Bahr el Gazel Region
|Barh El Gazel|
Région du Barh El Gazel
Barh El Gazal
Bahr el Gazel
Map of Chad showing Barh El Gazel.
|Coordinates: 13°38′35″N 16°29′31″E / 13.64306°N 16.49194°ECoordinates: 13°38′35″N 16°29′31″E / 13.64306°N 16.49194°E|
|Region as of||2008|
|• Gouverneur||Mahamat Nasser Hassan (2010)|
|ISO 3166 code||TD-BG|
Barh El Gazel (French: Région du Barh El Gazel) is one of the 23 regions of Chad. The region's name may also be written as Barh El Gazal or Bahr el Gazel. Its capital is the town of Moussoro. The region was created in 2008 from the former Barh El Gazel Department of the Kanem Region.
Per the census of 2009, the population of the region was 260,865, 46.30 per cent female. The average size of household as of 2009 is 5.90: 5.90 in rural households and 5.80 in urban areas. The number of nomads in the region was 126,855, 32.70 per cent of the total population.
Chad has a general elevation of 240 m (790 ft) in Lake Chad Depression towards Guera massif located at an elevation of 1,800 m (5,900 ft) and eastwards towards mountainous Saharan region of 3,350 m (10,990 ft). The only rivers in the country of importance are Chari and Logone, flowing into Lake Chad. The region receives an annual rainfall of 744 mm (29.3 in) and has vegetational zones. The region is the principal agricultural segment in the whole country, producing cotton and groundnut, the two main cashcrops of the country. There are a variety of local crops like rice are also grown in the region.
Per the census of 2009, the population of the region was 260,865, 46.30 per cent female. The average size of household as of 2009 is 5.90: 5.90 in rural households and 5.80 in urban areas. The total number of households was 43,478: 38,160 in rural areas and 5,318 in urban areas. The number of nomads in the region was 126,855, 32.70 per cent of the population. The were 257,804 people residing in private households. There were 111,278 above 18 years of age: 56,407 male and 54,871 female. The sex ratio was 116.00 females for every 100 males. There were 134,010 sedantary staff, 1.20 of the total population. Bahr el Gazel is one of the 23 regions of Chad and has the Head Post Office of the region is located in the capital. As of 2015, internet and telephone were limited and post was the primary mode of communication.
Chad became independent in 1961 from the French Colonial Empire. On account of ensuing political instability and local civil wars, it continued as a one party democary till 1991, while other parties were also allowed. All the powers rested centrally with the President. As a part of decentralization in February 2003, the country is administratively split into regions, departments, municipalities and rural communities. The prefectures which were originally 14 in number were re-designated in 17 regions. The regions are administered by Governors appointed by the President. The Prefects, who originally held the responsibility of the 14 prefects, still retained the titles and were responsible for the administration of smaller departments in each region. The members of local assemblies are elected every six years, while the executive organs are elected every three years. As of 2016, there are totally 23 regions in Chad, which are divided based on population and administrative convenience.
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