Location of Bihor County in Romania
|Capital city (Reședință de județ)||Oradea|
|• Type||County Board|
|• President of the County Board||Sándor Pásztor (UDMR)|
|• Prefect2||Claudiu Pop|
|• Total||7,544 km2 (2,913 sq mi)|
|Area rank||6th in Romania|
|Population (2011 census)|
|• Rank||11th in Romania|
|• Density||76/km2 (200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Area code(s)||+40 x594|
|GDP||US$ 5.82 billion (2008)|
|GDP/capita||US$ 9,708 (2008)|
|GDP/capita at purchasing power parity||US$ 17,152 (2009)|
1The developing regions of Romania have no administrative role. They were formed to attract funds from the European Union|
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a civil servant. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned from any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or firing) from the civil service
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county
In 2002, Bihor had a population of 600,246 and the population density was 79.56/km². 48.6% of its population lives in urban areas, lower than the Romanian average.
- Romanian Orthodox – 59.7%
- Reformed – 18.1%;
- Catholic – 11.5% (Roman Catholic – 9.2%; Greek Catholic – 2.3%)
- Pentecostal – 5.7%;
- Baptists – 3.7%;
- Adventist – 0.3%;
This county has a total area of 7,544 km2 (2,913 sq mi). In the East side of the County there are the Apuseni Mountains with heights up to 1,800 m (5,906 ft). The heights decrease westwards, passing through the hills an ending in the Romanian Western Plain – the eastern side of the Pannonian plain.
- Sălaj County, Cluj County and Alba County in the East.
- Hungary in the West – Hajdú-Bihar County.
- Satu Mare County in the North.
- Arad County in the South.
Bihor is one of the wealthiest counties in Romania, with a GDP per capita well above the national average. Recently, the economy has been driven by a number of construction projects. Bihor has the lowest unemployment rate in Romania and among the lowest in Europe, with only 2.4% unemployment, compared to Romania's average of 5.1%.
The predominant industries in the county are:
- Textile industry.
- Food and beverages industry.
- Mechanical components industry.
The main tourist attractions in the county are:
- The city of Oradea.
- The Apuseni Mountains:
- The Stâna de Vale Resort and the Iada valley.
- The Caves around Padiș and on the Sighiștel River Valley.
- The Bear's Cave.
- Băile Felix Resort.
The Bihor County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 35 counselors, with the following party composition:
|Party||Seats||Current County Council|
|National Liberal Party||17|
|Social Democratic Party||9|
|Democratic Alliance of Hungarians||7|
|Alliance of Liberals and Democrats||2|
Bihor County has 4 municipalities, 6 towns and 91 communes.
- Avram Iancu
- Boianu Mare
- Cociuba Mare
- Criștioru de Jos
- Girișu de Criș
- Hidişelu de Sus
- Husasău de Tinca
- Lazuri de Beiuș
- Lugașu de Jos
- Sânnicolau Român
- Suplacu de Barcău
- Uileacu de Beiuș
- Vadu Crișului
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bihor County.|
- "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
- Romanian 2002 Census
- National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia după etnie"
- Recensamantul Populatiei si Locuintelor 2011: Populația stabilă după etnie – județe, municipii, orașe, comune
- Romania and Bihor County Census, 2002, (Hungarian)
- National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992, 2002 și 2011" Archived 22 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Mandate de CJ pe judete si competitori" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.