in the historical center of Bad Langensalza
|Coordinates: 51°6′29″N 10°38′48″E / 51.10806°N 10.64667°ECoordinates: 51°6′29″N 10°38′48″E / 51.10806°N 10.64667°E|
|• Mayor||Bernhard Schönau (FDP)|
|• Total||123.11 km2 (47.53 sq mi)|
|• Density||140/km2 (370/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
It was first mentioned in historical records ca. 932, as a village named "Salzaha". The city name was changed to Langensalza ca. 1578, and "Bad" or "Bath" was added to the city name in 1956.
The city was plundered and damaged by fires during the Thirty Years' War (c. 1632). Fires again destroyed large parts of the city in 1711, including complete destruction of the city hall. The city hall was rebuilt between 1742-1752.
War again affected the city during 1756-1763, during the Seven Years' War; it was the scene of a battle in February 1761. In 1815 Langensalza became part of the Prussian Province of Saxony. In 1866 it was again the site of a battle between Prussia and Hanover during the Austro-Prussian War.
American troops occupied the city in 1945.
The sulphur baths were discovered in 1811, and opened to the public as a curative bath in 1812. A new version of the public sulphur bath was opened in 1928. Salt and mineral water springs were discovered in 1996, which prompted the opening of many new curative facilities.
Bad Langensalza is twinned with:
- Hermann von Salza (around 1170-1239), 4. Master of the Teutonic Order
- Georg Neumark (1621-1681), composer and poet
- Johann Christian Wiegleb (1732-1800), naturalist and pharmacist
- Christoph Wilhelm Hufeland (1762-1836), physician, founder of macrobiotics
- Hermann Bonitz (1814-1888), scholar and educator
- Ulrich Kleemann (1892-1963), general of tank troops in Second World War
- Rudolf Batz (1903-1961), Sturmbannführer, responsible leader of Einsatzkommando 2 for the mass murder of Jews in the Baltics
- Dieter Fromm (born 1948), middle-distance runner
- Uwe Barth (born 1964), politician (FDP)
- Radost Bokel (born 1975), actress
- Claudia Schramm (born 1975), bobsledder
- Enrico Kühn (born 1977), bobsledder
- Marco Engelhardt (born 1980), football player
- Silvio Heinevetter (born 1984), handball goalkeeper
- Matthias Rahn (born 1990), footballer
- "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden, Gemeinschaftsfreie Gemeinde, erfüllende/beauftragende Gemeinden, Verwaltungsgemeinschaft/Mitgliedsgemeinden in Thüringen". Thüringer Landesamt für Statistik (in German). July 2016.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Langensalza". Encyclopædia Britannica. 16 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 174.
- "Official site" (in German). Retrieved March 2013. Check date values in:
Klagentor (one of the medievial city gates)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bad Langensalza.|