Banatul Philharmonic of Timișoara

The Banatul State Philharmonic Orchestra is a musical institution in Timișoara, Romania. It comprises a symphony orchestra, professional chorus, and various chamber groups.

The Philharmonic Society (German: Philharmonische Verein) was founded in 1871 in Temesvár, Austria-Hungary (now Timișoara). Conductors included Heinrich Weidt, Martin Novácek, and Bruno Walter (1898-1899). Performers in Timișoara during this period included, as pianists Béla Bartók and Johannes Brahms; baritone Gheorghe Dima; cellist David Popper; and the violinists Leopold Auer, George Enescu, Joseph Joachim, Jan Kubelík, František Ondříček, Pablo de Sarasate, and Henryk Wieniawski.[1][2]

In 1947 the orchestra was renamed the Banatul State Philharmonic, and eventually simply the Banatul Philharmonic.[1]

Conductors of the Banatul Philharmonic have included George Pavel, Mircea Popa, Nicolae Boboc, Alexandru Șhumsky, Remus Georgescu, Paul Popescu, and Petru Oschanitzky.[1] Gheorghe Costin and Radu Popu are the current permanent conductors.[3] Guest conductors have included Kurt Herbert Adler, Roberto Benzi, Anatole Fistoulari, Kiril Kondrashin, Stanisław Wisłocki, and Adone Zecchi.[1] Jean-François Antonioli was Principal Guest Conductor from 1993 to 2002.

Guest soloists with the orchestra have included pianists Dimitri Bashkirov, Julius Katchen, and Rudolf Kerer; violinists Ivry Gitlis, Gidon Kremer, Yehudi Menuhin, Vladimir Spivakov, and Josef Suk; and cellists Miloš Sádlo and Daniil Shafran.[1]

Other performers in Timișoara have included pianists Annie Fischer, Artur Rubinstein, and Carlo Zecchi; violinists Bronisław Huberman, Fritz Kreisler, Jacques Thibaud, and Eugène Ysaÿe; and cellists Pablo Casals and Gregor Piatigorsky.[1] More recently vibraphonist Eldad Tarmu has played there.

The orchestra has visited many European countries, including Austria, Bulgaria, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland, and the former Yugoslavia.[1][2]



  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Viorel Cosma, "Timișoara" in Sadie, Stanley; John Tyrrell, eds. (2001). The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 2nd edition. NewYork: Grove's Dictionaries. ISBN 1-56159-239-0.
  2. 1 2 Booklet accompanying Timpani Records CD 1C1054.
  3. Organigrama Filarmonicii Banatul Timișoara (Romanian). Accessed 2 November 2009
  4. Gramophone, May 2000, p. 54. Accessed 31 October 2009.
  5. 1 2 Gramophone, April 1994, p. 92. Accessed 31 October 2009.
  6. product page. Accessed 31 October 2009.

External links

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