At-Tur (Mount of Olives)
At-Tur (Arabic: الطور, lit. "The Mount" in Arabic) is an Arab majority neighborhood on the Mount of Olives approximately 1 km east of the Old City of Jerusalem. At-Tur is situated in East Jerusalem, which was annexed by Israel after the Six-Day War in 1967.
The Chapel of the Ascension is located in At-Tur. Located on the Mount of Olives, the chapel is part of a larger complex consisting first of a Christian church and monastery, then an Islamic mosque. It is located on a site which the Christian faithful traditionally believe to be the earthly spot where Jesus ascended into Heaven forty days after his resurrection.
In 1596, the village appeared as Tur Zayta in Ottoman tax registers as being in the Nahiya of Quds of the Liwa of Quds. It had a population of 48 Muslim households and 8 bachelors, and paid taxes on wheat, barley, vines or fruit trees, and goats or beehives.
An Ottoman village list of about 1870 counted 38 houses and a population of 127, though the population count included men only. It was described as a village on the Mount of Olives. In 1883, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described At-Tur as "a small straggling village on the top of Olivet. The houses are built of stone, but low and mean. The church of the Ascension, now a mosque, stands towards the west at the brow of the hill."
In 1945 the population of Et Tur was 2,770; 2,380 Muslims and 390 Christians, who owned 8,808 dunams of land according to an official land and population survey. 228 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 2,838 for cereals, while 86 dunams were built-up (urban) land.
At-Tur has a population of 18,150, mostly Muslims with a small Christian minority. Landmarks in At-Tur include the Augusta Victoria Hospital, the Church and Convent of Pater Noster, where the Lord's Prayer is inscribed in 110 languages, and the Seven Arches Hotel.
On Friday, 24 April 2015, a 16-year-old resident of at-Tur was shot dead by Israeli soldiers at the Az-Zaim checkpoint, after, according to police statement, the youth ran toward officers stationed at the checkpoint wielding a large knife.
- Palmer, 1881, p. 330
- "Building and Infrastructure Development in East Jerusalem" (Press release). Municipality of Jerusalem. 3 March 1997. Retrieved 2007-06-02.
- Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 118
- Socin, 1879, p. 162
- Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 30
- Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 25
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 58
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 104
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945; quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 154
- The Pater Noster Church on the Mount of Olives Archived July 10, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., netours.com; accessed 24 November 2014.
- Church of the Pater Noster (Jerusalem), sacred-destinations.com; accessed 24 November 2014.
- Seven Arches Hotel profile, jerusalemfoundation.org; accessed 24 November 2014.
- Al-Makassed Hospital profile, biojerusalem.org.il; accessed 24 November 2014.
- Ha'aretz 25/4/2015
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mount of Olives.|
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine. (p. 14)
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1883). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. 3. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945. Government of Palestine.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. ISBN 3-920405-41-2.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Socin, A. (1879). "Alphabetisches Verzeichniss von Ortschaften des Paschalik Jerusalem". Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins. 2: 135–163.
- Survey of Western Palestine, Map 17: IAA, Wikimedia commons
- Silwan & Ath Thuri (Fact Sheet), ARIJ
- Ath Thuri and Siwan aerial photo, ARIJ