Roman Catholic Diocese of Angoulême
|Diocese of Angoulême|
|Metropolitan||Archdiocese of Poitiers|
|Area||5,972 km2 (2,306 sq mi)|
(as of 2012)|
|Cathedral||Cathedral of St Peter in Angoulême|
Saint Ausonius of Angoulême|
|Metropolitan Archbishop||Pascal Wintzer|
|Emeritus Bishops||Georges Rol Bishop Emeritus (1975-1993)|
|Website of the Diocese|
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Angoulême is a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic church in France. Originally erected in the 3rd century, the episcopal see is the Angoulême Cathedral. Comprising the département of the Charente, the diocese has always been suffragan to the Archbishopric of Bordeaux, under the old régime as well as under the Concordat.
Its first bishop was Ausonius, a disciple, it is said, of St. Martial, concerning whom we have two historical authorities: St. Gregory of Tours, who held that St. Martial preached the gospel in Limoges about the year 250, and the Limousin traditions, transmitted or invented by the chronicler Adhémar de Chabannes, who maintained that St. Martial was the immediate disciple of St. Peter. According to the latter opinion St. Ausonius was a bishop of the first century; according to the former, of the third century. At least one modern historian believes it likely that Ausonius lived even later, in the 4th century.
St. Salvius, honoured as a martyr at Valenciennes, whom the Gallia Christiana makes a Bishop of Angoulême, was undoubtedly only a missionary bishop of the eighth century. In the list of the Bishops of Angoulême is found the name of the poet Octavien de St. Gelais (1494–1502).
The religious monuments of the province of Angoumois are remarkable for their admirable Romano-Byzantine façades. The most beautiful of them is St. Peter's Cathedral at Angoulême. The memory of a wealthy and famous Augustinian abbey, founded in 1122, is kept alive by its ruins at Couronne, near Angoulême.
In 1236, the Jewish community of Angouleme, along with those in Anjou, Poitou, and Bordeaux, was attacked by crusaders. 500 Jews from these communities chose conversion and over 3000 were massacred. Pope Gregory IX, who originally had called the crusade, was outraged about this brutality and criticized the clergy of the diocese of angouleme for not preventing it.
- Ausonius (4th century)
- Dynamius (before 431–451 or later)
- Lupicinus (511 or before–541 or later)
- Aptonius (542–566)
- Maracharius or Mererius (567–573)
- Frontonius (573–574)
- Heraclius (c.574–c.580)
- Nicasius (before 584–c.590 or after)
- Bassolus (614)
- Namatius (626/627–637)
- Ebargehenus (mid 7th century)
- Tomanius (662/675–677)
- Ardoin (late 7th century–early 8th)
- Sidranius (first half of the 9th century)
- Fredebert (835)
- Launus (848–January 25, 861 or 862)
- Helias Scotigena (862–c.875)
- Oliba (c.875–September 3, 892)
- Anatolius (892–March or April 895)
- Gombaud (March 2, 897–March 23, 940)
- Fulk (January 938–February 951)
- Eblo (April 2, 951–January 18, 964)
- Ramnulf (February or April 963–January 973)
- Hugh of Jarnac (973–990)
- Grimoard of Mussidan (September 22, 991–January 28, 1018)
- Roho of Montaigu (c.1020–March 12 between 1032 and 1036)
- Gerald Malart (1037 or before–June 15, 1043)
- William Taillefer (1043–September 20, 1075 or 1076)
- Adémar Taillefer (May 15, 1075 – September 4, 1101)
- Gerald (1101 or 1102–March 1, 1136)
- Lambert (May 24, 1136 – June 13, 1149)
- Hugh Tison of La Rochefoucauld (June 11, 1149 – August 12, 1159)
- Peter Titmond (1159–1182)
- John of Saint-Val (1181–March 7, 1204)
- William Testaud (1206–1227)
- John Guillot (1228–c.1238)
- Radulfus (c.1240–1247)
- Peter (1247–1252)
- Robert of Montbron (1252–1268)
- sede vacante (1268–1272)
- Peter Raymond (1272–1273)
- William of Blaye (October 12, 1273 – 1307)
- Fulk of La Rochefoucauld (1308–1313)
- Oliver (1313–1315)
- John III (1315–1317)
- Galhardus of Fougères (1318–1328)
- Ayquelin of Blaye (1328-1363)
- Helias of Pons (1363–1381)
- Octavien de St. Gelais (October 18, 1494 appointed–1502 died)
- Antoine d’Estaing (September 16, 1506 appointed–February 28, 1523 died)
- Antoine de La Barre (January 14, 1524 appointed–15 July 15, 1527 appointed Archbishop of Tours)
- Philibert Babou de La Bourdaisière (January 13, 1533 appointed–June 4, 1567 resigned)
- Charles de Bony (June 4, 1567 appointed—December 14, 1603 died)
- Jacques Le Noël du Perron (1636 appointed–August 24, 1646 appointed Bishop of Évreux)
- François de Péricard (1646 appointed–September 29, 1689 died)
- Cyprien-Gabriel Bénard de Résay (March 10, 1692 confirmed–January 5, 1737 died)
- François du Verdier (December 16, 1737 appointed–September 21, 1753 died)
- Joseph-Amédée de Broglie (February 11, 1754 appointed–1784 died)
- Philippe-François d’Albignac de Castelnau (June 25, 1784 appointed–1806 died)
- Dominique Lacombe (April 11, 1802 appointed–April 7, 1823 died)
- Jean-Joseph-Pierre Guigou (September 10, 1823 appointed–May 21, 1842 died)
- René-François Régnier (June 15, 1842 appointed–May 16, 1850 appointed Archbishop of Cambrai)
- Antoine-Charles Cousseau (June 17, 1850 appointed–August 12, 1872 resigned)
- Alexandre-Léopold Sebaux (December 16, 1872 appointed–May 17, 1891 died)
- Jean-Baptiste Frérot (April 2, 1892 appointed–September 6, 1899 died)
- Jean Louis Mando (December 7, 1899 appointed–July 24, 1900 died)
- Joseph-François-Ernest Ricard (April 7, 1901 appointed–April 15, 1907 appointed Archbishop of Auch)
- Henri-Marie Arlet (August 7, 1907 appointed–May 15, 1933 died)
- Jean-Baptiste Mégnin (December 7, 1933 appointed–May 9, 1965 died)
- René-Noël-Joseph Kérautret (May 9, 1965 succeeded–July 1, 1975 resigned)
- Georges Rol (July 1, 1975 succeeded–Dec 22, 1993 resigned)
- Claude Jean Pierre Dagens (December 22, 1993 succeeded–)
- Favreau, 9.
- Favreau, 10.
- Favreau, 10–11.
- Favreau, 11.
- Favreau, 11–12.
- Favreau, 12.
- Favreau, 12–13.
- Favreau, 13.
- Favreau, 14.
- Favreau, 14–15.
- Some lists note a Landebertus and Saint Salvius as bishops in the 8th century. Landebertus is only found as having attended a council at Narbonne in 788, but this is apocryphal. Traditionally celebrated as a bishop of Angoulême, Saint Sauve is found on some later lists, but his vita was written soon after his death and makes no mention of Angoulême. Favreau, 14.
- Favreau, 14–15, also notes a Bishop Autbertus in 844, but he only appears in the Chronicle of Saint-Maixent, which is probably derived from a spurious charter. His existence is therefore doubtful.
- Favreau, 16.
- A bishop Girbaldus is noted in the Annales Engolismenses (MGH SS, 4:5 and 16:486) as dying in 864, but he is not attested to in any other document and Helias attended a church council in 862. Favreau, 16–17.
- Favreau, 17. However, Oliba may have been bishop as early as 869, as Helias is last seen at the council of Vermery in 869. Debord, 93.
- Favreau, 17.
- A bishop Godalbert, who would have been bishop between Anatolius and Gombaud, is found on a twelfth-century episcopal list which does not include his date of death (while it does for surrounding bishops). Puybaudet, "Une liste épiscopale d’Angoulême," 282. Not attested to in any other document, Favreau rejects his existence, noting that his name might have been confused with Gumbaldus (Gombaud's name in Latin), especially since Gombaud was called "Gundaberto" in the Chronicle of Saint-Maixent Favreau, 18.
- Favreau, 18.
- Favreau, 19.
- Favreau, 19–20.
- Favreau, 21–22.
- Roho may have become bishop as early as 1018, but is only attested to in 1020. Favreau, 22–23.
- Favreau, 24.
- Favreau, 24–26.
- Favreau, 26–28.
- Favreau, 28–33.
- Favreau, 33–35.
- Favreau, 35–37.
- Elected in 1159, consecrated in 1160. Favreau, 37–39.
- Elected in 1181, consecrated in 1182. Favreau, 39–40.
- Piveteau, 122.
- Piveteau, 122–23.
- Piveteau, 125–28.
- Piveteau, 123–24.
- Elected in 1252, consecrated in 1253. Piveteau, 128.
- Piveteau, 124–25.
- Elected on October 12, 1273 and consecrated January 15 of the following year. Piveteau, 130–33.
- Piveteau, 133–34.
- Piveteau, 134.
- Piveteau, 135.
- Piveteau, 136.
- Piveteau, 135–39.
- Piveteau, 137.
- "Diocese of Angoulême". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- David M. Cheney. "Diocese of Angoulême: Past and Present Ordinaries." Accessed May 26, 2014. http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/diocese/dango.html.
- Debord, André. La société laïque dans les pays de la Charente, Xe-XIIe s. Paris: Picard, 1984.
- Favreau, Robert. "Évêques d’Angoulême et Saintes avant 1200." Revue historique du Centre-Ouest 9, no. 1 (2010): 7–142.
- Pertz, Georgius Henricus, ed. "Annales Engolismenses." In Monumenta Germaniae Historica Scriptorum t.4, 5. Hannover: Impensis Bibliopolii Hahniani, 1841.
- Pertz, Georgius Henricus, ed. "Annales Engolismenses." In Monumenta Germaniae Historica Scriptorum t.16, 485-87. Hannover: Impensis Bibliopolii Hahniani, 1859.
- Piveteau, Cécile. "Les évêques d'Angoulême aux XIIIe et XIVe siècles." Bulletins et mémoires de la Société archéologique et historique de la Charente (1983): 119–39.
- Puybaudet, Guy de. "Une liste épiscopale d'Angoulême." Mélanges d'archéologie et d'histoire 17 (1897): 279–84.