Around the world sailing record
The first around the world sailing record for circumnavigation of the world was Juan Sebastián Elcano and the remaining members of Ferdinand Magellan's crew who completed their journey in 1522. The first solo record was set by Joshua Slocum in the Spray (1898).
Most races or solo attempts start from Europe. Due to the configuration of the continents, sailing around the world consists in sailing on the Southern Ocean around the Antarctica continent, passing south of Cape Horn, Cape of Good Hope and Cape Leeuwin. Since 1918 the Panama Canal is an option but the locks must be entered and exited using engine power. Large stretches of the canal can be crossed under sail power.
Sailing around the world can be done by two directions: eastward or westward. The dominant winds and currents (outside tropical areas) make the voyage eastwards on the Southern hemisphere faster, most skippers and yachts who race prefer this route. Today, the multihulls perform much better than monohulls and hold the best times. Leisure yacht skippers who prefer tropical seas more often go westward, using the Trade winds (and the Panama canal).
The most famous races around the world are:
- The Sunday Times Golden Globe Race, held in 1968-1969, was the first round-the-world yacht race.
- The Vendée Globe is yacht race run single-handed on monohulls limited to 60 feet (around 18 metres). This races establishes the reference times on monohulls.
- The Global Challenge, was race held every four years and followed the westward route.
- The Race, was a race held in 2000, involving multihulls.
- The Oryx Quest, held in 2005, starting from Qatar.
- The Volvo Ocean Race, involving Volvo Open 70 monohulls.
- The VELUX 5 Oceans Race, previously known as the BOC Challenge, later as Around Alone.
The Jules Verne Trophy is awarded to the skipper who breaks the outright record, starting from an imaginary line between the Créac'h lighthouse on Ouessant (Ushant) Island, France, and the Lizard Lighthouse, UK.
The records are homologated by the World Sailing Speed Record Council (WSSRC).
According to the WSSRC, for around the world sailing records, there is a rule saying that the length must be at least 21,600 nmi calculated along the shortest possible track from the starting port and back that does not cross land and does not go below 63°S. The great-circle distance formulas are to be used, assuming that the great circle length is 21,600 nmi. It is allowed to have one single waypoint to lengthen the calculated track. The equator must be crossed. In reality, this means that the boat should pass a waypoint at or not far from the antipode of the starting port of the journey (the exact position depends on how short the shortest possible track is). For example, the Vendée Globe starts at 46°N 2°W, has a waypoint at 57°S 180°E, and barely makes the distance requirement. The participants don't have to go to the antipode at 46°S 178°E since the rounding of Africa gives extra distance.
|2012 January||45d 13h 42m 53s||Loick Peyron (FRA)||Banque Populaire V||Trimaran||14||Thierry Chabagny (FRA) , Florent Chastel (FRA) , Thierry Duprey du Vorsent (FRA) , Kevin Escoffier (FRA) , Emmanuel Le Borgne (FRA) , Frédéric Le Peutrec (FRA) , Jean-Baptiste Le Vaillant (FRA) , Ronan Lucas (FRA) , Pierre-Yves Moreau (FRA) , Yvan Ravussin (SUI) , Xavier Revil (FRA) , Brian Thompson (GBR) , Juan Vila (ESP) , onshore router Marcel van Triest (NED)||attempt for the Jules Verne Trophy|
|2010 March||48d 07h 44m 52s||Franck Cammas (FRA)||Groupama 3||Trimaran||10||Fred Le Peutrec, Stève Ravussin, Lionel Lemonchois, Thomas Coville, Loïc Le Mignon, Ronan Le Goff, Bruno Jeanjean, Jacques Caraës, Stan Honey||attempt for the Jules Verne Trophy|
|2005 March||50d 16h 20m 04s||Bruno Peyron (FRA)||Orange II||Catamaran||14||Roger Nilson , Lionel Lemonchois , Philippe Péché , Yann Elies , Ronan Le Goff , Sébastien Audigane , Jacques Caraes , Florent Chaste , Yves Le Blévec , Jean-Baptiste Epron , Nicolas de Castro , Ludovic Aglao et Bernard Stamm||attempt for the Jules Verne Trophy|
|2004 April||58d 09h 32m 45s||Steve Fossett (USA)||Cheyenne||Catamaran||13||Adrienne Cahalan (navigator) AUS , David Scully USA , Brian Thompson GB , Jacques Vincent FRA , Guillermo Altadill ESP , Mike Beasley NZL , Fraser Brown NZL , Mark Featherstone GB , Damian Foxall IRE , Nick Leggatt ZA , Justin Slattery IRE , Paul Van Dyke USA.|
|2002 May||64d 08h 37m 24s||Bruno Peyron (FRA)||Orange||Catamaran||13||Gilles Chiori, Hervé Jan , Nick Moloney (NZL) , Yann Eliès (FRA) , Benoît Briand , Sébastien Josse , Ronan le Goff , Jean Baptiste Epron , Florent Chastel , Vladimir Dzada-Lyndis , Yves le Blévec , Philippe Péché||attempt for the Jules Verne Trophy|
|1997 March||71d 14h 18m 08s||Olivier de Kersauson (FRA)||Sport-Elec||Trimaran||7||Didier Gainette , Hervé Jan , Michel Bothuon , Yves Pouillaude , Thomas Coville (FRA) , Marc le Fur||attempt for the Jules Verne Trophy|
|1994 January||74d 22h 17m 22s||Peter Blake (NZL) &, Knox-Johnston (GBR)||Enza||Catamaran||6||Paul Stanbrigh, David Alan-Williams, Dod Whright, Ed Dandy||attempt for the Jules Verne Trophy|
|1993 January||79d 06h 15m 56s||Bruno Peyron (FRA)||Commodore Explorer||Catamaran||5||Olivier Despaignes , Marc Vallin , Jack Vincent , Cam Lewis (USA)||attempt for the Jules Verne Trophy|
|2008||57d 13h 34m 06s||Francis Joyon (FRA)||IDEC 2||Trimaran 97ft||Arrived on 19 January 2008, non-stop. Also the fourth fastest outright record.|
|2005||71d 14h 18m 33s||Ellen MacArthur (UK)||B&Q/Castorama||Trimaran 75 ft||Arrived on 8 February, non-stop.|
|2004||72d 22h 54m 22s||Francis Joyon (FRA)||IDEC (formerly Poulain)||Trimaran||Non-stop|
|1989||125d||Olivier de Kersauson (FRA)||Un autre regard (formerly Poulain)||Trimaran||Two stops|
|1988||129d 19h 17m||Philippe Monnet (FRA)||Kriter brut de brut||Trimaran||Two stops|
|1973||169d||Alain Colas (FRA)||Manureva||Trimaran||One stop|
|2013 (January)||78d 2h 16m||François Gabart (FRA)||MACIF||Monohull||During Vendée Globe 2012-2013, non-stop and no assistance|
|2009 (January)||84d 3h 09m||Michel Desjoyeaux (FRA)||Foncia||Monohull||During Vendée Globe 2008-2009, non-stop and no assistance|
|2005 (Feb)||87d 10h 45m 55s||Vincent Riou (FRA)||PRB||Monohull||During Vendée Globe 2004-2005, non-stop and no assistance|
|2001 (Feb)||93d 3h 57' 32||Michel Desjoyeaux (FRA)||'PRB||Monohull||During Vendée Globe 2000-2001, non-stop and no assistance|
|1997||105d 20h 31m 23s||Christophe Auguin (FRA)||Geodis||Monohull||During Vendée Globe 1996-1997, non-stop and no assistance|
|1990||109d 08h 48' 50"||Titouan Lamazou (FRA)||Ecureuil d'Aquitaine II||Monohull||During Vendée Globe 1989-1990, non-stop and no assistance|
|1986||150d 1h 6m||Dodge Morgan (USA)||American Promise||Monohull||Started 12 November 1985 in Bermuda, returned 11 April 1986, non-stop|
|1985||236d 10h 45m||Peter Freeman (NZ)||Laivina||Monohull||Started 14 October 1984 at Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, broke self steering rudder after 10 days. Restarted at Santa Barbara on November 3, 1984, returned to Santa Barbara on June 27, 1985, non-stop. Completed voyage at Victoria, British Columbia, Canada on July 14, 1985. Laivina broke the existing record and is a Hartley 32 design of ferro-cement construction.|
|1969||313d||Sir Robin Knox-Johnston (UK)||Suhaili||Monohull||Attempt at Sunday Times Golden Globe Race. Left Falmouth 14 June 1968 returned 22 April 1969. Achieved first non-stop single handed circumnavigation.|
|1967||226d||Sir Francis Chichester (UK)||Gipsy Moth IV||Monohull||Solo attempt. One Stop in Sydney. Second person to achieve a true circumnavigation of the world solo, after Joshua Slocum.|
This route is the more demanding one, as it faces the dominant winds and currents. There are fewer attempts and records.
As of February 2010, no record has been homologated.
|2004||122d 14h 03m 49s||Jean Luc Van Den Heede (FRA)||Adrien||Monohull||Solo attempt non-stop. Arrived 19 March.|
|2000||151d 19h 54m||Philippe Monnet (FRA)||Uunet||Monohull||Solo attempt non-stop. Arrived 9 June.|
|1994||167d 7h 42m 54s||Mike Golding (UK)||Group 4||Monohull||Fastest westward journey|
|1971||292d||Chay Blyth (UK)||British Steel||Monohull||Started 18 October 1970, arrived 6 August 1971|
In May 2006, Dee Caffari became the first woman to sail around the world alone non-stop and single-handed westward on the Monohull Aviva, in 178 days.
The rules for intermediate records are set by the WSSRC. Four official records are listed.:
- Equator to Equator
- Indian Ocean
- Pacific Ocean
- South Atlantic Ocean
From Equator to Equator
|30 December 2011||32d 11h 51m||Loïck Peyron (FRA)||Banque Populaire V||Multihull||Crewed|
|6 March 2005||33d 16h 06m||Bruno Peyron (FRA)||Orange II||Multihull||Crewed|
|10 January 2008||41d 08h 19m||Francis Joyon (FRA)||IDEC 2||Multihull||Single-handed|
|19 January 2005||61d 22h 46m||Vincent Riou (FRA)||PRB||Monohull||Single-handed|
|12 December 2011||08d 7h 22m||Loïck Peyron (FRA)||Banque Populaire V||Multihull||Crewed|
|25 February 2010||08d 17h 39m||Franck Cammas (FRA)||Groupama 3||Multihull||Crewed|
|17 February 2005||09d 11h 04m||Bruno Peyron (FRA)||Orange II||Multihull||Crewed|
|18 December 2007||09d 12h 03m||Francis Joyon (FRA)||IDEC 2||Multihull||Single-handed|
|18 December 2004||14d 21h 01m||Mike Golding (UK)||Ecover||Monohull||Single-handed|
|25 February 2005||08d 18h 08m||Bruno Peyron (FRA)||Orange II||Multihull||Crewed|
|29 December 2007||10d 14h 30m||Francis Joyon (FRA)||IDEC 2||Multihull||Single-handed|
|4 January 2005||16d 05h 26m||Mike Golding (UK)||Ecover||Monohull||Single-handed|
South Atlantic ocean
|17 March 2005||11d 10h 22m 13s||Tony Bullimore (UK)||Doha||Multihull||Crewed|
From Jules Verne Trophy starting line (Ushant) to Equator (out of WSSRC rule)
|27 November 2011||5d 14h 55m||Loïck Peyron (FRA)||Banque Populaire V||Multihull||Crewed|
|11 November 2009||5d 15h 23m||Franck Cammas (FRA)||Groupama 3||Multihull||Crewed|
|6 February 2010||5d 19h 07m||Franck Cammas (FRA)||Groupama 3||Multihull||Crewed|
|30 January 2008||6d 6h 24m||Franck Cammas (FRA)||Groupama 3||Multihull||Crewed|
|2003||6d 11h 26m||Olivier de Kersauson (FRA)||Geronimo||Multihull||Crewed|
|30 November 2007||6d 16h 58m||Francis Joyon (FRA)||IDEC 2||Multihull||Single-handed|
|31 January 2005||7d 02h 56m||Bruno Peyron (FRA)||Orange II||Multihull||Crewed|
From Equator to Cape of Good Hope (out of WSSRC rules)
|4 December 2011||6d 06h 53m||Loïck Peyron (FRA)||Banque Populaire V||Multihull||Crewed. Also beats the record Ushant - Cape of Good Hope in 11d 21h and 48m|
|6 February 2008||7d 02h 23m||Franck Cammas (FRA)||Groupama 3||Multihull||Crewed|
|7 February 2005||7d 05h 23m||Bruno Peyron (FRA)||Orange II||Multihull||Crewed|
|15 February 2010||8d 20h 40m||Franck Cammas (FRA)||Multihull||Crewed|
From Cape Horn to Equator (out of WSSRC rules)
From the cape Horn, cutting the longitude 67°16'W, up to the Equator
|30 December 2011||07d 5h and 0m||Loïck Peyron (FRA)||Banque Populaire V||Multihull||Crewed|
|26 February 2005||08d 5h and 36m||Bruno Peyron (FRA)||Orange II||Multihull||Crewed|
|2004||10d 10h and 47m||Steve Fossett (USA)||Cheyenne||Multihull||Crewed|
|2002||11d 1h and 57m||Bruno Peyron (FRA)||Orange||Multihull||Crewed|
|2004||12d 10h and 25m||Olivier de Kersauson (FRA)||Geronimo||Multihull||Crewed|
From Equator to Jules Verne Trophy finishing line (Ushant) (out of WSSRC rules)
|2010||06d 10h and 44m||Franck Cammas (FRA)||Groupama 3||Multihull||Crewed|
|2004||08d 6h and 42m||Steve Fossett (USA)||Cheyenne||Multihull||Crewed|
|2004||09d 11h and 7m||Olivier de Kersauson (FRA)||Geronimo||Multihull||Crewed|
|2005||09d 11h and 15m||Bruno Peyron (FRA)||Orange II||Multihull||Crewed|
|2002||11d 3h and 48m||Bruno Peyron (FRA)||Orange||Multihull||Crewed|
- Competitions and prizes
- Other speed sailing records
Notes and references
- round the world records
- ISAF/World Sailing Speed Record Rules for individually attempted Passage Records or Performances Offshore
- Retrouvez toute l'actualité de l'univers Voile de Banque Populaire
- Press Releases Maxi Trimaran Banque Populaire V Archived 8 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
- COURSE - Groupama dans la Volvo Ocean Race : Groupama sailing team Archived 7 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 March 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-21.
- Site WSSRC Historical List of Offshore World Records
- Cheyenne circumnavigation record, Solarnavigator.net
- Swift, E. M. "Feat Of Global Dimensions: Dodge Morgan sailed his 60-foot cutter, American Promise, around the world non-stop in a record-shattering 150 days", Sports Illustrated, 21 April 1986. Accessed 19 September 2010.
- Times Colonist - July 15, 1985 "Solo sailor steps ashore after global record feat"
- WSSRC ratified passage records
- Site WSSRC "Rules The Courses Offshore"
- Site WSSRC "Intermediate Round The World Records"
- Equator-Equator by Loick Peyron Archived 8 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
- Trimaran IDEC website: 10 Jan 15h13 Archived 1 March 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
- Indian ocean record, by Banque Populaire V, 2011. Homologation pending Archived 8 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
- Indian ocean record, on Franck Cammas Site Archived 28 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
- Banque populaire website Archived 30 November 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
- Franck Cammas website Archived 10 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
- Franck Cammas website Archived 9 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
- Franck Cammas website
- Trimaran Idec website Archived 17 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
- Equator-cape of Good Hope, by Banque Populaire V Archived 5 December 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
- Groupama 3 website
- Reference times of Orange II Archived 9 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
- Groupama 3 website Archived 18 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
- Jules Verne intermediate records