Bill Cosby

Bill Cosby

Cosby in 2011.
Born William Henry Cosby, Jr.
(1937-07-12) July 12, 1937
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Alma mater Temple University (1971)
Occupation Actor, comedian, author
Years active 1961–present
Spouse(s) Camille Hanks (m. 1964)
Children 5, including Erika Cosby, Ennis Cosby

Comedy career

Medium Stand-up comedy, film, television
Genres Observational comedy, satire, surreal humor, deadpan

William Henry "Bill" Cosby, Jr. (born July 12, 1937) is an American stand-up comedian, actor, and author.

Cosby's start in stand-up comedy began at the hungry i in San Francisco, and was followed by his landing a starring role in the 1960s television show I Spy. He was also a regular on the children's television series The Electric Company during the show's first two seasons.

Using the Fat Albert character developed during his stand-up routines, Cosby created, produced, and hosted the animated comedy television series Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids, a show that ran from 1972 to 1985, centering on a group of young friends growing up in an urban area. Throughout the 1970s, Cosby starred in a number of films, and he occasionally returned to film later in his career. After attending Temple University in the 1960s, he received his bachelor's degree there in 1971. In 1973 he received a master's degree from the University of Massachusetts Amherst, and in 1976 he earned his Doctor of Education degree, also from UMass. His dissertation discussed the use of Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids as a teaching tool in elementary schools.

Beginning in the 1980s, Cosby produced and starred in a television sitcom, The Cosby Show, which aired from 1984 to 1992 and was rated as the number one show in America for five years, 1984 through 1989.[1] The sitcom highlighted the experiences and growth of an affluent African-American family. Cosby produced the Cosby Show spin-off sitcom A Different World, which aired from 1987 to 1993; starred in the sitcom Cosby from 1996 to 2000; and hosted Kids Say the Darndest Things for two seasons, from 1998 to 2000.

Cosby has been the subject of publicized sexual assault allegations since about 2000. He has been accused by 60 women of rape, drug facilitated sexual assault, sexual battery, child sexual abuse, and sexual misconduct, with the earliest alleged incidents taking place in the mid-1960s and the most recent in 2008.[2] He has denied the allegations. Most of the acts alleged by his accusers fall outside the statutes of limitations for legal proceedings. Numerous related lawsuits against Cosby are pending, and he has been charged with three felony counts of aggravated indecent assault in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. He surrendered to authorities on December 30, 2015, and was released on $1 million bail.[3][4] Cosby is scheduled to go on trial on or before June 5, 2017.[5]

Early life

Cosby in 1957

Cosby was born on July 12, 1937[6] in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.[7] He is one of four sons of Anna Pearl (née Hite), a maid, and William Henry Cosby Sr., who served as a mess steward in the U.S. Navy.[7][8] During much of Cosby's early childhood, his father was away in the U.S. armed forces, spending several years serving in the theater of war in World War II. As a student, he described himself as a class clown. Cosby was the captain of both the baseball team and the track and field team at Mary Channing Wister Public School in Philadelphia, as well as the class president.[9] Early on, though, teachers noted his propensity for clowning around rather than studying.[10] At FitzSimons Junior High School, Cosby began acting in plays as well as continuing his devotion to playing sports.[11]

Cosby went on to Philadelphia's Central High School, a magnet and academically rigorous university prep school where he played football, basketball, baseball, and ran track.[11][12] In addition, Cosby was working before and after school, selling produce, shining shoes, and stocking shelves at a supermarket to help out the family.[11] He transferred to Germantown High School, but failed the tenth grade.[13] Instead of repeating, he got a job as an apprentice at a shoe repair shop, which he liked, but could not see himself doing the rest of his life.[11]

In 1956,[14] Cosby enlisted in the Navy, serving at the Marine Corps Base Quantico, Virginia, Naval Station Argentia, Newfoundland and at the Bethesda Naval Hospital in Maryland.[15] During his four years in the Navy, Cosby served as a Hospital Corpsman working in physical therapy with Navy and Marine Corps personnel injured during the Korean War.[15]

He finished his equivalency diploma via correspondence courses[16] and was awarded a track and field scholarship to Philadelphia's Temple University in 1961.[17] There, he studied physical education while running track and playing fullback on the university's football team. As Cosby progressed through his undergraduate studies, he continued to hone his talent for humor, joking with fellow enlistees in the service and then with college friends. When he began bartending at a Philadelphia club to earn money, he became more aware of his ability to make people laugh. After using humor on his customers and seeing his tips increase, he then took his talent to the stage.[18]

Stand-up career

Cosby left Temple to pursue a career in comedy, lining up standup jobs at clubs first in Philadelphia and then in New York City, where he appeared at The Gaslight Cafe beginning in 1961.[11] He booked dates in cities such as Chicago, Las Vegas, San Francisco, Washington, D.C.. He received national exposure on NBC's The Tonight Show in the summer of 1963. This led to a recording contract with Warner Bros. Records, who, in 1964, released his debut LP Bill Cosby Is a Very Funny Fellow...Right!, the first of a series of comedy albums.[19] His album To Russell, My Brother, Whom I Slept With was number 1 on Spin Magazines list of "The 40 Greatest Comedy Albums of All Time", calling it "stand-up comedy's masterpiece".[20]

While many comics of the time were using the growing freedom of that decade to explore material that was controversial and sometimes risqué, Cosby was making his reputation with humorous recollections of his childhood. Many Americans wondered about the absence of race as a topic in Cosby's stories. As Cosby's success grew he had to defend his choice of material regularly; as he argued, "A white person listens to my act and he laughs and he thinks, 'Yeah, that's the way I see it too.' Okay. He's white. I'm Negro. And we both see things the same way. That must mean that we are alike. Right? So I figure this way I'm doing as much for good race relations as the next guy."[21]

In 1983 he released the concert film Bill Cosby: Himself; it is widely regarded as "the greatest comedy concert film ever".[22] Younger, well-established comics like Jerry Seinfeld have credited Cosby as an innovator both as a practitioner of the genre of standup comedy, but also as a person who paved the way for comics to break into sitcom television. Seinfeld said of Cosby: "He opened a door for all of us, for all of the networks to even consider that this was a way to create a character, was to take someone who can hold an audience just by being up there and telling their story. He created that. He created the whole idea of taking a quote-unquote 'comic' and developing a TV show just from a persona that you see onstage."[23] Comedian Larry Wilmore also saw a connection between Bill Cosby: Himself and the later success of The Cosby Show, saying: "It's clear that the concert is the template for The Cosby Show."[23]

Cosby performed his first TV standup special in 30 years, "Bill Cosby: Far From Finished", on Comedy Central on November 23, 2013.[24] Cosby's last show of the "Far From Finished" tour was performed at the Cobb Energy Performing Arts Centre in Atlanta, Georgia on May 2, 2015.[25]

In 2014, Cosby was set to release his new stand-up special Bill Cosby 77 on Netflix.[26] The release of the film was cancelled due to allegations of sexual assault.[27]

Acting career

I Spy

In 1965, Cosby was cast alongside Robert Culp in the I Spy espionage adventure series on NBC. I Spy became the first weekly dramatic television series to feature an African American in a starring role.[28] At first Cosby and NBC executives were concerned that some affiliates might be unwilling to carry the series. At the beginning of the 1965 season, four stations declined the show; they were in Georgia, Florida, and Alabama.[29] Viewers were taken with the show's exotic locales and the authentic chemistry between the stars, and it became one of the ratings hits of that television season. I Spy finished among the twenty most-watched shows that year, and Cosby would be honored with three consecutive Emmy Awards for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series.[30] When accepting his third Emmy for the show, Cosby told the audience: "Let the message be known to bigots and racists that they don’t count!"[30]

During the run of the series, Cosby continued to do stand-up comedy performances and recorded a half-dozen record albums for Warner Bros. Records. He also began to dabble in singing, recording Silver Throat: Bill Cosby Sings in 1967, which provided him with a hit single with his recording of Little Ole Man (Uptight, Everything's Alright). As a single, the song sold over one million copies in the U.S. (achieving "gold" status), and hit number 4 on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 chart. He would record several more musical albums into the early 1970s, but he continued to record primarily stand-up comedy work.

In June 1968, Billboard reported that Cosby had turned down a five-year, US$3.5 million contract renewal offer and would leave the label in August that year to record for his own record label.[31]

In July 1968, Cosby narrated "Black History: Lost, Stolen, or Strayed", a CBS documentary addressing the representation of blacks in popular culture.[32] Andy Rooney wrote the Emmy awarded script[33] for Bill Cosby to read.[34] Michael Eric Dyson said it was one of "the rare exceptions when Cosby took off the gloves and blinders, to discuss race in public with candor and discernment."[35] Due to its popularity and controversial nature, it was rebroadcast less than a month later.[36]

Tetragrammaton Records was a division of the Campbell, Silver, Cosby (CSC) Corporation, the Los Angeles-based production company founded by Cosby, his manager Roy Silver, and filmmaker Bruce Post Campbell. It produced films as well as records, including Cosby's television specials, the Fat Albert cartoon special and series and several motion pictures. CSC hired Artie Mogull as President of the label and Tetragrammaton was fairly active during 1968–69 (its most successful signing was British heavy rock band Deep Purple) but it quickly went into the red and ceased trading during 1970.[37]

Fat Albert, The Bill Cosby Show, and the 1970s

Cosby in 1969

Cosby pursued a variety of additional television projects and appeared as a regular guest host on The Tonight Show and as the star of an annual special for NBC. He returned with another series in 1969, The Bill Cosby Show, a situation comedy that ran for two seasons. Cosby played a physical education teacher at a Los Angeles high school. While only a modest critical success, the show was a ratings hit, finishing eleventh in its first season. Cosby was lauded for using African-American performers such as Lillian Randolph, Moms Mabley, and Rex Ingram as characters. According to commentary on the Season 1 DVDs for the show, Cosby was at odds with NBC over his refusal to include a laugh track in the show (he felt that viewers had the ability to find humor for themselves when watching a TV show). He was originally contracted with NBC to do the show for two seasons, and he believes the show was not renewed afterwards for that reason.

After The Bill Cosby Show left the air, Cosby returned to his education. He began graduate work at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. For the PBS series The Electric Company, Cosby recorded several segments teaching reading skills to young children.

In 1972, Cosby received an MA from the University of Massachusetts Amherst and was also back in prime time with a variety series, The New Bill Cosby Show. However, this time he met with poor ratings, and the show lasted only a season. More successful was a Saturday morning show, Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids, hosted by Cosby and based on his own childhood. That series ran from 1972 to 1979, and as The New Fat Albert Show in 1979 and The Adventures of Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids in 1984. Some schools used the program as a teaching tool, and Cosby himself wrote a dissertation on it, "An Integration of the Visual Media Via 'Fat Albert And The Cosby Kids' Into the Elementary School Curriculum as a Teaching Aid and Vehicle to Achieve Increased Learning", as partial fulfillment of obtaining his 1976 doctorate in education, also from the University of Massachusetts.[11][38] Subsequently, Temple University, where Cosby had begun but never finished his undergraduate studies, would grant him his bachelor's degree on the basis of "life experience."[39]

Also during the 1970s, Cosby and other African-American actors, including Sidney Poitier, joined forces to make some successful comedy films that countered the violent "blaxploitation" films of the era. Uptown Saturday Night (1974) and Let's Do It Again (1975) were generally praised, but much of Cosby's film work has fallen flat. Mother, Jugs & Speed (1976), costarring Raquel Welch and Harvey Keitel; A Piece of the Action, with Poitier; and California Suite, a compilation of four Neil Simon plays, were all panned. In addition, Cos (1976) an hour-long variety show featuring puppets, sketches, and musical numbers, was canceled within a year. It was during this season that ABC decided to take advantage of this phase of Cosby's career by associating with Filmation (producers of Fat Albert) in creating live-action segments starring Cosby for the 1964/1971 animated film Journey Back to Oz, which made its network premiere on Christmas 1976, and aired subsequently in syndication. Cosby was also a regular on children's public television programs starting in the 1970s, hosting the "Picture Pages" segments that lasted into the early 1980s.

The Cosby Show and the 1980s

Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame awarded in 1977[40]

Cosby's greatest television success came in September 1984 with the debut of The Cosby Show. The program aired weekly on NBC and went on to become the highest ranking sitcom of all time. Cosby is an advocate for humor that is family-oriented. While working on The Cosby Show he held creative control, co-produced the series and involved himself in every aspect of production. Plots were often based on ideas that Cosby suggested while in meetings with the writing staff.[41] The show had parallels to Cosby's actual family life: like the characters Cliff and Clair Huxtable, Cosby and his wife Camille were college educated, financially successful, and had five children. On the show, Cosby played the role of an obstetrician.

Much of the material from the pilot and first season of The Cosby Show was taken from his video Bill Cosby: Himself, released in 1983. The series was an immediate success, debuting near the top of the ratings and staying there for most of its long run. The Cosby Show is one of only three American programs that have been #1 in the Nielsen ratings for at least five consecutive seasons, along with All in the Family and American Idol.

In 1987, Cosby attempted to return to film with the spy spoof Leonard Part 6. Although Cosby himself was producer and wrote the story, he realized during production that the film was not going to be what he wanted and publicly denounced it, warning audiences to stay away.[42]

1990s and 2000s

Cosby, a production assistant, and Ginna Marston of Partnership for Drug-Free Kids review the script for a 1990 public service spot at Cosby's studio in Astoria, Queens.

After The Cosby Show went off the air in 1992, Cosby embarked on a number of other projects, including a revival of the classic Groucho Marx game show You Bet Your Life (1992–93) along with the TV-movie I Spy Returns (1994) and The Cosby Mysteries (1994). In the mid-1990s, he appeared as a detective in black-and-white film noir-themed commercials for Turner Classic Movies. He made appearances in three more films: Ghost Dad (1990), The Meteor Man (1993), and Jack (1996). In addition, he was interviewed in Spike Lee's 4 Little Girls (1997), a documentary about the 1963 racist bombing of a church in Birmingham, Alabama.

Also in 1996, he started up a new show for CBS, Cosby, again co-starring Phylicia Rashād, his onscreen wife on The Cosby Show. Cosby co-produced the show for Carsey-Werner Productions. The show was based on the British program One Foot in the Grave. It centered on Cosby as Hilton Lucas, an iconoclastic senior citizen who tries to find a new job after being downsized and, in the meantime, gets on his wife's nerves. Madeline Kahn costarred as Rashād's goofy business partner Pauline. Cosby was hired by CBS to be the official spokesman of the WWJ-TV during an advertising campaign from 1995 to 1998. Cosby hosted a CBS special, Kids Say the Darndest Things on February 6, 1995, which was followed after as a full season show, with Cosby as host, from January 9, 1998 to June 23, 2000.[43]

After four seasons, Cosby was canceled. Its last episode aired April 28, 2000. Kids Say the Darndest Things was terminated the same year, and Cosby continued to work with CBS through a development deal and other projects.

A series for preschoolers, Little Bill, made its debut on Nickelodeon in 1999.[44] The network renewed the popular program in November 2000. In 2001, Cosby's agenda included the publication of a new book, as well as delivering the commencement addresses at Morris Brown College,[45] Ohio State University,[46] and at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.[47] Also that year, he signed a deal with 20th Century Fox to develop a live-action feature film centering on the popular Fat Albert character from his 1970s cartoon series. Fat Albert was released in theaters in December 2004. In May 2007 he spoke at the commencement of High Point University.[48]

In the summer of 2009, Cosby hosted a comedy gala at Montreal's Just for Laughs, which is the largest comedy festival in the world.[49]


Cosby received the National Football Foundation's Gold Medal in 2010[50]

A new NBC show, that was scheduled for summer or autumn 2015, created by Mike O'Malley and Mike Sikowitz and to have been produced by The Cosby Show's Tom Werner, was set to feature Cosby as Jonathan Franklin, the patriarch of a multi-generational family.[51] On November 19, 2014, NBC scrapped Cosby's new show after accusations that he sexually assaulted women resurfaced.[52]

Reruns of The Cosby Show have been canceled as a result of the sexual assault allegations against Cosby. On November 19, 2014, TV Land and NBC both ended their relationships with Cosby: TV Land announced that it was pulling reruns from its schedule and also removing clips of the show from its website.[53][54] In December 2014, the Magic Johnson-owned Aspire removed the series from its lineup.[55] In July 2015, broadcast network Bounce TV pulled reruns, and BET's Centric (another Viacom unit) stopped airing reruns.[56] The show is still available on Hulu Plus.[57]

In late 2014 Cosby's agency since 2012, Creative Artists Agency, dropped him as a client [58]

Sexual assault allegations

An anti-Bill Cosby protest in Kitchener, Canada.

Cosby has been the subject of publicized sexual assault allegations. With the earliest alleged incidents allegedly taking place in the mid-1960s, Cosby has been accused by more than 50 women of either rape, drug facilitated sexual assault, sexual battery, child sexual abuse, and/or sexual misconduct. Earlier sexual assault allegations against Cosby became more public after an October 2014 accusation as part of an onstage performance by comedian Hannibal Buress went viral, and many additional claims were made after that date. The dates of the alleged incidents span from 1965 to 2008 across 10 U.S. states and one Canadian province.[59][2][60]

Cosby has repeatedly denied any wrongdoing. In November 2014, Cosby said, in response to a question about the allegations: "I don't talk about it."[61] Cosby has declined to publicly discuss the accusations in past interviews.[62] However, he told Florida Today, "people shouldn't have to go through that and shouldn't answer to innuendos".[62] In May 2015 he said, "I have been in this business 52 years and I've never seen anything like this. Reality is a situation and I can't speak."[63]

Most of the acts alleged fall outside the statutes of limitations for criminal legal proceedings, but numerous civil lawsuits have been brought against Cosby. As of November 2015, eight related civil lawsuits are active against Cosby, including two that also target Cosby's lawyer and one that also implicates his wife and manager Camille Cosby.[64][65] In a December 11, 2015 interview, Gloria Allred who is representing 33 alleged victims, said that there are more alleged victims who have contacted her and that some of those that had contacted her would be coming forward.[66][67] In July 2015, court records from Andrea Constand's 2005 civil lawsuit against Cosby were unsealed and released to the public. In his testimony, Cosby admitted to casual sex, involving use of Quaaludes, with a series of young women, including an admission that his use of drugs in the 1970s was illegal.[68]

In the wake of the allegations, numerous organizations have severed ties with the comedian, and previously awarded honors and titles have been revoked. Reruns of The Cosby Show and other shows featuring Cosby have also been pulled from syndication by many organizations. More than a dozen colleges and universities have rescinded his honorary degrees.[69] In an attempt to explain the backlash against Cosby, Adweek reporter Jason Lynch noted that the "media landscape has changed considerably—and has now been joined by the far-less-forgiving social media arena."[70]

On December 30, 2015, Cosby was charged with sexual assault in Pennsylvania and a warrant for his arrest was issued.[4] Cosby reported to court and was arraigned on the charge. On May 24, 2016, a Pennsylvania judge ruled that there was enough evidence for the case to go to trial.[71] Cosby will remain free on $1 million bail until his trial.[72] Each charge carries a maximum sentence of 10 years; the sentences could be served either concurrently or consecutively as determined by a sentencing judge, if Cosby is convicted.[73] Cosby's trial is scheduled to start on June 5, 2017.[74]

Political views

Main article: Pound Cake speech

In May 2004, after receiving an award at the celebration of the 50th anniversary commemoration of the Brown v. Board of Education ruling—a ruling of the U.S. Supreme Court that outlawed racial segregation in schools—Cosby made public remarks critical of African Americans who put higher priorities on sports, fashion, and "acting hard" than on education, self-respect, and self-improvement, pleading for African-American families to educate their children on the many different aspects of American culture.[75][76]

In the "Pound Cake" speech, Cosby asked that African-American parents teach their children better morals at a younger age. As reported in The Washington Times, Cosby "told reporters during a special session of the Congressional Black Caucus Foundation’s 34th annual legislative conference" that "Parenting needs to come to the forefront. If you need help and you don't know how to parent, we want to be able to reach out and touch you."[77] Richard Leiby of The Washington Post reported, "Bill Cosby was anything but politically correct in his remarks Monday night at a Constitution Hall bash commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Brown v. Board of Education decision."[78]

Cosby again came under sharp criticism and was again largely unapologetic for his stance when he made similar remarks during a speech in a July 1 meeting commemorating the anniversary of Brown v. Board of Education. During that speech, he admonished apathetic blacks for not assisting or concerning themselves with the individuals who are involved with crime or have counter-productive aspirations. He further described those who needed attention as blacks who "had forgotten the sacrifices of those in the Civil Rights Movement."[79]

In 2005, Georgetown University sociology professor Michael Eric Dyson wrote a book, Is Bill Cosby Right? Or Has the Black Middle Class Lost Its Mind?[80] In the book, Dyson wrote that Cosby was overlooking larger social factors that reinforce poverty and associated crime; factors such as deteriorating schools, stagnating wages, dramatic shifts in the economy, offshoring and downsizing, chronic underemployment, and job and capital flight.[81] Dyson suggested that Cosby's comments "betray classist, elitist viewpoints rooted in generational warfare."[80]

Cornel West defended Cosby and his remarks, saying, "he's speaking out of great compassion and trying to get folk to get on the right track, 'cause we've got some brothers and sisters who are not doing the right things, just like in times in our own lives, we don't do the right thing... He is trying to speak honestly and freely and lovingly, and I think that's a very positive thing."[82]

In a 2008 interview, Cosby mentioned Atlanta, Georgia; Chicago, Illinois; Detroit, Michigan; Oakland, California; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and Springfield, Massachusetts among the cities where crime was high and young African-American men were being murdered and jailed in disproportionate numbers. Cosby stood his ground against criticism and affirmed that African-American parents were continuing to fail to inculcate proper standards of moral behavior.[83] Cosby lectured black communities (usually at churches) about his frustrations with certain problems prevalent in underprivileged urban communities, such as illegal drugs; teenage pregnancy; Black Entertainment Television; high-school dropouts; anti-intellectualism; gangsta rap; vulgarity; thievery; offensive clothing; vanity; parental alienation; single-parenting; and failing to live up to the ideals of Frederick Douglass, Martin Luther King, Jr..

Cosby has also been openly critical of conservative Republican politicians in regard to their views on socioeconomic and racial issues. In a 2013 CNN interview regarding voting rights, Cosby stated "this Republican Party is not the Republican Party of 1863, of Abraham Lincoln, abolitionists and slavery, is not good. I think it's important for us to look at the underlying part of it. What is the value of it? Is it that some people are angry because my people no longer want to work for free?"[84]

Personal life

Cosby married Camille Olivia Hanks on January 25, 1964. Together, they have had five children, Erika, Erinn, Ensa, Evin, and Ennis. Their only son, Ennis, was murdered on January 16, 1997, while changing a flat tire on the side of Interstate 405 in Los Angeles. The Cosbys have three grandchildren.[7][85]

Cosby is a Protestant.[86] He maintains homes in Shelburne, Massachusetts, and Cheltenham, Pennsylvania.[87]

Cosby has hosted the Los Angeles Playboy Jazz Festival since 1979. Known as a jazz drummer, he can also be seen playing bass guitar with Jerry Lewis and Sammy Davis, Jr. on Hugh Hefner's 1970s talk show. His story, "The Regular Way", was featured in Playboy's December 1968 issue.[88] Cosby has become an active member of The Jazz Foundation of America.[89] Cosby became involved with the foundation in 2004. For several years, he has been a featured host for its annual benefit, A Great Night in Harlem, at the Apollo Theater in New York City.[90][91] Cosby has stated, many times in his stand up shows, that "kids these days don't know what the jazz is all about".

Cosby is an alumnus supporter of his alma mater, Temple University, particularly its men's basketball team, whose games Cosby frequently attended prior to his arrest. He is also a member of the Omega Psi Phi fraternity; he was initiated in the fraternity's Beta Alpha Alpha graduate chapter in White Plains, New York, in 1988.[92]

In July 2016 it was reported that Cosby is now completely blind, as a result of keratoconus.[93]

Autumn Jackson extortion trial

During Autumn Jackson's extortion trial in July 1997, Cosby testified that he made private payments to Shawn Upshaw, a woman who had briefly been his lover in Las Vegas during the early 1970s. Upshaw later told Cosby that he was the father of her daughter, Autumn Jackson. Cosby denies being the father and said that he gave Upshaw a total of about $100,000 because he did not want her to publicly reveal the affair.[94] Twenty-two-year-old Autumn Jackson was sentenced to 26 months in jail for trying to extort US$40 million from Cosby. In the trial and subsequent appeal, the courts held that Jackson's belief that she was Cosby's child—even if sincere—was irrelevant to the question of her guilt. The courts stated that the mere fact that she was Cosby's child would not have entitled her to the $40 million she demanded, and therefore the demand was extortionate, whether or not she believed herself to be Cosby's daughter.[95] Although both Jackson and Cosby stated at various times that they were willing to undergo DNA testing to determine Jackson's paternity, the two sides never reached an agreement as to when and how to perform the test. After Jackson's conviction, Cosby provided a blood sample for testing, but Jackson refused to participate until after her sentencing.[96][97]

Awards and honors


Outstanding Continued Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role in a Dramatic Series – Primetime Emmys
1966 I Spy – Alexander Scott
1967 I Spy – Alexander Scott
1968 I Spy – Alexander Scott

Outstanding Variety Or Musical Program – Primetime Emmys
1969 The Bill Cosby Special


Best Comedy PerformanceGrammy Awards
1965 I Started Out as a Child
1966 Why Is There Air?
1967 Wonderfulness
1968 Revenge
1969 To Russell, My Brother, Whom I Slept With
1970 Sports
1987 Those of You with or Without Children, You'll Understand

Best Recording for Children – Grammy Awards
1971 The Electric Company – Cast member
1972 Bill Cosby Talks to Kids About Drugs

Honorary degrees

Cosby has been awarded at least 57 honorary degrees since 1985 (some have been revoked; see next section):[104]

Following numerous allegations of sexual assault made against Cosby, a number of his awards were revoked:

Honorary degrees (revoked)

Other revoked awards



Comedy albums

Music albums



Year Single Chart Positions
1967 "Little Ol' Man (Uptight—Everything's Alright)" 4 18
1970 "Grover Henson Feels Forgotten" 70
1976 "I Luv Myself Better Than I Luv Myself" 59
"Yes, Yes, Yes" 46 11


Year Title Role Notes
1965–1968 I Spy Alexander Scott TV series
1968 Black History: Lost, Stolen, or Strayed Self Documentary
1969 Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice Patron at nightclub (uncredited)
1969 Hey, Hey, Hey, It's Fat Albert Bill / Fat Albert / Dumb Donald (voice) TV movie
1969–1971 The Bill Cosby Show Chet Kincaid TV series
1971–1973 The Electric Company Hank TV series
1971 Man and Boy Caleb Revers TV movie
1971 Aesop's Fables Aesop
1972 The New Bill Cosby Show Host TV series
1972–1985 Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids "Fat" Albert Jackson (voice) TV series
1972 To All My Friends on Shore Blue TV movie
1972 Hickey & Boggs Al Hickey
1974 Uptown Saturday Night Wardell Franklin
1974 Journey Back to Oz The Wizard of Oz TV version only
1975 Let's Do It Again Billy Foster
1976 Cos Host TV series
1976 Mother, Jugs & Speed Mother
1977 A Piece of the Action Dave Anderson
1977-1990 Pinwheel Himself Host of the Picture Pages segment
1978 Top Secret Aaron Strickland TV movie
1978 California Suite Dr. Willis Panama
1981 The Devil and Max Devlin Barney Satin
1984–1992 The Cosby Show Dr. Heathcliff "Cliff" Huxtable TV series
1987 Leonard Part 6 Leonard Parker Also producer and writer
1987 Bill Cosby:49 Himself Live comedy concert film released on VHS
1987 A Different World Dr. Heathcliff "Cliff" Huxtable TV series
1990 Ghost Dad Elliot Hopper
1992–1993 You Bet Your Life Host TV series
1993 The Meteor Man Marvin
1994 The Cosby Mysteries Guy Hanks TV movie
1994–1995 The Cosby Mysteries Guy Hanks TV series
1994 I Spy Returns Alexander Scott TV movie
1996 Jack Lawrence Woodruff
1996–2000 Cosby Hilton Lucas TV series
1998–2000 Kids Say the Darndest Things Host TV series
1999–2004 Little Bill Captain Brainstorm (voice) TV series
2002 Sylvia's Path Voice TV movie
2003 Baadasssss! Himself
2004 Fat Albert Himself
2009–2011 OBKB Himself
2014 Bill Cosby 77 Himself


See also


  1. "Classic TV & Movie Hits – The Cosby Show". Retrieved October 26, 2012.
  2. 1 2 Seemayer, Zach (February 26, 2015). "Bill Cosby's Accusers: A Timeline of Alleged Sexual Assault Claims (Updated)". ET Online. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  3. Castillo, Mariano; Hanna, Jason (December 30, 2015). "Bill Cosby arraigned, doesn't enter plea". CNN. Cable News Network. Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  4. 1 2 "Arrest Warrant Issued for Bill Cosby for Alleged 2004 Sexual Assault". Retrieved December 31, 2015.
  5. Rappleye, Connor, Hannah, Tracy (September 6, 2016). "Bill Cosby's Sex Assault Trial Set for June 5". NBC News. Retrieved September 6, 2016.
  6. "Monitor". Entertainment Weekly (1215). Jul 13, 2012. p. 20.
  7. 1 2 3 "Bill Cosby Biography (1937–)". Retrieved September 18, 2009.
  8. Pylant, James (June 2011). "A Glimpse at Bill Cosby's Virginia Roots". Archived from the original on October 26, 2009. Retrieved September 18, 2009.
  9. "Bill Cosby Trivia". Retrieved May 4, 2008.
  10. "Bill Cosby and Me". Behind the Lens. The Washington Post. September 11, 2007. Archived from the original on July 5, 2008. Retrieved May 4, 2008.
  11. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Ghare, Madhavi. "Bill Cosby Biography". Retrieved May 4, 2008.
  13. William Morris Agency. Retrieved July 15, 2015
  14. "Bill Cosby's honorary chief status revoked amid controversy". Navy Times. December 4, 2014. Retrieved December 31, 2015.
  15. 1 2 "Bill Cosby". Veterans Careers. Archived from the original on June 10, 2007. Retrieved March 22, 2016.
  16. "Bill Cosby" Archived February 16, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.. The Kennedy Center. Retrieved February 10, 2014.
  17. "Bill Cosby". Ebony Society of Philatelic Events and Reflections. Retrieved February 10, 2014.
  18. "Bill Cosby – Verve Records". Archived from the original on November 14, 2004.
  21. Smith, Ronald L. (1997). Cosby: The Life of a Comedy Legend. Prometheus Books. p. 57. ISBN 1-57392-126-2.
  23. 1 2 Penn, Nathaniel (May 2013). "The 30th Anniversary of Bill Cosby: Himself —An All-Star Stand-Up Salute".
  24. Genzlinger, Neil (November 22, 2013). "The Art of Burning Rubber vs. Steady Wins the Race". The New York Times.
  25. Kenneally, Tim (May 4, 2015). "Bill Cosby Battles Hecklers at Atlanta Performance: 'Stop it! This Is Our Show'". Boston Globe.
  28. Coatesq, Ta-Nehisi (May 2008). "'This Is How We Lost to the White Man': The audacity of Bill Cosby's black conservatism". The Atlantic Monthly. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  29. Jackson, Andrew Grant (2015). 1965: The Most Revolutionary Year in Music. St. Martins Press. p. 220. ISBN 978-1-250-05962-8. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  30. 1 2 Sanneh, Kelefa (September 15, 2014). "The Eternal Paternal Bill Cosby's never-ending tour". The New Yorker. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  31. "Cosby To Exit WB in August To Join Own Record Firm", Billboard, June 1, 1968, p.1
  32. Jenkins, Henry (1 October 1998). The Children's Culture Reader. NYU Press. pp. 146–147. ISBN 978-0-8147-4231-0. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
  33. Charlie, Charlie; Rooney, Andrew A. (1 October 2010). Andy Rooney: 60 Years of Wisdom and Wit - Real Truth from Real Couples about Lasting Love., Limited. p. 4. ISBN 978-1-4587-5960-3. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
  34. Rooney, Andy (25 January 1997). "Black, white, nation weeps for the Great Bill Cosby". The Daily Reporter. Edwards Publication, Spencer, Iowa, USA. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
  35. Dyson, Michael Eric (2008). Is Bill Cosby Right?: Or Has the Black Middle Class Lost Its Mind?. Basic Books. p. 121. ISBN 978-0-7867-2207-5. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
  36. Sergio (1 July 2014). "Bill Cosby's Forgotten "Militant" Documentary – 'Black History: Lost, Stolen or Strayed' (Watch it Now)". Retrieved 19 August 2016.
  37. "TetragrammatonAlbum Discography". Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  38. The first 22 pages of his dissertation are available at the UMI ProQuest Dissertation Abstracts, publication number AAT 7706369
  39. Holznagel. "From Dropout to Doctorate: A Bill Cosby Educational Timeline". Who2 Biographies. Retrieved December 5, 2010.
  40. Derschowitz, Jessica. "Bill Cosby's Hollywood Walk of Fame star vandalized", CBS News (December 5, 2014).
  41. "People Magazine article (December 10, 1984)". People. Retrieved July 19, 2015.
  42. "Bill Cosby". Yahoo! Movies. Archived from the original on May 21, 2010. Retrieved July 14, 2010.
  43. Brooks, Tim; Marsh, Earle F. (October 17, 2007). The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows, 1946–Present (9 ed.). Ballantine Books. pp. 736–737. ISBN 0-345-49773-2.
  44. "'Little Bill' (1999)". The Internet Movie Database. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
  45. "Who Were Our 2001 College Commencement Speakers? (A sampling)". The Black Excel Newsletter. August 2001. Retrieved June 29, 2015. Bill Cosby (actor and TV personality) spoke at Morris Brown College
  46. "The Ohio State University Commencement Address by Bill Cosby". The Ohio State University. Spring 2001. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
  47. 1 2 "Cosby Urges Rensselaer Graduates: Be Honest, Be Humble". Albany, New York. May 12, 2001. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
  48. "Commencement 2015: Previous Graduation Speakers". High Point University. Spring 2015. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 2007 Commencement Ceremony: Bill Cosby
  49. Brown, Georgia (March 16, 2007). "Five top comedy festivals around the world". The Guardian. London. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
  50. "Temple's Bill Cosby to be Honored with National Football Foundation's Top Award" (Press release). Philadelphia. August 18, 2010. Retrieved November 25, 2015.
  51. McDonald, Soraya Nadia (August 6, 2014). "Is there still a place in television for Bill Cosby?". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  52. "New Bill Cosby TV show scrapped by NBC". BBC News. November 19, 2014.
  53. Rhodan, Maya (November 19, 2014). "TV Land Pulls The Cosby Show From Its Lineup". Time. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
  54. TV Land scraps The Cosby Show marathon set for Thanksgiving week. Variety (November 19, 2014). Retrieved November 19, 2014. "(E)pisodes have been pulled immediately for the foreseeable future...TV Land even removed references to The Cosby Show from its website on Wednesday afternoon as the scandal accelerated."
  55. Cavanaugh, Tim (December 15, 2014). "Magic Turns on Cos: ASPiRE Network Cancels Cosby Programming". Retrieved March 22, 2016.
  56. Friedlander, Whitney (July 7, 2015). "Bounce TV Pulls 'Cosby' Reruns, BET's Centric Yanks 'The Cosby Show'". Retrieved March 22, 2016.
  57. The Cosby Show, Hulu Plus. Retrieved October 10, 2015
  58. Robb, David (July 8, 2015). "Cos And Effect: Dropped Months Ago By CAA, Bill Cosby Is Un-Repped In Hollywood". Deadline Hollywood Daily. Retrieved March 22, 2016.
  59. Stern, Marlow. "Bill Cosby's Long List of Accusers (So Far): 18 Alleged Sexual Assault Victims Between 1965–2004". The Daily Beast. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  60. Ioannou, Filipa; Mathis-Lilley, Ben; Hannon, Elliot (November 21, 2014). "A Complete List of the Women Who Have Accused Bill Cosby of Sexual Assault". Slate. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  61. Rhodan, Maya. "Bill Cosby on Rape Allegations: 'I Don't Talk About It'". Time. Retrieved December 6, 2015.
  62. 1 2 "Bill Cosby defiant about answering sexual assault allegations". KFOR-TV Digital Desk and CNN Wire. Retrieved May 20, 2015.
  63. "Bill Cosby addresses sexual misconduct allegations for the first time". The Week. Retrieved May 16, 2015.
  64. Winton, Richard (July 7, 2015). "Bill Cosby's admission on Quaaludes may spur lawsuits against him, legal experts say". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 9, 2015.
  65. "Bill Cosby Tells Judge That Insurer Is Threatening His Defense Against Accusers". The Hollywood Reporter. September 15, 2015. Retrieved September 15, 2015 via Yahoo News.
  66. Fiorillo, Victor (December 11, 2015). "Gloria Allred on Bad Men, Feminism, and Leaving Philly Behind". Retrieved December 11, 2015.
  67. Template:Cite title=Gloria Allred wins Cobb Energy Bill Cosby concert protest case
  68. Bowley, Graham; Ember, Sydney (July 18, 2015). "Bill Cosby Deposition Reveals Calculated Pursuit of Young Women, Using Fame, Drugs and Deceit". The New York Times. Retrieved July 19, 2015. ...he presented himself in the deposition as an unapologetic, cavalier playboy, someone who used a combination of fame, apparent concern and powerful sedatives in a calculated pursuit of young women....
  69. Holley, Peter (December 1, 2014), "Colleges cut ties with Bill Cosby as the list of women accusing him of sexual assault hits 20", The Washington Post, retrieved September 27, 2015
  70. "How Bill Cosby Went From TV's 'Most Persuasive' Pitchman to Its Most Radioactive NBC pulls the plug, Netflix backs away By Jason Lynch". November 19, 2014. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
  71. "Judge: Bill Cosby to stand trial for assault charges". CNN. Retrieved 24 May 2016.
  72. "Bill Cosby charged in 2004 sex assault case; bail set at $1 million". Associated Press. December 30, 2015. Retrieved December 31, 2015.
  73. Vitagliano, Brian; Yan, Holly; Sgueglia, Kristina (May 25, 2016). "Cosby faces three counts of assault". Retrieved May 25, 2016.
  74. Bill Cosby sex assault trial date set
  75. Brownfeld, Alan (June 17, 2013). "Father's Day with Bill Cosby, an American Original". Retrieved June 26, 2015.
  76. "Bill Cosby: Charity Work & Causes". Retrieved June 26, 2015.
  77. DeBose, Brian (September 9, 2009). "Cosby urges leaders to aid black families". The Washington Times. Retrieved June 26, 2015.
  78. "Publicists With a Cannes-Do Attitude". The Washington Post. May 19, 2004.
  79. "Fattah Lauds Bill Cosby as 'Hometown Hero'". US House of Representatives. Washington DC: Congressman Chaka Fattah. October 26, 2009. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  80. 1 2 Is Bill Cosby Right or Is the Black Middle Class Out of Touch? (Map). NPR. Retrieved July 23, 2009.
  81. Dyson, Michael Eric. "The Injustice Bill Cosby Won't See" (Map). The Washington Post. Retrieved July 28, 2009.
  82. Cornel West radio clip played on Tavis Smiley edition "Bill Cosby: Airdate May 26, 2004" Archived April 20, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  83. "Cosby to blacks: Come on people, it's time for change". Chicago Tribune. June 2, 2008. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
  84. Jones, Joyce (March 6, 2013). "Bill Cosby Sounds Off on the GOP". Retrieved June 26, 2015.
  85. "Bill Cosby Comes Clean". NewsObserver. January 20, 2012. Archived from the original on March 9, 2014.
  86. "Q&A: Bill Cosby Talks Family, Faith and Tim Tebow". The Christian Post.
  87. "Bill Cosby settles lawsuit in drug, sexual assault case". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press. November 9, 2006.
  88. Cosby, Bill (December 1968). "The Regular Way". Playboy. p. 115.
  89. "Bill Cosby". October 13, 2009. Retrieved October 13, 2009.
  90. "Bill Cosby". Retrieved October 13, 2009.
  91. Lee, Felicia R. (May 17, 2007). "Arts, Briefly; Jazz for the Sake of Jazz". The New York Times. Compiled by Lawrence Van Gelder. Retrieved March 22, 2016.
  92. "Beta Alpha Alpha Chapter Lines". Beta Alpha Alpha Chapter of Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Inc. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
  93. Smith, Emily. "Bill Cosby is 'completely blind' and homebound". Page Six. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  94. Goldman, John (July 16, 1997). "Cosby Testifies About Secret Payments". Los Angeles Times.
  95. Weiser, Benjamin (November 16, 1999). "Judges Reinstate Conviction In Extortion of Bill Cosby". The New York Times.
  96. "Woman refuses test to see if Bill Cosby is her father". CNN. July 26, 1997. Retrieved April 25, 2015.
  97. Gliatto, Tom (August 11, 1997). "The Tears of Autumn". People. Retrieved April 25, 2015.
  98. "Biography of Bill Cosby". John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. Archived from the original on February 16, 2007. Retrieved February 23, 2007.
  99. Asante, Molefi Kete (2002). The 100 Greatest African Americans: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Amherst, New York. Prometheus Books. ISBN 1-57392-963-8.
  100. "The comedians' comedian". December 30, 2015.
  101. "Lone Sailor Award recipients".
  102. Itzkoff, Dave (October 27, 2009). "Bill Cosby receives Mark Twain Prize". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-09-22.
  103. Farhi, Paul (2009-10-27). "Bill Cosby is awarded the Twain Prize for humor at the Kennedy Centre". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2013-09-22.
  104. "To Revoke or Not: Colleges That Gave Cosby Honors Face a Tough Question". The New York Times. Retrieved October 6, 2015.
  105. "Commencement: Honorary Degrees". University of Pennsylvania. Archived from the original on August 20, 2007. Retrieved September 19, 2009.
  106. "Commencement: Speakers Since 1938". University of Pennsylvania. Archived from the original on July 10, 2009. Retrieved September 19, 2009.
  107. "A Joyous Day of Academic Celebration – USC's 115th Commencement, May 8, 1998". USC News. May 8, 1998. Retrieved March 27, 2012.
  108. "Bill Cosby: Commencement Speaker". Newswise. May 22, 1999. Retrieved May 19, 2013.
  109. "Georgia college considers rescinding honorary degree given to Bill Cosby; will vote next week". Star Tribune. October 17, 2015. Archived from the original on January 3, 2016.
  110. "Honorary Degrees". Yale Bulletin and Calendar. 31 (31). June 6, 2003. Retrieved September 19, 2009.
  111. "Retiring College President Lee Eliot Berk and Bill Cosby Honored at Berklee College of Music's 2004 Commencement" (Press release). Berklee College of Music. May 8, 2004. Retrieved September 19, 2009.
  112. "Three Score: The Berklee 60th Anniversary Concert". Berklee College of Music. January 28, 2006. Archived from the original on June 25, 2009. Retrieved September 19, 2009.
  113. "Commencement 2007: Celebrating Honors and Achievements". Carnegie Mellon University. Retrieved September 19, 2009.
  114. "VCU 40th Anniversary Events". Virginia Commonwealth University. Archived from the original on February 25, 2010. Retrieved September 19, 2009.
  115. "Bill Cosby is Marquette University's spring Commencement speaker". Marquette University Office of Marketing and Communication. Retrieved May 20, 2013.
  116. "Brown revokes Bill Cosby's honorary degree". Brown Daily Herald. September 28, 2015. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
  117. "Lehigh rescinds Bill Cosby's honorary degree". The Brown and White. October 15, 2015. Retrieved February 5, 2016.
  118. "Bill Cosby's Honorary Degree at Cal Poly Pomona Revoked". Retrieved November 20, 2015.
  119. "Past Speakers and Honorary Degree Recipients". Retrieved May 20, 2014.
  120. "Swarthmore Rescinds Bill Cosby's Honorary Degree". Swarthmore College: News and Events. December 7, 2015. Retrieved July 20, 2016.
  121. "Commencement: Speakers". University of Connecticut. May 18, 1996. Retrieved August 12, 2011.
  122. "Commencement: Honorary Degrees". University of Connecticut. May 18, 1996. Retrieved August 12, 2011.
  123. "UConn Revokes Bill Cosby's Honorary Degree". Hartford Courant. June 29, 2016. Retrieved July 20, 2016.
  124. "Tufts University Revokes Bill Cosby's Honorary Degree". CBS Boston. October 15, 2015. Retrieved October 15, 2015.
  125. "Baltimore's Goucher College Revokes Bill Cosby's Honorary Degree". WBOC 16. October 15, 2015. Retrieved October 15, 2015.
  126. Sanicola, Laura (September 24, 2015). "Another hit for Cosby: Fordham rescinds honorary degree". USA TODAY College. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
  127. Gregorian, Dareh (September 24, 2015). "Fordham revokes Bill Cosby's honorary degree". Daily News. New York. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
  128. "Honorary Degree Recipients" (PDF). Haverford College. July 7, 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 8, 2009. Retrieved September 19, 2009.
  129. "Haverford College rescinds Cosby's degree". February 28, 2016.
  130. "Bill Cosby Commencement Speech 2002". Drew University. May 2002. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
  131. "N.J. college revokes Bill Cosby's honorary degree". Hartford Courant. November 16, 2015. Retrieved July 30, 2016.
  132. "Bill Cosby Lifts Baylor, Waco Spirits At "Pep Rally"". Baylor University. September 5, 2003. Retrieved September 19, 2009.
  133. Stottlemyre, Matthew (October 9, 2015). "Baylor rescinds honorary doctorate given to Bill Cosby in 2003".
  134. "Wilkes University rescinds Cosby's honorary degree". CITIZENS VOICE. October 7, 2015. Retrieved October 7, 2015.
  135. "Oberlin College gives Cosbys, Stevie Wonder honorary doctorates". Retrieved October 12, 2015.
  136. "Oberlin College rescinds honorary degree awarded Bill Cosby". New York Daily News. December 2015. Retrieved December 28, 2015.
  137. "University of San Francisco Rescinds Bill Cosby Honorary Degree". NBC BAY AREA. September 30, 2015. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
  138. "Boston University rescinds Bill Cosby's honorary degree". Boston Globe. December 14, 2015. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
  139. Mass, Chief. "MCPON Designates Bill Cosby Honorary Chief". United States Navy. Archived from the original on November 12, 2011. Retrieved March 29, 2012.
  140. "Bill Cosby's honorary chief status revoked amid controversy". Navy Times. December 4, 2014.
  141. "Navy Revokes Bill Cosby's Honorary Title Amid Sex Assault Claims". NBC News. December 5, 2014.
  142. TV News Desk. "Video: Bill Cosby: Far From Finished on Blu-Ray/DVD Today". Retrieved December 6, 2014.

General references

  • DeBose, Brian (September 9, 2004). "Cosby urges leaders to aid black families". The Washington Times. Archived from the original on December 9, 2007. Retrieved November 4, 2007. 
  • Leiby, Richard. "Publications with a Cannes-Do Attitude." Washington Post. May 19, 2004: 3.
  • Morano, Marc. "Bill Cosby was hounded by President Nixon." World Entertainment News Network. May 1, 2000. March 2, 2006.
  • "Segregated Expectations" USA Today. May 15, 2003: 12.
  • Wu, Frank H. "Brown at 50: Keeping Promises." Black Issues in Higher education. May 20, 2004: 49
  • "Biography — William Henry "Bill" Cosby Jr.". Biographies in Naval History. Naval Historical Center, Department of the Navy. June 22, 2006. Archived from the original on October 26, 2007. Retrieved November 4, 2007. 

Further reading

External links

Wikisource has original text related to this article:
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bill Cosby.
Wikiquote has quotations related to: Bill Cosby
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/25/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.