Arcos de la Frontera

This article is about a Spanish town. For other uses, see Arcos (disambiguation).
Arcos de la Frontera

Coat of arms
Arcos de la Frontera

Location in Spain

Coordinates: 36°45′N 5°48′W / 36.750°N 5.800°W / 36.750; -5.800
Country  Spain
Autonomous community  Andalusia
Province Cádiz
Comarca Sierra de Cádiz
Municipality Arcos de la Frontera
  Alcalde Jose Luis Nuñez (PP)
  Total 527.54 km2 (203.68 sq mi)
Elevation 185 m (607 ft)
Population (2008)
  Total 31,017
  Density 59/km2 (150/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Arcense, Arcobricense
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 11630
Website Official website

Arcos de la Frontera is a town and municipality in the Sierra de Cádiz comarca, province of Cádiz, in Andalusia, Spain. It is located on the Northern, Western and Southern banks of the Guadalete river, which flows around three sides of the city under towering vertical cliffs, to Jerez and on to the Bay of Cádiz. The town commands a fine vista atop a sandstone ridge, from which the peak of San Cristóbal and the Guadalete Valley can be seen. The town gained its name by being the frontier of Spain's 13th century battle with the Moors.[1]


Iglesia de San Pedro in 1874 by Gustave Doré in the work L'Espagne.

There is local evidence that Stone Age cave-dwellers used rocks to form living chambers. Roman ruins also exist in the area.[1]

Arcos became an independent Moorish taifa in 1011 during the protracted collapse of the Umayyad Caliphate of Córdoba. Arcos was associated with the Jerez by 'Abdun ibn Muhammad who ruled from c. 1029/1030 to 1053. The region was overtaken by the Almoravid dynasty in 1091. From 1145 to 1147 the region of Arcos and Jerez was briefly a taifa under dependency of Granada, led by Abu'l-Qasim Ahyal.

The town was a bulwark of Christianity after king Alfonso X of Castile 'the Wise' (1252–1284) expelled the Moors. He constructed a Gothic cathedral which remains on its high ridge.

It is famed for its ten bells, which tolled throughout the war with the Moors. Several Moorish banners were taken in the nearby battle of Zahara and have been on display in a church in Arcos since 1483.[1]

Main sights

Other interest places

Cortijos, haciendas and mills

The cortijos are a traditional big farmhouses, mostly are old, currently many serves as hotels. This list also includes haciendas and mills.

Former monuments

In Cuesta of Belén, in the preamble to the historic center. Here was one of the three city gates in medieval times, called Puerta de Jerez, which was torn down in 1852. An architect built a replica with his own initiative. This is the only replica of old monuments in Arcos.

Natural sites


Besides the Bar Alcaraván, there is also, in the historic center, bars for tapas like 'Bar la Cárcel', 'Mesón La Rebotica', 'Mesón Los Murales', 'Casa Rural la Campana'. There also an Italian food restaurant the 'Mamma Tina'.


Other towns within the municipality

La Perdiz Los Barrancos[7]
El Santiscal Concejo
El Drago Descansadero del Drago
La Pedrosa Fuensanta
La Garrapata Jadramil
El Güijo Junta de los Ríos
La Misericordia[8] Jédula
La Sierpe Las Abiertas
Toronjil El Yugo
Pequeña Holanda Vallejas

Municipality limits




External links

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