|Eyalet of the Ottoman Empire|
Basra Eyalet in 1609
|Today part of||Iraq|
Basra Eyalet (Ottoman Turkish: ایالت بصره; Eyālet-i Baṣrâ) was an eyalet of the Ottoman Empire. Its reported area in the 19th century was 9,872 square miles (25,570 km2). It had a Defterdar and Kehiya of the Chavushes but neither Alai-beg nor Cheribashi because there were no ziamets or Timars, the lands being all rented by the governor.
Basra had formerly a hereditary government (mulkiat), but it was reduced to an ordinary eyalet when conquered by Sultan Mehmed IV. In 1534, when the Ottomans captured Baghdad, Rashid al-Mughamis, the Bedouin emir who then controlled Basra, submitted to Ottomans. Basra became an Ottoman province in 1538, and an Ottoman governor was appointed by 1546. The eyalet was later subordinated to Baghdad during the Mamluk dynasty of Iraq, and was separated from Baghdad again from 1850 to 1862.
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- Reidar Visser (2005). Basra, the Failed Gulf State: Separatism And Nationalism in Southern Iraq. LIT Verlag Münster. p. 19. ISBN 978-3-8258-8799-5. Retrieved 2013-06-27.