Barbara Jagiellon

Barbara Jagiellon
Duchess consort of Saxony
Born (1478-07-15)15 July 1478
Died 15 February 1534(1534-02-15) (aged 55)
Spouse George, Duke of Saxony
Issue Johann, Hereditary Prince of Saxony
Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Saxony
Christine, Landgravine of Hesse
Magdalena, Electoral Princess of Brandeburg
House House of Jagiellon (by birth)
House of Wettin (by marriage)
Father Casimir IV Jagiellon
Mother Elizabeth Habsburg of Hungary

Barbara Jagiellon (15 July 1478 15 February 1534[1]), was a Polish princess member of the Jagiellonian dynasty and by marriage Duchess of Saxony.

Born in Sandomierz, she was the sixth daughter of King Casimir IV of Poland of Poland and Archduchess Elisabeth of Austria. She was named after her great-grandmother, Barbara of Cilli, Holy Roman Empress.


Barbara was married on 21 November 1496 in a glittering ceremony in Leipzig to George, Duke of Saxony (1471–1539). At the wedding, 6,286 German and Polish nobles were said to be present.[2] This marriage was a key part of maintaining good diplomatic relations between Germany and Poland. For Barbara's family, the marriage was also important due to their rivalry with the House of Habsburg.[3]

In 1513, Barbara and her husband founded Meissen Cathedral; several Masses and liturgical celebration of Easter have been recorded to have taken place since then. Barbara sent letters to her husband while he was at battles. Witnesses say the couple had a very loving and happy marriage.

Barbara died in Leipzig aged 55. Her husband was so stricken by grief that he grew a beard during this time, which was why he was nicknamed "the Bearded".[4] She was buried in the cathedral of Meissen in her husband's funeral chapel, built between 1521-1524. Barbara and George were the last Prince and Princess of the House of Wettin to be buried at the cathedral. The altarpiece in the funerary chapel was the work of Lucas Cranach the Elder. They are surrounded by apostles and saints.[5]


  1. Christoph of Saxony (8 September 1497 5 December 1497).
  2. Johann of Saxony (24 August 1498 11 January 1537); married on 20 May 1516 to Elisabeth of Hesse. This union was childless.
  3. Wolfgang of Saxony (1499 12 January 1500).
  4. Anna of Saxony (21 January 1500 23 January 1500).
  5. Christoph of Saxony (born and died 27 May 1501).
  6. Agnes of Saxony (7 January 1503 16 April 1503).
  7. Frederick of Saxony (15 March 1504 26 February 1539); married on 27 January 1539 to Elisabeth of Mansfeld. This union was childless.
  8. Christine of Saxony (25 December 1505 15 April 1549); married on 11 December 1523 to Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse.
  9. Magdalena of Saxony (7 March 1507 25 January 1534); married on 6 November 1524 to Joachim Hector, then Electoral Prince of Brandenburg.
  10. Margarethe of Saxony (7 September 1508 d. Dresden, 19 December 1510).




Barbara Jagiellon
Cadet branch of the House of Gediminas
Born: 15 July 1478 Died: 15 February 1534
German royalty
Preceded by
Sidonie Podiebrad of Bohemia
Duchess consort of Saxony and Margravine consort of Meissen
12 September 1500 – 15 February 1534
Title next held by
Katharina of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
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