Balkan campaign of 1529
|Balkan campaign of Suleiman|
|Part of the Ottoman-Habsburg wars|
Holy Roman Empire
Kingdom of Bohemia
Kingdom of Croatia
Ferdinand's Hungarian kingdom
John Szapolyai's Hungarian kingdom
|Commanders and leaders|
Suleiman the Magnificent|
Peter IV Rareș
|Unknown||Over 120,000 soldiers|
|Casualties and losses|
The Balkan campaign of 1529 was launched by Suleiman the Magnificent to take the Austrian capital Vienna and thereby strike a decisive blow, allowing him to consolidate his hold on Hungary. This was in response to Ferdinand I's daring assault on Ottoman Hungary.
Suleiman's march to Vienna was also an attempt to assist his vassal, John Szapolyai who claimed the throne of Hungary. Suleiman sent his army of 120,000 strong north on the 10 May 1529 . His campaign was marked by speedy success- on September 8 Buda surrendered to the Ottomans and John Szapolyai was installed as King of Hungary. Suleiman then went further taking Gran, Tata, Komárom and Raab so that much of Ferdinand I's gains the previous two years were lost. On 27 September, Suleiman reached Vienna.
The arrival of the Sultan's massive host in Central Europe caused much panic across Europe - Martin Luther, who had believed that the Turks were God's punishment against the sins of Christians modified his views and wrote the book the War with the Turks in 1529 urging that "the scourge of God" should be fought with great vigour. However, when Suleiman began besieging Vienna it would prove to be his first and most decisive blunder.
- Madden, Thomas F. Crusades the Illustrated History. 1st ed. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan P, 2005
- Turnbull, Stephen. The Ottoman Empire 1326 - 1699. New York: Osprey, 2003.