Berkane Province

Berkane Province
ⵜⴰⵏⴻⴱⴹⵉⵜ ⵏ ⴱⴻⵔⴽⴰⵏ
Country  Morocco
Region Oriental
Capital Berkane
Population (2004)
  Total 270,328

Berkane Province (Berber: Aberkan, ⴱⴻⵔⴽⴰⵏ, Arabic: بَركان) is located in northeastern Morocco in the area of Trifa, bounded by the Mediterranean to its north, the Kiss Oued (Moroccan-Algerian border) and Oujda Perfecture in the east, Nador Province to the west, and Taourirt Province in the south. Berkane Province includes under its jurisdiction the towns of Saïdia and Ahfir. The population of the city is 80,012 (2004 census). The population originate primarily from yat Iznasen, a major tribe which consists of Berber clans. The tribe's descendants are spread over the rest of eastern Morocco, in cities like Ahfir, Saïdia and Oujda. Because of recent immigration from all over Morocco, the eastern dialect of Moroccan Arabic is spoken by most of the citizens, although Berber is still spoken by many of the adults.

Berkane is considered the capital of the citrus fruit industry of Morocco, and high-quality fresh fruit and vegetables are plentiful year round. It is known for its farms of clementines mostly owned by the pro French protectorate Algerians such as Belhaj or Belhaj Bouabdallah family and the Ex drug lord Hoummad Kantari, also a large statue of an orange is at the center of town. It is very close to Saïdia, a popular beach resort town on the Mediterranean, as well as Tafoughalt, a small village in the nearby mountains known for its healthy air and herb markets. Berkane is also famous for being the birthplace of the Olympic athlete Hicham El Guerrouj, who holds the world record for the fastest mile but unfortunately, he has never been a major social player in the development of his native town.

Berkane is a sprawling city centered on Avenue Mohammed V, a commercial and business strip, and boulevard Ibn Sina/Rue Dehb or Alhob(meaning "The Street of Gold and or street of love"), which is lined with many of the most popular cafes and jewelry shops. The city sprawls into the hillsides and connects via bridge to a small neighboring town named Sidi Slimane, giving the impression that it is much larger than the census claims.

The major cities and towns are:


The province is named after its largest city, Berkane. The name of the city comes from the word "aberkan" which means "black" in the Berber language.


The province is divided administratively into the following:[1]

Name Geographic code Type Households Population (2004) Foreign population Moroccan population Notes
Ahfir 113.01.01. Municipality 4160 19482 310 19172
Ain Erreggada 113.01.05. Municipality 625 2983 11 2972
Aklim 113.01.07. Municipality 1812 8969 5 8964
Berkane 113.01.09. Municipality 17245 80012 199 79813
Saïdia 113.01.25. Municipality 829 3338 77 3261
Sidi Slimane Echcharraa 113.01.29. Municipality 4561 22904 14 22890
Aghbal 113.03.01. Rural commune 2704 13809 124 13685
Fezouane 113.03.07. Rural commune 2005 10304 21 10283
Laatamna 113.03.09. Rural commune 3182 15493 177 15316
Madagh 113.03.11. Rural commune 2758 13980 54 13926 2312 residents live in the center, called Madagh; 11668 residents live in rural areas.
Boughriba 113.05.03. Rural commune 3727 20560 4 20556
Chouihia 113.05.05. Rural commune 2138 12539 0 12539
Rislane 113.05.13. Rural commune 879 5195 0 5195
Sidi Bouhria 113.05.15. Rural commune 991 5400 1 5399
Tafoughalt 113.05.17. Rural commune 609 3150 2 3148
Zegzel 113.05.19. Rural commune 6424 32210 38 32172 16145 residents live in the center, called Bouhdila; 16065 residents live in rural areas.


  1. "Recensement général de la population et de l'habitat de 2004" (PDF). Haut-commissariat au Plan, Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 April 2012. Retrieved 27 April 2012.

Coordinates: 34°55′03″N 2°19′03″W / 34.917614°N 2.317469°W / 34.917614; -2.317469

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