Arthur Donaldson Smith

For other people named Arthur Smith, see Arthur Smith (disambiguation).
Arthur Donaldson Smith

Dr. Arthur Donaldson Smith (1866–1939) was an American doctor, hunter, and explorer of Africa. In the 1890s he made a geological expedition to Lake Rudolph (now Lake Turkana), passing through what was then Somaliland, southern Ethiopia and Kenya.[1] In order to visit Ethiopia, he had to get permission from Menelik II. The trip lasted 18 months and took place between 1894 and 1895. In 1897 he published a book about his trip called, Through Unknown African Countries: the First Expedition from Somaliland to Lake Rudolf.[2]

In 1895 three new species of reptiles endemic to the Horn of Africa were named in his honor by Belgian-British herpetologist George Albert Boulenger: Coluber smithi, Hemidactylus smithi, and Pseuderemias smithii.[3]


  1. Address by former US ambassador to Ethiopia (archive of Addis Tribune)
  2. "Through Unknown African Countries: the First Expedition from Somaliland to Lake Rudolf". World Digital Library. 1897. Retrieved 2013-06-21.
  3. Beolens B, Watkins M, Grayson M. 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Smith, Arthur", p. 247).

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