Augustus William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg

Augustus William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg

Augustus William,
Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg.
Portrait by Christoph Bernhard Francke
Spouse(s) Christine Sophie of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Sophie Amalie of Holstein-Gottorp
Elisabeth Sophie Marie of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Norburg
Noble family House of Welf
Father Anthony Ulrich, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Mother Elizabeth Juliana of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Nordborg
Born (1662-03-08)8 March 1662
Died 23 March 1731(1731-03-23) (aged 69)

Augustus William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (German: August Wilhelm) (8 March 1662 – 23 March 1731) ruled over the Wolfenbüttel subdivision of the duchy from 1714 until his death.

Augustus William was the third son of Anthony Ulrich, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Unlike his father, he was not interested in politics, and left decisions to corrupt ministers. Even though he was married three times, he died childless in 1731 and was succeeded by his younger brother, Louis Rudolph. Despite his marriages, he claimed to have been introduced to the "art" of same-sex attraction in Venice; later falling in love with Charles Louis of the Palatinate[1][2]


  1. In 1681, he married Christine Sophie (1654–1695), daughter of Rudolph Augustus, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg.
  2. In 1695, he married to Sophie Amalie (1670–1710), daughter of Christian Albert, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp.
  3. In 1710, he married to Elisabeth Sophie Marie (1683–1767), daughter of Prince Rudolph Frederick of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderborg-Norburg (he was the son of Frederick, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sønderburg-Norburg).



  1. Paul Derks: Die Schande der heiligen Päderastie. Homosexualität und Öffentlichkeit in der deutschen Literatur 1750-1850, Verlag Rosa Winkel, Berlin 1990, S. 34f
  2. Elisabeth Charlotte von Orleans: Briefe aus den Jahren 1676 bis 1706, hrsg. von Wilhelm Ludwig Holland, Stuttgart 1867, Nr. 108, S. 196f., Elisabeth Charlotte an Louise, Raugräfin zu Pfalz (Stiefschwester, 27. Juli 1700)
Augustus William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Cadet branch of the House of Este
Born: 8 March 1662 Died: 23 March 1731
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Anthony Ulrich
Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel

Succeeded by
Louis Rudolph
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