Aukštaitian dialect

Aukštaičių tarmė
Native to Lithuania
Region Aukštaitija, Dzūkija and Suvalkija
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog auks1239[1]

Aukštaitian (Lithuanian: Aukštaičių tarmė) is one of the dialects of the Lithuanian language, spoken in ethnographic regions of Aukštaitija, Dzūkija and Suvalkija. It became the basis for the standard Lithuanian language.


Map of the sub-dialects of the Aukštaitian dialect (Zinkevičius and Girdenis, 1965).
Western Aukštaitian
  Sub-dialect of Šiauliai
  Sub-dialect of Kaunas
  Sub-dialect of Klaipėda Region
Eastern Aukštaitian
  Sub-dialect of Panevėžys
  Sub-dialect of Širvintos
  Sub-dialect of Anykščiai
  Sub-dialect of Kupiškis
  Sub-dialect of Utena
  Sub-dialect of Vilnius
Southern Aukštaitian
  Southern Aukštaitian or Dzūkian sub-dialect

Revised classification of the dialects, proposed in 1965 by linguists Zigmas Zinkevičius and Aleksas Girdenis, divides Aukštaitian dialect into three sub-dialects based on pronunciation of mixed diphthongs an, am, en, em and ogonek vowels ą and ę:

Western Aukštaitian, most similar to standard Lithuanian, preserves both the diphthongs and the vowels. It is further subdivided into two sub-dialects:

Southern Aukštaitian preserves the diphthong, but replaces ą and ę with ų and į (žųsis instead of žąsis – goose, skįsta instead of skęsta – drowns). It is spoken mostly in Dzūkija and therefore is known as Dzūkian dialect.

Eastern Aukštaitian replaces the diphthongs with either un, um, in, im or on, om, ėn, ėm (pasumda instead of pasamdo – hiring, romstis instead of ramstis – support). The ogonek vowels are replaced with either ų, į or o, ę/ė (grųštas or groštas instead of grąžtas – drill, grįšt instead of gręžti – to drill). It is spoken mostly in Aukštaitija. It is further subdivided into six sub-dialects.


  1. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Aukshtaitish". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 8/11/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.