Basra Eyalet

Eyālet-i Baṣrâ
Eyalet of the Ottoman Empire

Basra Eyalet in 1609
Capital Basra
  Established 1538
  Disestablished 1862
Today part of  Iraq

Basra Eyalet (Ottoman Turkish: ایالت بصره; Eyālet-i Baṣrâ)[1] was an eyalet of the Ottoman Empire. Its reported area in the 19th century was 9,872 square miles (25,570 km2).[2] It had a Defterdar and Kehiya of the Chavushes but neither Alai-beg nor Cheribashi because there were no ziamets or Timars, the lands being all rented by the governor.[3]


Basra had formerly a hereditary government (mulkiat), but it was reduced to an ordinary eyalet when conquered by Sultan Mehmed IV.[3] In 1534, when the Ottomans captured Baghdad, Rashid al-Mughamis, the Bedouin emir who then controlled Basra, submitted to Ottomans.[4] Basra became an Ottoman province in 1538,[5] and an Ottoman governor was appointed by 1546.[4] The eyalet was later subordinated to Baghdad during the Mamluk dynasty of Iraq, and was separated from Baghdad again from 1850 to 1862.[6]


  1. "Some Provinces of the Ottoman Empire". Retrieved 25 February 2013.
  2. The Popular encyclopedia: or, conversations lexicon. 6. Blackie. 1862. p. 698. Retrieved 2013-06-27.
  3. 1 2 Evliya Çelebi; Joseph von Hammer-Purgstall (1834). Narrative of Travels in Europe, Asia, and Africa in the Seventeenth Century. 1. Oriental Translation Fund. p. 90. Retrieved 2013-06-27.
  4. 1 2 Gábor Ágoston; Bruce Alan Masters (2009). Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire. Infobase Publishing. p. 78. ISBN 978-1-4381-1025-7. Retrieved 2013-06-27.
  5. "The Ottoman Turks and the Portuguese in the Arab Gulf 1534-1581" (PDF). p. 2.
  6. Reidar Visser (2005). Basra, the Failed Gulf State: Separatism And Nationalism in Southern Iraq. LIT Verlag Münster. p. 19. ISBN 978-3-8258-8799-5. Retrieved 2013-06-27.

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