Budhabare, Mechi

Hadiya Budhabare
हडिया बुधवारे
Village Development Committee

Village scene of Budhabare with corn fields and betelnut trees

A bird's eye view of part of Budhabare village

Map of Budhabare depicting the constituent wards

Zoomed-in map of Jhapa district with Budhabare at the center and adjacent geographic entities around it
Hadiya Budhabare

Location in Nepal

Coordinates: NP 26°43′26″N 88°03′01″E / 26.723838°N 88.050179°E / 26.723838; 88.050179Coordinates: NP 26°43′26″N 88°03′01″E / 26.723838°N 88.050179°E / 26.723838; 88.050179
Country    Nepal
Province Province No. 1
Zone Mechi
District Jhapa
  Total 31.73 km2 (12.25 sq mi)
Highest elevation 329 m (1,079 ft)
Lowest elevation 149 m (489 ft)
Population (2011)
  Total 22,936
  Density 722.85/km2 (1,872.2/sq mi)
  Ethnicities Brahmin, Chhetri, Kami, Limbu, Rai
Demonym(s) Budhabarebasi
Time zone NST (UTC+5:45)
A.P.O. 57206
PSTN 555

Budhabare, also known as Hadiya Budhabare, is a Village Development Committee in the northern part of Jhapa district of Mechi zone in south-eastern Nepal. Under the new federal division, the VDC lies in Province No. 1. The latest official data, 2011 Nepal Census, puts the total population of the VDC at 22,936.[1] Owing to this average population size, the VDC is further divided into nine wards.

As the village is crossed by Hadiya Khola, it is sometimes also referred to as Hadiya Budhabare. The village of Budhabare is best known for two things: the production of betelnut and the market that is held every Wednesday. The market of Budhabare grew in importance tremendously after the highway to Ilam was constructed, as Budhabare now lies along the Mechi Highway that connects all districts of Mechi zone.


The origin of the name budhabare dates back to the early 1940s. Local legend has it that, at that time, an elite man by the name of Nandalal Acharya began to organize a weekly market day, or hatiya, in the village. This followed a similar trend that was already in practice on Saturday in Sanischare, on Sunday in Aaitabare, on Friday and Monday in Dhulabari, and on Thursday in Phikkal. Out of fears that a concurrent market day would be detrimental and challenging to business, they decided go with either Tuesday or Wednesday. As Tuesday is generally considered a kharobar, or brute day, in Nepali culture, Wednesday became the pick. Over time, the village came to be known after this day of the market as Budhabare, since Budhabar is the Nepali term for Wednesday. This market, which started off in the early 1940s, still continues to this day and has become a major attraction of the village.[2]


Budhabare is located at a distance of 17 km north from district headquarters Bhadrapur and 8 km north of Charali along the Mechi Highway.[3] It is bound by Kolbung to the north, Shantinagar to the east, Dhaijan to the south-east, Sanischare to the south, Arjundhara to the south-west, and Khudnabari to the west. (Note that Sanischare and Arjundhara are now merged into Shani-Arjun Municipality.) Geographically, Budhabare covers a total area of 31.73 square kilometres.[4] Pahari Chowk (roughly the center of Budhabare) lies at a latitude of 26.723838°N and longitude of 88.050179°E.[5] The elevation of Budhabare ranges from 149 m to 329 m above the mean sea level.[4] The dominant tree species found in the area include Shorea robusta (locally known as sal), Acacia catechu (khayar), Dalbergia sissoo (sisau), Neolamarckia cadamba (kadam), etc.[3]


Since the village lies in the flanks of Terai just below the hills, the climate of Budhabare is temperately warm. Under the Köppen–Geiger classification, Budhabare has a humid subtropical climate (Cwa)[6] with wet and hot summers and mild and dry winters. With reference to statistics furnished by climate-data.org, the average temperature of Budhabare is 24.2 °C.[6] About 2500 mm of precipitation falls annually.[3] The driest month is December with little to no rainfall. Meanwhile, in July, the precipitation reaches its peak with an average of 719 mm.[6]


Topographically, Budhabare area lies in the upper Terai region of the Indo-Gangetic plains, almost on the foot of the Siwalik hills. It is generally flat in the south, while the northern part is rolling. The area is dissected by two major streams: Biring Khola and Hadiya Khola. Biring Khola runs from north to south along the western border, serving as a natural demarcation between Budhabare and Khudnabari. Hadiya Khola also runs from north to south, but close to the eastern border. The area close to the two streams is mainly composed of gravel, boulder, and sand. However, the rest and much of Budhabare is primarily composed of silty loamy soil, which is ideal for agriculture.[3]


As per the National Population and Housing Census 2011, the total population of the village stands at 22,936, with a male population of 10,938 and a female population of 11,998.[1] In terms of percentage, males constitute some 47.69% and females constitute about 52.31% of the total population. Likewise, the sex ratio is 91.17, which means there are about 91 males for every 100 females in the VDC. The total number of households in the village is 5,270, with an average household size of 4.35. Moreover, the population density of the VDC comes to be around 723 persons per square kilometer, which is about fourfold higher than the national population density.[7]

Age structure

The active population of the VDC is 14,415, which is about 63.29% of the total population. The table immediately below enumerates the population composition of the village on the basis of child dependent, economically active, and old dependent age-group respectively:[7]

Age Group Population Percentage
0-14 6,170 26.90%
15-59 14,51563.29%
60+ 2251 9.81%


Brahmins who have descended from hills make up about 43.22% of Budhabare's populace. Similarly, Chhetri, Kami, Limbu, Rai, Newar, etc. are also fairly common ethnic groups found in the village. In addition, minority groups residing in the village include Tharu, Muslims, Majhi, Bengali, etc. The table below mentions the major ethnic groups and bulks the minorities into "others," summing up the population composition of Budhabare on ethnicity basis:[7]

Ethnic Group Population Percentage
Brahmins (Hill) 9,913 43.22%
Chhetri 2,542 11.08%
Kami 1,458 6.36%
Limbu 1,403 6.12%
Rai 1,143 4.98%
Newar 1,063 4.63%
Damai/Dholi 733 3.20%
Tamang 593 2.58%
Magar 587 2.56%
Dhimal 582 2.54%
Rajbansi 467 2.04%
Others 2,452 10.69%


An overwhelming majority of village population (82.68%) speak Nepali as mother tongue. Other spoken languages include Limbu (4.06%), Dhimal (2.02%), Rai (1.88%), etc. The table below enumerates all languages that at least have a three-digit population:[7]

Mother Tongue Population Percentage
Nepali 18,963 82.68%
Limbu 932 4.06%
Dhimal 464 2.02%
Rai 432 1.88%
Tamang 329 1.43%
Newari 300 1.31%
Rajbansi 299 1.30%
Maithili 287 1.25%
Magar 173 0.75%
Tharu 125 0.54%
Bhojpuri 108 0.47%
Others 524 2.28%


As of 2011 Nepal Census, Budhabare has a male literacy rate of 85.77% and a female literacy rate of 74.34%.[7] Overall, the literacy rate of the village stands at 79.76%, which is higher than the national average of 65.9%.[8] There are more than a dozen of schools operating in and around the Budhabare area, and all of them are co-educational. In addition to schools, a private campus by the name of Sita Ramesh Bahumukhi Campus has also been recently established in Budhabare-6, and offers graduate programs in commerce and humanities. Some of the schools operating in the area include:

School's NameTypeUp to (Level)Location
Adarsha Uccha Madhyamik Vidyalaya Public Higher SecondaryBudhabare-4
Happyland Lower Secondary School Private Lower Secondary Budhabare-1
Jyoti Secondary English Boarding School Private Secondary Budhabare-9
Karnali Education Foundation Private Higher Secondary Budhabare-6
Little Star Secondary School Private Secondary Budhabare-2
Tribhuwan Madhyamik Vidyalaya Public Secondary Budhabare-3
Mahananda Sikshya Sadan Private Secondary Budhabare-9
Namuna Nimna Madhyamik Vidyalaya Public Lower Secondary Budhabare-1
Shree Buddha Adarsha Uccha Madhyamik Vidyalaya PublicHigher SecondaryBudhabare-6

Facilities and services

Budhabare is moderately facilitated. For health services, there is a health post located near Budhabare bazaar, which provides basic health care facilities to the local population. In addition to this health post, there also exists an Ayurveda aushadhalaya, which renders basic ayurvedic health facilities. The area has good access to road transport. The Mechi Highway, which connects all the districts of the Mechi zone, runs through the village. It has a network of part black topped and part graveled road within its area. Most areas are thus easily accessible. It is connected by black topped roads to the adjoining VDCs: Sanischare, Bahundangi and Dhaijan.[3]

Economic activities

The primary economic activity of the village is agriculture. The land is very fertile and the rate of production is good, making this place an "agricultural hotspot" of Jhapa district. Food crops like paddy and maize are extensively cultivated. Most of the households plant betelnuts, which is the most popular cash crop in the area. Rubber, tea, and cardamom farms are also sparingly common. As for the industries, most of the industries are small-scale and agro-based. There are 30 rice mills and over 12 timber mills in the village.[3] Moreover, a significant fraction of village's active population works abroad, especially in the Gulf countries, and foreign remittances contribute a great deal to the local economy.[4]

Religious sites

Budhabare is home to numerous temple sites that are sacred to Hindu devotees. Pilgrims and worshippers from all over the village and other places flock to these religious spaces during special occasions. Some of the eminent holy places located across the several wards of the village include:



  1. 1 2 "National Population and Housing Census 2011 (Nepal)" (PDF). cbs.gov.np. Central Bureau of Statistics, Nepal. Retrieved 1 June 2016.
  2. Budhabare: Hijo ra Aaja (in Nepali) (First ed.). Village Development Committee, Budhabare.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "NEP: Third Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project – Budhabare, Jhapa District" (PDF). adb.org. Asian Development Bank. Retrieved 6 June 2016.
  4. 1 2 3 Bimala Pandey. "Role of Remittance in Rural Poverty Reduction - A Case Study of Budhabare-9, Jhapa, Nepal" (PDF). Norwegian University of Life Sciences. Retrieved 4 June 2016.
  5. "Co-ordinates of Budhabare, Mechi". maps.google.com. Google Maps. Retrieved 2 June 2016.
  6. 1 2 3 "Climatic Data of Budhabare, Mechi". en.climate-data.org. Climate-data.org. Retrieved 1 June 2016.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 "National Population and Housing Census, 2011 (Jhapa)" (PDF). cbs.gov.np. Central Bureau of Statistics, Nepal. Retrieved 5 June 2016.
  8. CIA (2011) The World Factbook : Nepal.
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