Bergamask, bergomask, bergamesca, or bergamasca (from the town of Bergamo in Northern Italy), is a dance and associated melody and chord progression. It was considered a clumsy rustic dance (cf. Shakespeare, A Midsummer Night's Dream, v. 360) copied from the natives of Bergamo, reputed (according to the Encyclopaedia Britannica Eleventh Edition) to be very awkward in their manners.
- (1916). The Musical Times, Volume 57, p.491.
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bergamask". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 772.
- Apel, Willi (1969). Harvard Dictionary of Music, p.91. ISBN 978-0-674-37501-7.