Baranya County

For the historical county, see Baranya (former county).

"Branau" redirects here. See also Braunau.
Baranya County
Baranya megye
Counties of Hungary
Descending, from top: Hills in the county, near Mecseknádasd, Vineyards of Kistótfalu, and Széchenyi square in Pécs


Coat of arms
Coordinates: 46°04′06″N 18°12′19″E / 46.06833°N 18.20528°E / 46.06833; 18.20528Coordinates: 46°04′06″N 18°12′19″E / 46.06833°N 18.20528°E / 46.06833; 18.20528
Country Hungary
Region Southern Transdanubia
County seat Pécs
  President of the General Assembly Csaba Nagy (Fidesz-KDNP)
  Total 4,429.59 km2 (1,710.27 sq mi)
Area rank 10th in Hungary
Population (2011 census)
  Total 386,441
  Rank 10th in Hungary
  Density 87/km2 (230/sq mi)
Postal code 73xx, 75xx – 79xx
Area code(s) (+36) 69, 72, 73
ISO 3166 code HU-BA

Baranya (Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈbɒrɒɲɒ]; Croatian: Baranja, German: Branau) is the name of an administrative county (comitatus or megye) in Hungary, in the Baranya region, and also in the former Kingdom of Hungary (see: Baranya (former county)).

Baranya County lies in southern Hungary, on the border with Croatia. The River Drava forms part of its southern border, and the River Danube its eastern border. It shares borders with the Hungarian counties Somogy, Tolna and Bács-Kiskun. The capital of Baranya county is Pécs.


This county has a total area of 4,430 km2 (1,710 sq mi) – 4,76% of Hungary.

The northern part of the county is a mountain area with large forests, the Mecsek Mountains. The central areas are shared between the Baranya Hills and Villány Mountains. The very eastern and southern parts are flat.

The highest point in the county is Zengő in the Mecsek Mountains, at 682 metres. This is also the highest point of the mountain range.

The climate is Mediterranean, with a high number of sunshine hours. Baranya has the highest amount of rainfall in the country. Baranya is rich in mineral and thermal water, and also in other resources. 98% of Hungary's coal resources are found here.



The area has been inhabited since ancient times. Before the Hungarian tribes conquered the area, it was inhabited by Slavs and Avars. Stephen I founded an episcopal seat here.

In 1526 the county was occupied by Ottomans and was freed in 1689. Its medieval borders remained unchanged until 1919. According to the peace treaty of Trianon the southern part of the county (1163 km²) reverted to Slavic rule (present-day Croatia). The re-organizing of the counties (1950) brought only minor changes (town of Szigetvár got there).

Baranya has the largest number of minorities in Hungary (more than twice the country average), providing home to 34% of the German minority and 32% of the Southern Slav minorities in Hungary.

Electoral history

2010 Election
  Party Votes % Seats Change
  Fidesz-KDNP (joint) 104,928 54,53 4 -
  Hungarian Socialist Party 40,532 21,07 1 -
  Jobbik 24,397 12,68 1 -
  Politics Can Be Different 7,119 8,9 0 -
  Hungarian Democratic Forum 5,436 2,83 0 -
  Total 182,412 100 6 -


In 2015, it had a population of 371,110 and the population density was 84/km².

Year County population[1] Change
1949 356,533 n/a
1960 Increase 395,342 10.89%
1970 Increase 421,765 6.68%
1980 Increase 432,617 (record) 2.57%
1990 Decrease 417,400 -3.52%
2001 Decrease 407,448 -2.38%
2011 Decrease 386,441 -5.16%


Besides the Hungarian majority, the main minorities are the Germans (approx. 22,000), Roma (17,000), Croats (6,000) and Serbs (500).

Total population (2011 census): 386,441
Ethnic groups (2011 census):[2] Identified themselves: 364 801 persons:

Approx. 58,000 persons in Baranya County did not declare their ethnic group at the 2011 census.


Religious adherence in the county according to 2011 census:[3]


The Baranya County Council, elected at the 2014 local government elections, is made up of 19 counselors, with the following party composition:[4]

    Party Seats Current County Assembly
  Fidesz-KDNP 11                      
  Movement for a Better Hungary (Jobbik) 3                      
  Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP) 3                      
  Democratic Coalition (DK) 1                      
  Politics Can Be Different (LMP) 1                      

Regional structure[5][6]

Like Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén, Baranya is a county of extremes when it comes to regional structure. The county seat is one of the five largest cities (and three largest agglomerations) of Hungary, but more than 2/3 of the municipalities are small hamlets with a population under 500. Half of the county's population lives in the county seat or in its immediate vicinity, while 22% of the population lives in villages that have less than 1000 inhabitants.

City with county rights

Cities and towns

Hosszúhetény - Temple from above

(ordered by population, according to the 2001 census)




  1. népessé, "Baranya megye népessége 1870-2015"
  2. 1.1.6. A népesség anyanyelv, nemzetiség és nemek szerint – Frissítve: 2013.04.17.; Hungarian Central Statistical Office (Hungarian)
  3. 2011. ÉVI NÉPSZÁMLÁLÁS, 3. Területi adatok, 3.3 Baranya megye, (Hungarian)
  4. Képviselőtestület, (Hungarian)
  5. "Baranya (Hungary): County, Towns and Villages - Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". Retrieved 2016-08-04.
  6. Jimenez, Suzanne Somodi. "BARANYA County - Megye - Varmegye - Placenames". Retrieved 2016-08-04.

External links

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