Assistant at the Pontifical Throne
|Part of a series on the|
|Hierarchy of the|
Assistant at the Pontifical Throne was an ecclesiastical title in the Roman Catholic Church. It designated a prelate belonging to the Papal Chapel, who stood near the throne of the Pope at solemn functions. The title has not been in use since the Second Vatican Council in 1968 that eliminated all previous nobiliary titles. Unless specified otherwise, all Assistants to the Pontifical Throne immediately entered the Papal nobility as Counts of Rome. Assistants to the Pontifical Throne ranked immediately below the College of Cardinals and were also Counts of the Apostolic Palace
On 22 May 1862, during the canonization ceremony of the twenty-six Catholic martyrs of Japan, Pope Pius IX elevated all the bishops present to the rank of Assistant to the Pontifical Throne. On 8 January 1866, Ruggero Luigi Emidio Antici Mattei was named Dean of the Assistants to the Pontifical Throne after Pope Pius IX named him Latin Patriarch of Constantinople. On 17 June 1867, during the 1800th anniversary of the martyrdom of Saints Peter and Paul, Pope Pius IX elevated all the bishops present to the rank of Assistant to the Pontifical Throne.
- New Catholic Dictionary
- Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Assistant at the Pontifical Throne". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.