Thal Canal in Bhakkar
Location in Pakistan
|Coordinates: 31°38′N 71°04′E / 31.633°N 71.067°ECoordinates: 31°38′N 71°04′E / 31.633°N 71.067°E|
|Elevation||522 ft (159 m)|
|Time zone||PKT (UTC+5)|
|• Summer (DST)||+6 (UTC)|
Bhakkar was founded probably towards the close of the fifteenth century by a group of colonists from Dera Ismail Khan. During 15th century, Bhakkar saw a struggle for power between Sher Shah Suri and Humayun. It came under Humayun's rule after he restored back the Mughal empire and he appointed Khan Khanan as the governor of the city alongside Multan, as Multan was a province during Mughal empire which included the city of Bhakkar in it.
The Imperial Gazetteer of India described the town as follows:
|“||It stands on the edge of the Thal or sandy plain overlooking the low-lying alluvial lands along; the river, a channel of which is navigable as far as Bhakkar during the floods. To the west of the town the land is low, well cultivated, and subject to inundation, while to the east the country is high and dry, treeless, and sandy. A rich extent of land irrigated from wells lies below the town, protected by embankments from inundations of the Indus, and produces two or three crops in the year. The neighbouring riverain is full of date groves and fruit gardens; and in it stands a famous mango-tree, the fruit of which used to be sent to Kabul in the old days of Afghan rule. The municipality was created in 1874. Its income and expenditure during the ten years ending 1902–3 averaged Rs. 7,700. The income in 1903-4 was Rs. 7,500, chiefly derived from octroi; and the expenditure was Rs. 8,600. The population according to the 1901 census of India was 5,312, at that time the town contained a dispensary and a municipal vernacular middle school.||”|
Places to Visit
There is an Old Date Orchard, locally known as 'Dilkusha Bagh' which is believed by some to be a Mughal garden built by Humayun, however Humayun never visited the area, on his retreat to Iran, he went to another Bakhar in Sindh to seek help from Mahmood Khan, which was however denied by historian Henry Raverty.
- S.R. Sharma (1 January 1999), Mughal Empire in India: A Systematic Study Including Source Material, Volume 1, Atlantic Publishers & Dist, p. 124-235, ISBN 978-8-17-156817-8
- Zulfiqar Ahmad (1988), Notes on Punjab and Mughal India: Selections from Journal of the Punjab Historical Society, The University of Michigan, p. 333-338
- Ashiq Muhammad Khān Durrani (1991), History of Multan: from the early period to 1849 A.D., Vanguard, p. 51, ISBN 978-8-17-156817-8