Artinian ring

In abstract algebra, an Artinian ring is a ring that satisfies the descending chain condition on ideals. They are also called Artin rings and are named after Emil Artin, who first discovered that the descending chain condition for ideals simultaneously generalizes finite rings and rings that are finite-dimensional vector spaces over fields. The definition of Artinian rings may be restated by interchanging the descending chain condition with an equivalent notion: the minimum condition.

A ring is left Artinian if it satisfies the descending chain condition on left ideals, right Artinian if it satisfies the descending chain condition on right ideals, and Artinian or two-sided Artinian if it is both left and right Artinian. For commutative rings the left and right definitions coincide, but in general they are distinct from each other.

The Artin–Wedderburn theorem characterizes all simple Artinian rings as the matrix rings over a division ring. This implies that a simple ring is left Artinian if and only if it is right Artinian.

Although the descending chain condition appears dual to the ascending chain condition, in rings it is in fact the stronger condition. Specifically, a consequence of the Akizuki–Hopkins–Levitzki theorem is that a left (resp. right) Artinian ring is automatically a left (resp. right) Noetherian ring. This is not true for general modules, that is, an Artinian module need not be a Noetherian module.


The ring of integers is a Noetherian ring but is not Artinian.

Modules over Artinian rings

Let M be a left module over a left Artinian ring. Then the following are equivalent (Hopkins' theorem): (i) M is finitely generated, (ii) M has finite length (i.e., has composition series), (iii) M is Noetherian, (iv) M is Artinian.[3]

Commutative Artinian rings

Let A be a commutative Noetherian ring with unity. Then the following are equivalent.

Let k be a field and A finitely generated k-algebra. Then A is Artinian if and only if A is finitely generated as k-module.

An Artinian local ring is complete. A quotient and localization of an Artinian ring is Artinian.

Simple Artinian ring

A simple Artinian ring A is a matrix ring over a division ring. Indeed,[8] let I be a minimal (nonzero) right ideal of A. Then, since is a two-sided ideal, since A is simple. Thus, we can choose so that . Assume k is minimal with respect that property. Consider the map of right A-modules:

It is surjective. If it is not injective, then, say, with nonzero . Then, by the minimality of I, we have: . It follows:


which contradicts the minimality of k. Hence, and thus .

See also


  1. Theorem 459 of
  2. Cohn 2003, 5.2 Exercise 11
  3. Bourbaki, VIII, pg 7
  4. Atiyah & Macdonald 1969, Theorems 8.7
  5. Sketch: In commutative rings, nil(A) is contained in the Jacobson radical of A. Since A/nil(A) is semisimple, nil(A) is actually equal to the Jacobson radical of A. By Levitzky's theorem, nil(A) is a nilpotent ideal. These last two facts show that A is a semiprimary ring, and by the Hopkins–Levitzki theorem A is Artinian.
  6. Atiyah & Macdonald 1969, Theorems 8.5
  7. Atiyah & Macdonald 1969, Ch. 8, Exercise 2.
  8. Milnor, John Willard (1971), Introduction to algebraic K-theory, Annals of Mathematics Studies, 72, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, p. 144, MR 0349811, Zbl 0237.18005


This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 6/15/2015. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.