Duke of Leeds

Ancestral arms of the Osborne family, Dukes of Leeds
Thomas Osborne, 1st Duke of Leeds.

Duke of Leeds was a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1694 for the prominent statesman Thomas Osborne, 1st Marquess of Carmarthen. He had already succeeded as 2nd Baronet, of Kiveton (1647)[1] and been created Viscount Osborne, of Dunblane (1673), Baron Osborne, of Kiveton in the County of York (also 1673) and Viscount Latimer, of Danby in the County of York (also 1673), Earl of Danby, in the County of York (1674), and Marquess of Carmarthen (1689). All these titles were in the Peerage of England, except for the viscountcy of Osborne, which was in the Peerage of Scotland.[note 1] He resigned the latter title in favour of his son in 1673. The Earldom of Danby was a revival of the title held by his great-uncle, Henry Danvers, 1st Earl of Danby (see Earl of Danby).

The Dukedom was named for Leeds in Yorkshire, and did not (as is sometimes claimed) refer to Leeds Castle in Kent. The principal ducal seat was Kiveton Hall.[2] After Kiveton Hall was demolished in 1811, Hornby Castle became the main seat of the Dukes of Leeds.[3] The traditional burial place of the Dukes of Leeds was All Hallows Church, Harthill, South Yorkshire.

Upon the death of the 7th Duke of Leeds in 1859, the dukedom passed to his cousin, the 2nd Baron Godolphin, whose father (the second son of the 5th Duke of Leeds) had been created Baron Godolphin, of Farnham Royal in the County of Buckingham, in 1832. The Barony of Godolphin and the Dukedom remained united until they became extinct on the death of the 12th Duke of Leeds in 1964.

The heir apparent to the Duke of Leeds was styled Marquess of Carmarthen, Lord Carmarthen's heir apparent was styled Earl of Danby, and Lord Danby's heir apparent was styled Viscount Latimer.

Osborne Baronets, of Kiveton (1620)

Dukes of Leeds (1694)

Other titles (6th & 7th Dukes): Baron Darcy de Knayth (1322) and Baron Conyers (1509)
Other titles (8th Duke onwards): Baron Godolphin (1832)

Family tree

  • Thomas Osborne, 1st Duke of Leeds (1632-1712; Duke of Leeds: cr. 1694)
    • Edward Osborne, Viscount Latimer (1655 - 1689)
    • Peregrine Osborne, 2nd Duke of Leeds (1659-1729; 2nd Duke: 1712-1729)
      • Peregrine II Hyde Osborne, 3rd Duke of Leeds (1691-1731; 3rd Duke: 1729-1731)
        • Thomas Osborne II, 4th Duke of Leeds (1713-1789; 4th Duke: 1731-1789)
          • Francis Godolphin Osborne, 5th Duke of Leeds (1751-1799; 5th Duke: 1789-1799)
            • George William Frederick Osborne, 6th Duke of Leeds (1775-1838; 6th Duke: 1799-1838)
              • Francis Godolphin II D'Arcy Osborne, 7th Duke of Leeds (1798-1859; 7th Duke: 1838-1859)
            • Francis Godolphin, 1st Lord Godolphin (1777-1850; Baron Godolphin: cr. 1832)
              • George II Godolphin Osborne, 8th Duke of Leeds (1802-1872; 8th Duke: 1859-1872)
                • George III Godolphin Osborne, 9th Duke of Leeds (1828-1895; 9th Duke: 1872-1895)
                  • George Frederick Osborne, Earl of Danby (b. and d. November 1861)
                  • George IV Godolphin Osborne, 10th Duke of Leeds (1862-1927; 10th Duke: 1895-1927)
                    • John Francis Godolphin Osborne, 11th Duke of Leeds (1901-1963; 11th Duke: 1927-1963)
              • Lord Sydney Godolphin Osborne (1808-1889)
                • Sidney Francis Godolphin Osborne (1835-1903)
                  • Francis D'Arcy Godolphin Osborne, 12th Duke of Leeds (1884-1964; 12th Duke: 1963-1964)


  1. Some sources indicate that Osborne held two Scottish viscountcies — "of Osborne" and "of Dunblane", although this may be a confusion of the full form "Osborne of Dunblane"


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