Buffavento Castle

Buffavento Castle
(Greek: Kάστρο Βουφαβέντο, Turkish: Buffavento Kalesi)

Buffavento Castle
Location within Cyprus
General information
Country De jure  Cyprus
De facto  Northern Cyprus
Coordinates 35°17′15″N 33°24′37″E / 35.287456°N 33.410185°E / 35.287456; 33.410185

Buffavento Castle is in the Kyrenia mountain range, in Northern Cyprus. Its name is Italian and means, “Defier of the Winds”, reflecting that the winds at its location at 950 metres (3,120 ft) above sea level can reach quite a high velocity. The castle is irregular in shape as it makes use of the mountain itself for its defense. Since 1974 the castle is within the occupied side of the island.

Buffavento stands between St. Hilarion Castle to the west and Kantara Castle to the east, all of which were built as a defense against Arab raids. As both of the other castles are visible from Buffavento, it was used to pass signals between them. It also controlled an important pass through the mountains. It was used as a prison in the 14th century.

The lowest part of the castle was probably built by the Byzantines in the 11th century. The Lusignans expanded the castle in the 14th century. During the Venetian control of the island, Buffavento fell into disuse as the Venetians saw the coastal castles of Cyprus, such as Kyrenia and Famagusta, as more important.



Coordinates: 35°17′15″N 33°24′37″E / 35.287456°N 33.410185°E / 35.287456; 33.410185

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/21/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.