Birmingham Edgbaston (UK Parliament constituency)

Coordinates: 52°27′N 1°54′W / 52.450°N 1.900°W / 52.450; -1.900

Birmingham Edgbaston
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons

Outline map

Boundary of Birmingham Edgbaston in Birmingham.

Outline map

Location of Birmingham within England.
County West Midlands
Population 96,568 (2011 census)[1]
Electorate 69,039 (December 2010)[2]
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of parliament Gisela Stuart (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Birmingham
European Parliament constituency West Midlands

Birmingham, Edgbaston is a constituency[n 1] in the Edgbaston area of Birmingham represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Gisela Stuart MP of the Labour Party.[n 2]

Its best-known MP internationally was Neville Chamberlain (Prime Minister 1937-1940), and since 1953 it has been represented only by women MPs. Since 1992 it has been a marginal constituency between the Labour Party and the Conservative Party.


1885-1918: The Municipal Borough of Birmingham ward of Edgbaston, part of Rotton Park ward, the local government district of Harborne, and part of the local government district of Balsall Heath.

1918-1974: The County Borough of Birmingham wards of Edgbaston, Harborne, and Market Hall.

1974-1983: The County Borough of Birmingham wards of Deritend, Edgbaston, Harborne, and Quinton.

1983-1997: The City of Birmingham wards of Edgbaston, Harborne, and Quinton.

1997–present: The City of Birmingham wards of Bartley Green, Edgbaston, Harborne, and Quinton.

Situated to the south west of Birmingham city centre, this is a neat and mostly middle-class constituency with limited social housing, with parks, Warwickshire's cricket ground and two grammar schools. It was a safe Conservative seat for decades, emphasised by solid Tory areas like Edgbaston itself and Bartley Green, but some areas, such as the more Labour-inclined Quinton and Harborne, have pockets of considerable deprivation and of low incomes, helping Labour hold the seat since 1997. It contains the University of Birmingham's main campus, and most of the student halls.


The seat was held by the Conservatives until the 1997 Election. At that election it was the ninth seat to declare and the first seat to be gained by Labour from the Conservatives[3] on a 10% swing, presaging the Labour landslide of that year.

Edgbaston has returned a female MP since 1953, longer than any other constituency.[4] The sitting MP is Gisela Stuart. It has been classified as a marginal seat.[5]

Members of Parliament

1885 George Dixon Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1898 by-election Francis Lowe Conservative
1929 Rt Hon Neville Chamberlain Conservative Prime Minister 1937-1940; died 1940
1940 by-election Peter Bennett Conservative Resigned 1953 on being raised to the peerage
1953 by-election Dame Edith Pitt Conservative Died January 1966; no by-election held due to imminent general election
1966 Dame Jill Knight Conservative
1997 Gisela Stuart Labour

Election results 1931-2015

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
General Election 2015 [7]
Electorate: 65,544
Turnout: 41,293 (63.0%) +2.3
Labour hold
Majority: 2,706 (6.6%) +3.5
Swing: 1.8% from Con to Lab
Gisela StuartLabour18,51844.8+4.2
Luke Evans[8] Conservative15,81238.3+0.7
Graham Short[9] UKIP4,15410.1+8.3
Philip McDonald Simpson Green1,3713.3+2.2
Lee Dargue[8] Liberal Democrat1,1842.9−12.5
Gabriel Ukandu Christian1630.4+0.1
Henna Rai Independent910.2N/A
General Election 2010 [10]
Electorate: 69,039
Turnout: 41,571 (60.6%) +3.3
Labour hold
Majority: 1,274 (3.1%) −3.1
Swing: 1.3% from Lab to Con
Gisela StuartLabour16,89440.6−2.5
Deirdre Alden Conservative15,62037.6+0.1
Roger Harmer Liberal Democrat6,38715.4+2.6
Trevor Lloyd BNP1,1962.9N/A
Stephen White UKIP7321.8−0.4
Philip McDonald Simpson Green4691.1−1.7
Harry Takhar Impact Party1460.4N/A
Charith Fernando Christian1270.3N/A
General Election 2005 [11]
Turnout: 37,631 (58.0%) +2.0
Labour hold
Majority: 2,349 (6.2%) −6.2
Swing: 1.3% from Lab to Con
Gisela StuartLabour16,46543.8−5.3
Deirdre Alden Conservative14,11637.5+0.9
Mike D. Dixon Liberal Democrat5,18513.8+1.8
Peter C. Beck Green1,1163.0N/A
Stephen White UKIP7492.0N/A
General Election 2001 [12]
Turnout: 37,749 (56.0%) 13.0
Labour hold
Majority: 4,698 (12.4%) +2.4
Swing: 0.8% from Lab to Con
Gisela StuartLabour18,51749.1+0.5
Nigel Hastilow Conservative13,81936.6−2.0
Nicola Davies Liberal Democrat4,52812.0+2.3
Collis Gretton Pro-Euro Conservative4541.2N/A
Sam Brackenbury Socialist Labour4311.1N/A
General Election 1997 [13]
Turnout: 48,465 (69.0%) 2.3
Labour gain from Conservative
Majority: 4,842 (10.0%) N/A
Swing: 10.0% from Con to Lab
Gisela StuartLabour23,55448.6+9.3
Andrew Marshall Conservative18,71238.6−10.7
James Young Gallagher Liberal Democrat4,6919.7−0.4
Jonathan Paul Oakton Referendum1,0652.2N/A
Derek Lawrence Campbell British Democratic Party4430.9N/A
General Election 1992 [14]
Turnout: 37,813 (71.3%) +2.7
Conservative hold
Majority: 4,307 (11.4%) −11.6
Swing: 5.8% from Con to Lab
Dame Jill KnightConservative18,52949.0−0.8
John Federick Wilton Labour14,22237.6+10.8
Dr. Iain R.S. Robertson-Steel Liberal Democrat4,41911.7−9.3
Philip McDonald Simpson Green6431.7+0.2
General Election 1987 [15]
Turnout: 37,318 (68.6%) +2.4
Conservative hold
Majority: 8,581 (22.9%) −8.4
Dame Jill KnightConservative18,59549.8−3.9
John Federick Wilton Labour10,01426.9+5.9
Joseph Christopher Binns Social Democratic7,84321.0−1.4
Philip McDonald Simpson Green5591.5N/A
Stephen Thomas Hardwick Independent Conservative3070.8−0.0
General Election 1983 [16]
Turnout: 36,546 (66.2%) −1.6
Conservative hold
Majority: 11,418 (31.3%) +10.7
Dame Jill KnightConservative19,58553.7−0.4
Joseph Christopher Binns Social Democratic8,16722.4N/A
Peter Alan Bilson Labour7,64721.0−12.5
Dr. John Hurdley Ecology5161.4−0.4
Stephen Thomas Hardwick Independent Conservative2930.8N/A
Patricia Ann Davies Communist1690.4N/A
Daphne Constance Howlett Independent970.3N/A
General Election 1979
Turnout: 46,564 (67.8%)
Conservative hold
Majority: 9,587 (20.6%)
Dame Jill KnightConservative25,19254.1
Andrew Hudson Labour15,60533.5
James Dugued Liberal4,3779.4
Jonathan Tyler Ecology8521.8
Daphne Howlett Independent2970.6
Brian Dore Independent1290.3
Leonard Marshall Independent1120.2
General Election October 1974
Turnout: 63.25%
Conservative hold
Majority: 2,410 (5.44%)
Dame Jill KnightConservative19,48343.95
John Hannah Labour17,07338.52
Peter Davis Liberal7,77017.53
General Election February 1974
Turnout: 69.36%
Conservative hold
Majority: 5,920 (12.26%)
Dame Jill KnightConservative25,91453.65
John Hannah Labour19,99441.40
Leonard Marshall Independent2,3914.95
General Election 1970
Turnout: 63.64%
Conservative hold
Majority: 10,643 (28.41%)
Dame Jill KnightConservative23,69063.24
John Sever Labour13,04734.83
Daphne Howlett Independent7251.94
General Election 1966
Turnout: 67.82%
Conservative hold
Majority: 7,534 (21.51%)
Dame Jill KnightConservative18,86953.86
EO Smith Labour11,33532.36
DJ Badger Liberal4,82913.78
General Election 1964
Turnout: 66.47%
Conservative hold
Majority: 11,759 (34.71%)
Dame Edith PittConservative22,81867.36
AJ Kazantzis Labour11,05932,64
General Election 1959
Turnout: 67.97%
Conservative hold
Majority: 14,928 (39.41%)
Dame Edith PittConservative26,40169.71
NF Hinks Labour11,47330.29
General Election 1955
Turnout: 68.22%
Conservative hold
Majority: 14,094 (35.33%)
Dame Edith PittConservative26,99167.67
KV Russell Labour12,89732.33
By-election, 2 July 1953Conservative hold
Majority: 10,507
Dame Edith PittConservative20,142
FB Watson Labour9,635
General Election 1951
Turnout: 76.06%
Conservative hold
Majority: 13,104 (28.58%)
Peter BennettConservative29,47764.29
WJS Pringle Labour16,37335.71
General Election 1950
Turnout: 78.76%
Conservative hold
Majority: 11,892 (25.35%)
Peter BennettConservative29,40462.67
JA Hobson Labour17,51237.33
General Election 1945
Turnout: 69.18%
Conservative hold
Majority: 8,618 (21.43%)
Peter BennettConservative21,49753.46
GC Barrow Labour12,87932.03
Arthur Asher Shenfield Liberal5,83214.50
By-election, 9 December 1940Conservative hold Peter BennettConservativeunopposed
General Election 1935
Turnout: 62.41%
Conservative hold
Majority: 21,862 (63.14%)
Rt Hon Neville ChamberlainConservative28,24381.57
J Adshead Labour6,38118.43
General Election 1931
Turnout: 70.88%
Conservative hold
Majority: 27,928 (73.03%)
Rt Hon Neville ChamberlainConservative33,08586.51
WW Blaylock Labour5,15713.49

Election results 1918-1929

General Election 1929: Birmingham Edgbaston [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Rt Hon. Arthur Neville Chamberlain 23,350 63.7
Labour William Henry Dashwood Caple 8,590 23.4
Liberal Percy Reginald Coombs Young 4,720 12.9 n/a
Majority 14,760 40.3
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1923: Birmingham Edgbaston [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Sir Francis William Lowe 15,459 72.2
Liberal Alfred William Bowkett 5,962 27.8 n/a
Majority 9,497 44.4
Turnout 56.7
Unionist hold Swing

Election results 1885-1910

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
December 1910 General Election
Electorate: 13,383
Conservative hold Sir Francis William LoweConservativeunopposed
January 1910 General Election
Electorate: 13,383
Turnout: 80.7% (+2.3)
Conservative hold
Majority: 5,101 (47.2%) +7.0
Swing: +3.5% from Lib to Con
Sir Francis William LoweConservative7,95173.6+3.5
Prof. John Hartman Morgan Liberal2,85026.4-3.5
1906 General Election
Electorate: 13,230
Turnout: 78.4%
Conservative hold
Majority: 4,160 (40.2%)
Sir Francis William LoweConservative7,26370.1
Hon. Lionel Raleigh Holland Liberal3,10329.9
1900 General ElectionConservative hold Francis William LoweConservativeunopposed
By-election, 15 February 1898Conservative hold Francis William LoweConservativeunopposed
1895 General ElectionLiberal Unionist hold George DixonLiberal Unionistunopposed
1892 General ElectionLiberal Unionist hold George DixonLiberal Unionistunopposed
1886 General ElectionLiberal Unionist gain from LiberalGeorge DixonLiberal Unionistunopposed
1885 General Election
Electorate: 8,693
Turnout: 80.6%
Liberal gain from new seat
Majority: 1,191 (17.0%)
George DixonLiberal4,09858.5
Sir John Eardley Eardley-Wilmot, Bt. Conservative2,90741.5

See also

Notes and references

  1. A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  1. "Birmingham, Edgbaston: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 29 January 2015.
  2. "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  3. "Order of Declaration in the 1997 Election".
  4. "House of Commons Hansard Debates for 10 Apr 2013 (pt 0002)".
  5. "Voter Power Index results for Birmingham Edgbaston".
  6. Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "E" (part 1)
  7. "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  9. "Parliamentary Candidates".
  10. "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  11. "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  12. "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  13. "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  14. "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  15. "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  16. "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  17. 1 2 British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Colne Valley
Constituency represented by the Chancellor of the Exchequer
Succeeded by
Spen Valley
Preceded by
Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
Succeeded by
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