Arequipa Region

This article is about the Arequipa Region. For its capital city, see Arequipa.
Arequipa Region

The Colca Canyon in the Arequipa Region

Location of the Arequipa Region in Peru
Coordinates: 15°52′S 72°15′W / 15.86°S 72.25°W / -15.86; -72.25Coordinates: 15°52′S 72°15′W / 15.86°S 72.25°W / -15.86; -72.25
Country Peru
Subdivisions 8 provinces and 109 districts
Capital Arequipa
  President Juan Manuel Guillén Benavides
  Total 63,345.39 km2 (24,457.79 sq mi)
Highest elevation 6,305 m (20,686 ft)
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2010 est.)
  Total 1,218,168
  Density 19/km2 (50/sq mi)
Dialing code 054
ISO 3166 code PE-ARE
Principal resources Wheat, cotton, rice, onion,
garlic, cooper seed fruits,
Poverty rate 21.0% (INEI)
Percentage of Peru's GDP 5.64%

Arequipa is a region in southwestern Peru. It is bordered by the Ica, Ayacucho, Apurímac and Cusco regions in the north, the Puno Region in the east, the Moquegua Region in the south and the Pacific Ocean in the west. Its capital, also called Arequipa, is Peru's second-largest city.


This region has a rough topography which is characterized by heavy layers of volcanic lava covering large areas of its inter-Andean sector. It has deep canyons such as the ones formed by the Ocoña and Majes rivers. Plateaus range in height from medium, such as La Joya, and high-altitude ones such the Arrieros Pampa and those located in the zones of Chivay, Huambo and Pichucolla. Volcanic cones are seen emerging above the plateaus and forming snowfalls, such as Misti, Chachani, Ampato, Mismi, Sulimana and Coropuna. In contrast with these heights, there are deep canyons, including Majes, Colca, Sihuas and Ocoña, where important aspects of the ecological evolution of this zone can be clearly observed.

Along the coast, small plateaus and dunes represent characteristics of the desert of Arequipa, such as the ones located in the Majes, Sihuas and La Joya plains, which are particularly beautiful and developed.

From a hydrographic point of view, the rivers draining its territory belong mainly to the Pacific watershed. Some rivers belong to the Amazon hydrographic system. Some of the region's main rivers are: Ocoña, Yauca, Camaná and Quilca. The starting point of the Amazon River is located in the Arequipa region .

Political division

An Andean condor soars over the Colca Canyon.
Beaches of La Punta de Bombon

The region is divided into eight provinces (provincias, singular: provincia), which are composed of 109 districts (distritos, singular: distrito). The provinces, with their capitals in parentheses, are:

  1. Arequipa (Arequipa)
  2. Camaná (Camaná)
  3. Caravelí (Caravelí)
  4. Castilla (Aplao)
  5. Caylloma (Chivay)
  6. Condesuyos (Chuquibamba)
  7. Islay (Mollendo)
  8. La Unión (Cotahuasi)



According to the 2007 Peru Census, the first language learned by most of the residents was Spanish (83.17%) followed by Quechua (14.78%). The Quechua variety spoken in Arequipa is Cusco–Collao Quechua. The following table shows the results concerning the language learnt first in the Arequipa Region by province:[1]

Province Quechua Aymara Asháninka Another native language Spanish Foreign language Deaf or mute Total
Arequipa 101,631 13,464 136 1,054 705,179 1,151 533 823,148
Camana 6,677 1,292 8 10 42,197 5 32 50,221
Caraveli 4,912 362 5 4 28,565 32 30 33,910
Castilla 6,700 545 6 31 28,840 7 49 36,178
Caylloma 23,281 1,142 10 109 44,656 21 51 69,270
Condesuyos 4,734 79 3 8 13,107 - 18 17,949
Islay 5,280 1,614 9 110 42,427 362 46 49,848
La Unión 8,676 40 4 31 5,873 11 25 14,660
Total 161,891 18,538 181 1,357 910,844 1,589 784 1,095,184
% 14.78 1.69 0.02 0.12 83.17 0.15 0.07 100.00

Points of interest

There are numerous points of interest in the Arequipa region. The three coastal provinces, Caraveli, Camana and Islay all have popular beaches. Various ports can also be found along the coastline, the two most important being Mollendo and Matarani, both in the province of Islay.

The Colca Canyon, twice as deep as the Grand Canyon in the United States, is situated in the province of Caylloma. The Cotahuasi Canyon is in the La Union Province. Colca Valley provides incredible close-up views of majestic Andean condors soaring in their natural habitat. Cotahuasi, at 3,535 metres (11,598 ft), is thought to be the deepest canyon in the world. Both canyons offer spectacular scenery and villages as yet unaffected by the modern world.

In the Castilla Province near Corire there is Toro Muerto with more than 3,000 petroglyphs. Further to the north near Andaguas lies the Valley of Volcanoes. Almost 100 cones of various sizes dominate the lava-hardened landscape.

See also


  1. Archived January 27, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. INEI, Peru, Censos Nacionales 2007

External links

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