Baron Zouche

Barony of Zouche

Arms of Alan la Zouche, 1st Baron la Zouche of Ashby (1267-1314) as shown on his seal affixed to the Barons' Letter of 1301: Gules, ten bezants 4, 3, 2, 1. The arms of la Zouche are blazoned in various 13th and 14th century rolls of arms including the Falkirk Roll, the Caerlaverock Poem, Glover's Roll, & The Camden Roll as Gules, bezantée
Creation date 16 August 1308 (Baron Zouche of Haryngworth)
Monarch Edward II
Peerage Peerage of England
First holder William la Zouche, 1st Baron Zouche
Present holder James Frankland, 18th Baron Zouche
Remainder to Heirs of the body
Edward la Zouche,
11th Baron Zouche
1329 seal of William la Zouche, 1st Baron Zouche of Mortimer (d.1337), jure uxoris Lord of Glamorgan, husband of Eleanor de Clare (1292-1337), daughter and eventual heiress of Gilbert de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford, 7th Earl of Gloucester, Lord of Glamorgan and feudal baron of Gloucester. Inscribed: S(igillum) Will(elm)i La Zouche Domini De Glamorgan ("Seal of William la Zouche, Lord of Glamorgan"). His shield and the caparison of his horse show the Zouche arms bezantée

Baron Zouche is a title that has been created three times in the Peerage of England.


The la Zouche family descended from Alan I la Zouche (d. 1190), lord of the manor of North Molton in North Devon, England, originally called Alain de Porhoët or Ceoche, who was a Breton nobleman who settled in England during the reign of King Henry II (1154-1189). He was the son of Vicomte Geoffrey I de Porhoët and Hawise of Brittany. He married Adeline (or Alice) de Belmeis, daughter of Phillip de Belmeis and Maud la Meschine and died at North Molton in 1150. By his marriage he obtained the manor of Ashby in Leicestershire (called after him Ashby-de-la-Zouch). His son was Roger la Zouche (c. 1175 – bef. 14 May 1238) who was the father of Alan II la Zouche (1205–1270) and Eudo la Zouche.

Alan II was justice of Chester and justice of Ireland under King Henry III (1216-1272). He was loyal to the king during his struggle with the barons, fought at the Battle of Lewes and helped to arrange the Peace of Kenilworth. As the result of a quarrel over some lands with John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey, he was seriously injured in Westminster Hall by the earl and his retainers, and died on 10 August 1270. Alan's grandson from the marriage of his son Roger to Ela Longespée, namely Alan la Zouche, was summoned by writ to Parliament on 6 February 1299 as Baron la Zouche of Ashby. He was Governor of Rockingham Castle and Steward of Rockingham Forest. However, this barony fell into abeyance on his death in 1314 without male progeny.

Eudo was a professional soldier; late in life he married Millicent de Cantilupe by whom he had three daughters and two sons. Their elder son William la Zouche was summoned by writ to Parliament as Baron Zouche of Haryngworth, on 16 August 1308. His great-great-great-grandson, the fifth Baron, married Alice Seymour, 6th Baroness St Maur, and assumed that peerage in her right. Their son succeeded to both titles; his stepmother, Elizabeth St. John, was an aunt of the future King Henry VII, a connection which proved useful to later members of the family. The seventh Baron was attainted in 1485 for loyalty to King Richard III but was eventually restored to his title and a part of his lands. On the death in 1625 of Edward la Zouche, 11th Baron Zouche, 12th Baron St Maur, the peerages fell into abeyance between his two daughters, Elizabeth and Mary.

In 1815 the Barony of Zouche was called out of abeyance in favour of Sir Cecil Bishopp, 8th Baronet (d.1828), of Parham Park, who became the 12th Baron Zouche.[1] Through his mother he was a descendant of the Elizabeth la Zouche. The Barony of St Maur, however, remains in abeyance to this day. His eldest son Lieutenant-Colonel Cecil Bisshopp (d.1813) pre-deceased his father in 1813 at age 30 in Ontario, Canada, from wounds received in action against the Americans in the War of 1812. With his two sons having died before him, on his death in 1828 the Barony of Zouche once again fell into abeyance. In 1829 the abeyance was terminated in favour of his elder daughter, Harriet-Anne Curzon, who became the 13th Baroness.[2] She was the wife of Robert Curzon, younger son of Assheton Curzon, 1st Viscount Curzon. Her son was the 14th Baron. On his death the title passed to his son, the 15th Baron, and then to the latter's sister, the 16th Baroness. She never married and was succeeded by her second cousin, the 17th Baroness, the granddaughter of a younger son of the 13th Baroness. She was succeeded by her grandson, the 18th and (As of 2016) present Baron, who in 1944 had already succeeded his father as the 12th Frankland Baronet.

A granddaughter of the original Alan la Zouche, Joyce la Zouche, married Robert Mortimer of Richard's Castle; one of her younger sons, William la Zouche, adopted his maternal surname of la Zouche and bought the reversion of the manor of Ashby-de-la-Zouch from Alan in 1304, the latter to hold it until his death (1314). On 26 December 1323, he was created by writ, Baron Zouche of Mortimer. This peerage became abeyant in 1406.

Barons la Zouche of Ashby (1299)

Barons Zouche of Haryngworth (1308)

Barons Zouche of Haryngworth:[3]

The heir apparent is the present holder's son Hon. William Thomas Assheton Frankland (b. 1983).

Barons Zouche of Mortimer (1323)

See also



External links

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