Battle of Leuze
|Battle of Leuze|
|Part of the Nine Years' War|
Combat de Leuze by Joseph Parrocel
|Commanders and leaders|
|Duc de Luxembourg||Friedrich of Waldeck|
|28 squadrons||72 squadrons|
|Casualties and losses|
|400 dead or wounded||1,500 - 2,000 dead or wounded|
The Battle of Leuze was a minor Cavalry engagement of the Nine Years' War that took place on 18 September 1691 between a detachment of French and a slightly superior Allied force.
Marshal Luxembourg had been informed that William III of Orange had left for England, in the supposition that the campaign of 1691 was at its end. He was also informed that Marshal Waldeck, who was left in charge, was preparing to retire into winter quarters.
Luxembourg was near Tournai and sent out a reconnaissance under Marsilly, from whom he learned that the main body of the Allied army was retreating, leaving a rear-guard of cavalry at Leuze. Luxembourg acted immediately. He send a detachment to follow the movements of the main body, and with the squadrons of Villars and Marsilly he attacked the smaller party without warning. The French cavalry charged, only using their swords.
The Allied cavalry was superior in numbers, but could not deploy efficiently because of the limited space they were manoeuvred in.
The battle lasted for only two hours, and the French had the advantage. The surviving Allied cavalry was brought off by troops that Waldeck sent back.
Luxembourg had been in the thick of the action and been forced to beat off an attack, directed at his person.