Lobengula, i.e., after Lobengula's maternal grandmother.
64ManningdaleIt is named after the developer of the suburb.
66MatsheumhlopeThe name comes from the association with the river ("White Stones"). White stones in Ndebele Proper and Zulu language are "amatshe amhlope".
67MatshobanaThe suburb was named after Matshobana, who was a chief of the Khumalo clan and more significantly he was the father of Mzilikazi, the founder of the Ndebele Kingdom.
68MontgomeryIt is named after Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, a decorated British Army commander.
69MontroseThe suburb was named by the estate developers, and street names are of many Cotswolds villages and towns.
71MpopomaThe name comes from a descriptive Ndebele name for the area, which was derived from the sound the Mpopoma River makes when flowing.
72MundaThe Tonga name for a plot of land on which people would farm
73MzilikaziThe suburb was named after the founder of uMthwakazi, King Mzilikazi. It is a stone's throw away from Barbourfields suburb, separated by a road called Ambulance Drive that leads to one of Zimbabwe's large hospitals, Mpilo.
74New LuveveReference is made to the suburb Luveve; see Luveve suburb.
76NewtonEstate name
77Newton WestReference to position (Newton)
78NguboyenjaNamed after Lobengula's son and heir
79NjubeNamed after one of Lobengula's sons
80NketaIt is named after the Traditional Heritage Site of Nketa Hill on which King Lobengula assembled his entire kingdom and divided its citizens according to cultural ethnicity and different stages of incorporation into three groups the Zansi which is Xhosa for "south", referring to the people who left the Zulu Kingdom originally, the Enhla or Nxele, which referred to the second mass incorporated group, which was the Swati, Pedi, and Sotho, with whom they settled in Mhlahlandela 1. The final group was the Hole /ˈxɒli, which constituted of the Shona, Kalanga and Bakwena. Most historians argued that this was clear evidence of Lobengula's lack of foresight and political tact as he was literally undoing what his father had spent his lifetime trying to achieve, a unified kingdom with a single identity.
81NkulumaneOne of the sons of King Mzilikazi and heir, founder of the Matebele kingdom
82North EndReference to the direction of the suburb
83North Lynne
84North TrenanceReference to position relative to that of Trenance
86NorthvaleFormer town council area; reference to position and (Umguza) valley
87Ntaba Moyo
88Orange Grove
89PaddonhurstNamed after Major Cecil Paddon, O.B.E. (pioneer)
90ParklandsEstate name; Park Lands estate A (portion of original grant to Dominican Sisters)
91ParkviewSituated on the location adjacent to the Centenary Park and proposed location of Bulawayo Zoo
92PelandabaPhelandaba translates as "the matter is concluded", a reference to the successful conclusion to the struggle for security.
93PumulaPhumula means "a resting place", reference to the fact that many have built homes there to retire to.
94Pumula SouthNamed in reference to relative position of Pumula
95Queens ParkA reference to the Queen and the three main roads – Victoria, Alexandra and Elizabeth
96Queens Park EastA reference to the position relative to that of Queen Park
97Queens Park WestA reference to the position relative to that of Queen Park
99RangemoreThe suburb adopted the original estate name.
100RayltonThe suburb adopted the original estate name.
102RiversideDerived from the original estate name, which was in reference to the Umguza River
103Romney ParkThe suburb was named after George Romney, a British painter.
104SauerstownNamed after Dr. Han Sauer, original owner of the land
105Selbourne ParkNamed after the main road of Selbourne Avenue, now called L. Takawira Avenue, facing Ascot Mansions
106SizindaBattle regiment of Mzilikazi of the Matabele
108SouththwoldThe suburb was named by the estate developers, and street names are of many Cotswolds villages and towns.
109SteeldaleComposite name referring to industry
110SuburbsThis was the first suburb and retained that name.
111SunninghillAfter British royal residence (given to present Queen at time of marriage)
112SunnysideChosen from list of suggested names
113TegelaThe name is derived from a Ndebele word ukwethekela meaning "to visit".
114The Jungle
115ThorngroveThe suburb's name came from the large number of mimosa (thorn) trees in the area.
117TshabalalaThis is the "isibongo" or praise name for Lobengula's mother, Fulata, who was of Swazi extraction.
118Tshabalala ExtensionExtension in reference to the suburb of Tshabalala
119Umguza EstateNamed after the Umguza River which runs through it
120Upper RangemoreName in reference to Rangemore suburb
123West Somerton
127Windsor ParkNamed after English town or Guildford Castle grounds
128WoodlandsChosen from a list of suggested names
130Woodville Park
Retained the old estate name.[22][23]

Schools and colleges

In Bulawayo, there are 128 primary and 48 secondary schools.[24]

Primary schools

No. School Name
1.Amaswazi Primary School
2.Amaveni Primary School
3.Babambeni Primary School
4.Baines Infant School
5.Baines Junior
6.Barham Green Primary School
7. Carmel Primary School
8.Coghlan Primary School
9.Dominican Convent Primary School, Bulawayo
10.Dumezweni Primary School
11.Emakhandeni Primary School
12.Fairbridge Primary School
13.Fusi Primary School
14.Gampu Primary School
15.Godlwayo Primary School
16.Helemu Primary School
17.Henry Low Primary School
18.Hillside Infant School
19.Hillside Junior School
20.HQ 1 Brigade Primary School
21.Hugh Beadle Primary School
22.Induba Primary School
23.Infant School
24.Ingubo Primary School
25.Ingwegwe Primary School
26.Inkanyezi Primary School
27.Insukamini Primary School
28.Intunta Primary School
29.Inzwananzi Primary School
30.John Slaven Primary School
31.Josiah Chinamano Primary School
32.King George VI Memorial School
33.Kumalo Primary School
34.Lobengula Primary School
35.Lobengula Primary School
36.Lochview Primary School
37.Losikeyi Primary School
38.Lotshe Primary School
39.Lukhanyiso Primary School
40.Luveve Primary School
41.Mabhukudwana Primary School
42.Mafakela Primary School
43.Mafela Primary School
44.Magwegwe Primary School
46.Mahlathini Primary School
47.Malindela Primary School
48.Manondwana Primary School
49.Manyewu Primary School
50.Maphisa Primary School
12. Masiyephambili Junior School
51.Masuku Primary School
52.Maswazi Primary School
53.Matshayisikova Primary School
54.Mawaba Primary School
55.Mazwi Primary School
56.Mbizo Primary School
57.McKeurten Primary School
58.Mganwini Primary School
59.Mgiqika Primary School
60.Mgombane Primary School
61.Mhali Primary School
62.Milton Junior School
63.Mkhithika Primary School
64.Moray Primary School
65.Mpumelelo Primary School
66.Mthombowesizwe Primary School
67.Mtshane Primary School
68.Mtshede Primary School
69.Mtshingwe Primary School
70.Mzilikazi Primary School
71.Newmansford Primary School
72.Ngwalongwalo Primary School
73.Nketa Primary School
74.Nkulumane Primary School
75.Ntabeni Primary School
76.Ntshamathe Primary School
77.Nyamande Primary School
78.Petra Primary School
79.Phelandaba SDA Primary School
80.Queen Elizabeth II Primary School
81.Rangemore Primary School
82.Robert Tradgold Primary School
83.Rose Camp Primary School
84.Senzangakhona Primary School
86.Sigombe Primary School
87.St. Bernards R.C Primary School
88.St. Patricks R.C Primary School
89.St. Thomas Aquinas Primary School
90.Tategulu Primary School
91.Tennyson Primary School
92.Thembiso Primary School
93.Thomas Rudland Primary School
94.Trenance Primary School
95.Waterford Primary School
96.Whitestone School
97.Woodville Primary School
98.Zulukandaba Primary School

Secondary and high schools

No. School Name
1Amhlope Pumula No. 2 Secondary School
2Amhlophe Secondary School
3Bulawayo Adventist Secondary School (BASS)
4Bulawayo Technical School (now Gifford High School)
5Christian Brothers College, Bulawayo
6Cowdray Park Secondary School
7Dominican Convent High School, Bulawayo
8Emakhandeni Secondary School
9Entumbane Secondary School
10Eveline Girls High School
11Falcon College
12Founders High School
13 Gifford High School
14Girls' College
15Hamilton High School
16Ihlati Secondary School
17Inyanda High School
18Lobengula Secondary School
19Luveve High School
20Magwegwe Secondary School
21Mandwandwe Secondary School
22Masotsha Secondary School
23Milton High School
24Montrose Girls High School
25Mpopoma High School
26Msitheli Secondary School
27Mzilikazi High School
28Njube Secondary School
29Nketa Secondary School
30Nkulumane Secondary School
31Northlea High School
32Petra High School
33Premier High School
34Pumula High School
35Sikhulile Secondary School
36Sizane High School
37Sobukazi High School
38St Bernard's R.C. High School
39St. Columbus High School
40Townsend High School
41Mncumbatha Secondary School

Schools outside Bulawayo

Colleges and universities


The city of Bulawayo serves as the backdrop for the French novel Sale Hiver à Bulawayo, by Soline de Thoisy (2011). It is also the starting point for the 1925 novel by Agatha Christie, The Secret of Chimneys, in which the main character is leading tours, and meets up with an old friend who gives him two jobs to do in England.

Natives and residents


  1. Google Earth
  2. Zimbabwe at GeoHive
  3. 1 2 "Industrial empire Bulawayo reduced to a ghost town". mg.co.za. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  4. A.R.C.B. Review: A Russian Look at Rhodesia. The Journal of African history, Vol. 2. No 1 (1961), pp. 161–162 available on JSTOR
  5. Thorpe, C. Limpopo to Zambesi, London 1951 p.51
  6. 1 2 "D.S.O.". London Gazette. 19 April 1901. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
  7. GISS Climate data, Average annual temperature 1971 to 2001
  8. "World Weather Information Service – Bulawayo". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  9. "Bulawayo Airport Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 10 June 2016.
  10. "Klimatafel von Bulawayo (Goetz-Observatorium) / Simbabwe" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  11. Nyemba, Anesu; Manzungu, Emmanuel (2010). "The impact of water scarcity on environmental health in selected residential areas in Bulawayo City, Zimbabwe". http://www.sciencedirect.com/. Retrieved Nov 11, 2016. External link in |website= (help)
  12. Nyemba, Anesu. "The impact of water scarcity on environmental health in selected residential areas in Bulawayo City, Zimbabwe." Physics and chemistry of the earth 35.13 (2010):823-827. Web.
  13. "Provincial Report – Bulawayo" (PDF). Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  14. "Bulawayo Census Outrage". chronicle.co.zw. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  15. "Storm Over Bulawayo Census Results". thestandard.co.zw. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  16. "New mayors for Kwekwe, Bulawayo, Gweru and Masvingo". NewZimbabwe.com. 16 September 2013. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  17. "Mayor urged to hit ground running". SOuthern Eye. 18 September 2008. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  18. 1 2 Zimbabwe Election Support Network (2001). Bulawayo Mayoral and Council By-Elections Report (Report). Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  19. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Bulawayo". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
  20. 1 2 3 4 5 Ranger, Terence (2010). Bulawayo Burning: The Social History of a Southern African City, 1893–1960. Boydell & Brewer.
  21. "The Age of Ai". To The Victoria Falls. 212. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
  22. http://www.bulawayo1872.com
  23. http://www.rampantscotland.com/placenames/placename_bulawayo.htm
  24. Makoni, Albert (6 September 2007). "Health disaster looms in Bulawayo". The Zimbabwe Guardian. Archived from the original on 26 December 2007. Retrieved 22 November 2007.
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