Stratigraphic range: Rupelian
|Underlies||Sharps Formation, Arikaree Formation|
|Thickness||6 to 65 m.|
|Primary||Fine grained clastic rocks|
|Other||Freshwater limestone, Tuff, Sandstone|
|Region||North Dakota, South Dakota|
The Brule Formation was deposited between 34 and 30 million years ago, roughly the Rupelian (Oligocene). It is a sequence of fine grained clastic rocks (claystones, mudstones, siltstones) interbeded with freshwater carbonates, volcanic ash (tuff), and sandstone.
- Fitterer Ranch
- Obritsch Ranch
- Little Badlands in Stark County
- Chalky Buttes (including White Butte) in Slope County
Cat fish, several mammals such as nimravids and hesperocyon and sunfish fossils are known from the Brule Formation in Badlands National Park. Notable among the local fauna are bathornithid birds, ranging from the highly varied wetland-dwelling Bathornis species to the gigantic Paracrax.
- "Lithostratigraphy, Paleontology, and Biochronology of the Chadron, Brule, and Arikaree Formations in North Dakota". Retrieved 28 February 2013.
- "Geologic Formations". nps.gov.
- Hunt, ReBecca K., Vincent L. Santucci and Jason Kenworthy. 2006. "A preliminary inventory of fossil fish from National Park Service units." in S.G. Lucas, J.A. Spielmann, P.M. Hester, J.P. Kenworthy, and V.L. Santucci (ed.s), Fossils from Federal Lands. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin 34, pp. 63-69.