Battle of Kano (1903)

Battle of Kano
Part of the Pacification of Northern Nigeria
LocationKano, Northern Nigeria
Result Decisive British Victory
Kano Emirate, Sokoto Caliphate Protectorate of Northern Nigeria, British Empire
Commanders and leaders
Madakin Kano Colonel Thomas Morland
300 cavalry.[1] 100 cavalry,
800 Infantry (Rank and File).
Casualties and losses
?? 70

The Battle of Kano was an important battle between the British Empire and Sokoto Caliphate's Kano Emirate.


In 1899, Lord Lugard had proclaimed a British protectorate over much of the Sokoto Caliphate. with the failure of numerous diplomatic overtures to the Caliph, in 1900 a military campaign was launched to subdue the caliphate. The British pacification campaign termed Kano-Sokoto Expedition set off from Zaria at the end of January 1903 under the command of Colonel Morland. British officers and N.C.O.s and 800 African rank and file. Apart from a company of mounted infantry and a few gunners, the whole force consisted of infantry. They were supported, however, by four 75-mm. mountain guns, which could if necessary be dismantled and transported by porters, and by six machine guns.[2]


After sporadic fighting outside the walls of the fort, the British managed to penetrate the defensive parameters of the capital. Kano was mostly left defenseless at the time, the Emir was away with its large contingent Cavalry for the Autumn Campaign at Sokoto. News of the British capture of Kano in February 1903 sent the Cavalry in a long march to retake the city.

At Kano, Muhammad Abbas was proclaimed Emir of Kano and after the Battle of Kwatarkwashi, the last of the Kano cavalry were integrated into the Caliphal force of Sokoto.

See also


  1. Ikime, Obaro (1977). Fall of Nigeria. Heinemann. ISBN 0435941402.
  2. "Capture of Kano". West Gippsland Gazette (Morning ed.). Warragul, Victoria: National Library of Australia. 19 May 1903. p. 6. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 6/18/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.