Big Muddy Badlands

The Big Muddy Badlands are a series of badlands in southern Saskatchewan and northern Montana along Big Muddy Creek. They are found in the Big Muddy Valley, a cleft of erosion and sandstone along Big Muddy Creek. The valley is 55 kilometres (34 mi) long, 3.2 kilometres (2.0 mi) wide and 160 metres (520 ft) deep.[1] The valley was formed when it was part of an ancient glacial meltwater channel that carried great quantities of water southeastward during the last ice age.[2]

Panorama of Castle Butte

In the nineteenth and early twentieth century the Badlands formed the northern end of the "Outlaw Trail", a series of trails and stopping areas utilized by outlaws in the American West spanning from Canada to Mexico. Outlaws such as Dutch Henry and his brother Coyote Pete, Sam Kelly, the Pigeon Toed Kid, and the notorious Sundance Kid turned up in the area.[3][4] Today ranching and tourism are important in the sparsely populated area.

19 kilometres (12 mi) south of Bengough on Highway 34 is Castle Butte, a 70-metre-high (230 ft) outcrop of sandstone and compressed clay which protrudes from the flat prairie.[5][1]


  1. 1 2 Yanko, Dave. "The Badlands". Virtual Saskatchewan. Retrieved 2010-05-11.
  2. Harel, Claude-Jean (2006). "Big Muddy Valley". Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan. Great Plains Research Center. Retrieved 2010-05-11.
  3. Black, D. Grant (May 23, 2007). "Hot on the trail in outlaw territory". The Globe and Mail. CTVglobemedia. Retrieved 2010-05-11.
  4. Yanko, Dave. "Outlaw Rule". Virtual Saskatchewan. Retrieved 2010-05-11.
  5. Granger, Marcel (May 26, 2005). "Big Muddy". Retrieved 2010-05-11.

External links

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