Earl of Roden
Earl of Roden is a title in the Peerage of Ireland. It was created in 1771 for Robert Jocelyn, 2nd Viscount Jocelyn. This branch of the Jocelyn family descends from the 1st Viscount, prominent Irish lawyer and politician Robert Jocelyn, the son of Thomas Jocelyn, third son of Sir Robert Jocelyn, 1st Baronet, of Hyde Hall (see below). He notably served as Lord Chancellor of Ireland from 1739 to 1756. In 1743 he was raised to the Peerage of Ireland as Baron Newport, of Newport, and in 1755 he was further honoured when he was made Viscount Jocelyn, also in the Peerage of Ireland. He was succeeded by his son, the second Viscount. He represented Old Leighlin in the Irish House of Commons and served as Auditor-General of Ireland. In 1770 he was created Earl of Roden, of High Roding in the County of Tipperary, in the Peerage of Ireland. In 1770 he also succeeded his first cousin once removed as fifth Baronet of Hyde Hall. Lord Roden married Lady Anne Hamilton, daughter of James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Clanbrassil and sister of James Hamilton, 2nd Earl of Clanbrassil, a title which became extinct in 1798.
Lord Roden was succeeded his son, the second Earl. He sat in the Irish House of Commons for Dundalk and served as an Irish Representative Peer in the British House of Lords between 1800 and 1820. He was also a professional soldier who played a decisive, if somewhat ruthless role in suppressing the Irish Rebellion of 1798. His son, the third Earl, represented County Louth in the British House of Commons and was Auditor-General of the Exchequer in Ireland. In 1821 he was created Baron Clanbrassil, of Hyde Hall in the County of Hertford and Dundalk in the County of Louth, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, which gave him and his descendants an automatic seat in the House of Lords. This was a revival of the Clanbrassil title held by his ancestors the Earls of Clanbrassil. Lord Roden was a leading figure in the Protestant Second Reformation. His grandson, the fourth Earl, Viscount Jocelyn's son served in the second Conservative administration of Benjamin Disraeli as a Lord-in-Waiting (government whip in the House of Lords) from 1874 to 1880.
He died at an early age and was succeeded by his uncle, the fifth Earl. When he died in 1897 the barony of Clanbrassil became extinct. He was succeeded in the Irish titles by his first cousin, the sixth Earl. He was the son of the Hon. John Jocelyn, fourth son of the second Earl. On his death the titles were inherited by his younger brother, the seventh Earl. His son, the eighth Earl, sat in the House of Lords as an Irish Representative Peer between 1919 and 1956. As of 2014 the titles are held by his grandson, the tenth Earl, who succeeded his father in 1993.
The Jocelyn Baronetcy, of Hyde Hall in the County of Hertford, was created in the Baronetage of England in 1665 for Robert Jocelyn. He was succeeded by his eldest son, the second Baronet. This line of the family failed on the death of his younger son, the fourth Baronet, in 1778. The late Baronet was succeeded by his first cousin once removed, the first Earl of Roden.
Descendants of the Earls of Roden are also known to be living in the area of Beechlawn, Coolock on the northside of Dublin. The Earls of Roden were associated with the County Louth town of Dundalk for over three centuries, and in July 2006 sold the freehold of the town by auction.
Viscounts Jocelyn (1755)
- Robert Jocelyn, 1st Viscount Jocelyn (1688–1756)
- Robert Jocelyn, 2nd Viscount Jocelyn (1731–1797) (created Earl of Roden in 1771)
Earls of Roden (1771)
- Robert Jocelyn, 1st Earl of Roden (1731–1797)
- Robert Jocelyn, 2nd Earl of Roden (1756–1820)
- Robert Jocelyn, 3rd Earl of Roden (1788–1870)
- Robert Jocelyn, 4th Earl of Roden (1846–1880)
- John Strange Jocelyn, 5th Earl of Roden (1823–1897)
- William Henry Jocelyn, 6th Earl of Roden (1842–1910)
- Robert Julian Orde Jocelyn, 7th Earl of Roden (1845–1915)
- Robert Soame Jocelyn, 8th Earl of Roden (1883–1956)
- Robert William Jocelyn, 9th Earl of Roden (1909–1993)
- Robert John Jocelyn, 10th Earl of Roden (born 1938)
The heir apparent is the present holder's only son Shane Robert Henning Jocelyn, Viscount Jocelyn (born 1989).
Jocelyn Baronets, of Hyde Hall (1665)
- Sir Robert Jocelyn, 1st Baronet (1623–1712)
- Sir Strange Jocelyn, 2nd Baronet (c. 1651–1734)
- Sir John Jocelyn, 3rd Baronet (1689–1741)
- Sir Conyers Jocelyn, 4th Baronet (1703–1778)
- Robert Jocelyn, 1st Earl of Roden, 5th Baronet (1731–1797)
see above for further holders
- Fiona Gartland, Freehold of Dundalk sold at auction' in The Irish Times dated July 22, 2006
- Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990,
- Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by John Strange Jocelyn, 5th Earl of Roden